Hip & Gluteal Region Flashcards Preview

Anatomy (TOPNOTCH SUPPLEMENT) > Hip & Gluteal Region > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hip & Gluteal Region Deck (11):
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Idiopathic AVN of head of the femur

Unilateral hip pain, slight external rotation and a limp

Most commonly affects Caucasian boys

Legg-Perthes disease

1

Head of femur lies anterior to the iliofemoral ligament

Lower limb is externally rotated & abducted

Femoral artery may be damaged ➡️ cya otic lower limb

Anterior dislocation of the hip joint

2

Due to severe trauma (flexed knee hits the dashboard)

Head of femur lies posterior to iliofemoral ligament

Acetabulum may also be fractured

Sciatic nerve may be damaged

Lower limb is internally rotated & abducted & shorter than the uninjured limb

AVN of femoral head if medial & lateral circumflex arteries are compromised

Posterior dislocation of the hip joint

3

Most common site: just distal to the femoral head (subcapital)

Typical px: elderly women with osteoporosis

Lower limb is externally rotated & shorter than the uninjured limb

Avascular necrosis (AVN) of femoral head if medial & lateral circumflex arteries are compromised

Femoral neck fracture

4

Related to the femoral triangle

Contains the ff structures:
- femoral canal
- femoral vein
- femoral artery
- femoral nerve

Hip joint

5

Contains lymphatics and lymph nodes

Femoral canal

6

The great saphenous vein joins the femoral vein within the femoral triangle, just below and lateral to the pubic tubercle (site for great saphenous vein cutdown)

Femoral vein

7

Landmark of the gluteal region

Piriformis muscle

8

Superior to Piriformis

Superior gluteal vessels & nerve

9

Inferior to Piriformis

Inferior gluteal vessels & nerve

10

Superolateral portion of the buttock

Gluteal IM injections