Hip Joint Flashcards Preview

Board Review: General Anatomy Specific Joint Anatomy > Hip Joint > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hip Joint Deck (23):
1

What type of joint is the hip joint?

Synovial

2

What classification is the hip joint?

Ball and socket (spheroidal)

3

What bones are involved in the hip joint?

Acetabulum of os coxae (hip bone)
Head of femur

4

What is the ROM of the hip joint?

Flexion
Extension
Adduction
Abduction
Internal Rotation
External Rotation
Rotation
Circumduction

5

What muscles act in flexion?

Iliopsoas
Rectus femoris
Sartorius

6

What muscles act in extension?

Gluteus maximus
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
Hamstring part of adductor magnus

7

What muscles act in abduction?

Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimus
Tensor fasciae latae

8

What muscles act in adduction?

Adductor longus and brevis
Adductor part of adductor magnus
Gracilis
Pectineus
Lower part of gluteus maximus

9

What muscles act in internal rotation?

Gluteus medius and minimus

10

What muscles act in external rotation?

Gluteus maximus
Psoas
Piriformis
Gemelli
Obturator internus and externus
Quadratus femoris

11

What muscles act in circumduction?

Combination of all above mentioned muscles

12

What innervates the hip joint?

Femoral N
Obturator N
N to quadratus femoris

13

What are the 4 ligaments of the hip joint?

1 intra-articular ligament
3 extra-articular ligaments

14

What is the intra-articular ligament in hip joint?

Round ligament of head of femur

15

The round ligament of head of femur runs from what?

Transverse acetabular ligament and rim of nearby acetabular notch to fovea centralis of femus

16

What does the round ligament of head of femur contain?

Central foveolar A in children (Not in adults)

17

What are the 3 extra-articular ligaments?

Iliofemoral
Pubofemoral
Ischiofemoral

18

The iliofemoral ligament runs from what to what?

From AIIS to root of femoral neck

19

The iliofemoral ligament prevents what?

Hyperextension

20

The pubofemoral ligament runs from what to what?

Superior pubic ramus to lower part of the capsule

21

The pubofemoral ligament prevents what?

Hyper-abduction

22

The ischiofemoral ligament runs from what to what?

Ischium to posterior part of capsule

23

What does the ischiofemoral ligament prevent?

Hyperextension