Higher-level Physiognomic Vegetation Categories for GO & Surrounding Ecosystems Flashcards Preview

Plant Ecology > Higher-level Physiognomic Vegetation Categories for GO & Surrounding Ecosystems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Higher-level Physiognomic Vegetation Categories for GO & Surrounding Ecosystems Deck (14):
1

Formation class and limits: Forest

>50% crown cover of trees
>10m trees

2

Forest formation sub-classes

Conifer Forest
and Mixed Conifer/Broadleaf Forest

3

Formation class and limits: Woodland

10m trees

4

Woodland formation sub-classes

Conifer woodland
Mixed woodland (GO-Pine-CDF)
Broadleaf Woodland (GO-Arbutus-Aspen)

5

Formation class and limits: Savannah

10m trees

6

Savannah formation sub-classes

Broadleaf savannah (Garry Oak)
Mixed Savannah (CDF-GO)
Conifer Savannah (CDF)

7

Formation class and limits: Low Woodland

Single-stemmed species in dominant layer
3-10m trees

8

Low Woodland formation sub-classes

Mixed Low Woodland
Broadleaf Low Woodland

9

Formation class and limits: Shrubland

Multi-stemmed species in dominant layer (usually 20% cover of shrubs
<100% at least 1/3 must be shrubs

10

Shrubland formation sub-classes

Evergreen Shrubland (Broom, Gorse, Juniper, Manzanita)
Mixed Shrubland
Deciduous Shrubland (Blackberry, snowberry, ocean spray, ninebark, pacific willow)

11

Formation class and limits: Herbaceous Formations

> 20% cover herbaceous
<100% at least 1/3 must be herbaceous

12

Herbaceous Formation sub-classes

Grass communities
Grass/Forb communities
Forb communities
Fern communities

13

Formation class and limits: Moss/Lichen Formations

>50% moss/lichen cover
<20% for each herbaceous and shrub

14

Moss/Lichen Formation sub-classes

Moss communities (Dicranum, Rhacomitrium, Polytrichum, Selaginella)
Mixed moss/lichen communities
Lichen communities (Cladina and others)