Hip and Pelvis Tests Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hip and Pelvis Tests Deck (15)
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1

Leg Length Discrepancy

P: Different mesaurements
I: True = bony abnormality above or below level of trochanter different (anatomical short leg)
Apparent = pelvic obliquity (tilted pelvis)

2

Allis Sign

P: Difference in height and anteriority of the knees
I: 1. if one knee is lower = ipsilateral congenital hip dislocation or tibial discrepancy (anatomical short leg)
2. if one knee is anterior - ipsilateral congential hip dislocation or femoral discrepancy (contralateral anatomical short leg)

3

Thomas Test

P: Lumbar spine maintains lordosis (should flatten) and hip or leg flexes
I: Contracture of the hip flexors (iliopsoas)

4

Anvil Test

P: Localized pain in long bone or in hip joint
I: Possible fracture of long bones, or hip joint pathology

5

Patrick Test
AKA. Fabere sign

P: Pain in the hip region
I: Hip joint pathology

6

Laguerre test

1. Pain in the hip joint
I: Hip joint pathology
2. Pain in the sacroiliac joint
I: mechanical problem of the sacroiliac joint

7

Gaenslen Test

P: Pain on the affected SI joint stressed into extension
I: General sacroiliac joint lesion, anterior sacroiliac ligament sprain, or inflammation of the SI joint

8

Lewin-Gaenslen Test

P: Pain on the affected SI joint stressed into extension
I: General sacroiliac joint lesion, anterior sacroiliac ligament sprain, or inflammation of the SI joint

9

Hibb Test

1. Pain in the hip region
I: Hip joint pathology
2. Pain in the buttock/pelvic region
I: Sacroiliac joint lesion

10

Ober Test

P: Affected thigh remains in abduction (normal biomechanics, the tight/hip will adduct)
I: Contraction of the iliotibial band or tensor fascia late, (usually secondary to synovitis of the hip, secondary to trauma of the gluteus medius and maximus)

11

Pelvic Rock Test
AKA. Iliac Compression Test

P: Pain in either sacroiliac joint
I: Sacroiliac joint lesion

12

Nachlas Test

P: Pain in the buttock and/or pain in the lumbar region
I: Sacroiliac joint lesion or lumbar pathology

13

Yeoman Test

P: Pain deep in SI joint
I: Sprain of the anterior sacroiliac ligaments

14

Ely Sign (Ely Test)

P: Hip on side being tested will flex causing the buttock to raise off the table
I: Rectus femoris or hip flexor contracture

15

Trendelenburg Test

P: High iliac crest on supported side and low crest on side of elevated leg
I: Weak gluteus medius muscle on the supported side