HIS 101 Final II Flashcards Preview

history > HIS 101 Final II > Flashcards

Flashcards in HIS 101 Final II Deck (86)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the Renaissance?

A cultural Rebirth

2

When did The Renaissance take place?

1300 - 1600 A.D.

3

Where did the Renaissance begin?

Italy

4

What were the characteristics or features of the Italian Renaissance?

*Classicsm (Greco-Roman Heritage)
*Theocentric vs homocentric views
*Humanism as a literary movment
*Philosophy
*Arts
*Concept of a Gentleman
*Individualism, secularism, and fame
*Universal man
*Political science

5

How was man viewed during the Renaissance

Increasing in importance, the gap between man and god was narrowing

6

What was the Italian political climate like during the Renaissance?

Weak and disuntied, leaned toward a dictatorship, lots of use of the Condottiere, lots of domestic violence

7

What kind of era was the Italian renaissance?

Both a forward and backward looking era

8

what was clasicism?

Greek and Roman heritage

9

What does Homocentric mean?

Man as the center

10

What were the five main states in Italy during the Italian renaissance?

Venice, Florence, Milan, Papal States, and the kingdoms of the two Sicilies

11

What was Stendhal syndrome

You try and take in all the culture at once and you get overwhelmed and end up in the hospital

12

What was a bibliophile?

Someone who loved books

13

What was classical latin

Latin from the ancient world

14

What two languages did the italian renaissance revive?

Greek and hebrew

15

What was the largest library in the world?

The Vatican

16

Who were the Three great humanists?

Francesco Petrach, Boccacio, lorenzo valla

17

What were some of the Theoretical and practical developments that affected political science and government during the italian renaissance?

Balance of power, modern competative state system and CIA's

18

What was humanism during the Italian Renaissance?

Revivial of classical latin, Greek, and Hebrew, Age of museums, displays, academies, and libraries, Love of the past

19

Who was the most popular ancient philosopher and why?

Plato, his emphasis on human potential and his idealized love and beauty

20

What was the importance of the gentleman during the Renaissance?

He replaced the knight, universaal man

21

How could you be trained to be a gentleman?

Read the classics, learn manners, learn military values, art of conversation, character development

22

What were the major features of Italian Art?

Painting was number 1, realism, individualism, emotion, better knowledge of the human body

23

Who were some famous painters?

Da vinci, Michelangelo, raphael

24

What were the trends in renaissance music?

Brass, religious and secular were respected the same, polyphonic, new instruments, court music, madrigal, status of the musician very high

25

who was the greatest musician of the Italian renaissance?

Palestrina

26

What style did the Renaissance Architects employe

Classical

27

What was the greatest architectural achievement of the Italian Renaissance?

St. Peter's Basilica

28

What did sculptures hope to achieve during the Renaissance?

City planning, beautification and tools of power

29

Who were some famous architects and their notable works

Brunelleschi - The big dome thing
Michelangelo - St. Peters Basilica

30

How did the Renaissance spread across the ALps in the 15th and 16th centuries?

*Northern Scholars studied in Italy
*New Universities in the North
*Northern Invasions of Italy
*Printing press (Most important)