Heredity Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Heredity Vocabulary Deck (21):
1

Mitosis

Cell Division

2

Meiosis

Reduction Division

3

Crossing Over

Happens in meiosis; Genetic Variation

4

Independent Assortment

Crossing over; How you get genetic variation

5

Dominant

A gene that overshadows whatever else is there

6

Recessive

A gene that is overshadowed by the dominant gene

7

Homozygous Dominant

"Two big B's"

8

Homozygous Recessive

"Two little B's"

9

Heterozygote

"Big B, Little B"

10

Punnett Squares

Chart to figure out different possible genotypes, through alleles, to determine your possibility offsprings genetics

11

Phenotype

Physical traits

12

Genotype

Genetic genes

13

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic Acid

14

RNA

Ribonucleic Acid

15

Gene Mutation

An error in the genes

16

Haploid

One set of chromosomes

17

Diploid

Two sets of chromosomes

18

Allele

The different version of the same gene

19

Where do you get the different versions from?

Parents

20

Gamete

Egg and sperm

21

What causes mutation?

Environmental