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Flashcards in HIS 101 Test 2 Deck (45)
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What was the most powerful body in The Roman Republic

The senate


What was the cursus Honorum in the Roman Republic

Wealth, Seniority, competition, experience, consensu


What was the outcome of the Struggle of Orders during the Roman Republic

Office of Tribune, Twelve tables, Tribal Assembly, Intermarriage, all offices opened up to the public


What was the name given to the wars fought between Rome and Carthage?

Punic Wars


What was Rome's status by 133 B.C.?

A world power


Who were the Gracchi brothers?

Two dudes that tried to address rome's shortcommings


Who were the warlords during the late republic?

Private Generals


Who made up the first triumvirate?

Pompey, Ceasar, Crassus


within the Roman Empire, Christianity took hold:

in the cities


The chief cause for the downfall of the Roman republic was the:

Growth of Rome to an empire for which the Roman city-state constitution was inadequate


During the early centuries of the Christian Church, it's development in organization, worship and doctrine:

Became decentralized


The major problem that the Romans had to solve at home during the Early Republic (509 - 265 B.C.) was:

The struggle of the plebeians for social, economic and political equality called the "Struggle of orders"


"And I say also unto thee, that thou art Peter and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. and I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatsoever thou shalt bind bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." this quotation from the bible is:

A basis for the pope's claim to supremacy over the christian church


The early constitution of the Roman republic:

Provided a "Ladder of offices" for magistrates, included a Senate which was an advisory board, contained several assemblies that passed laws and elected the magistrates, made provision for a dictator during a national assembly


The Roman revolution refers to:

The last century of the Republic


The Romans were _____ group-oriented and were _______ intellectually creative than the greeks

more, less


the second punic war finally ended when _____ defeated hannibal at _____ in 202, B.C.

scipio africanus, zama


The term "Iconlast" means:

One who advocaes the destruction of religious images, which are deemed superstitious and equivalent to idol worship


The two main religious factions in Islam during the middle ages were:

Sunnites and Shi'ites


A comitatus was:

A german organization consisting of a war leader and followers


The "bible" of the Islamic religion is called the:



The capital of the Byzantine Empire bore the name of the Emperor:



Most of our knowledge of the Early Germans previous to the great invasions comes from:

The writings of Caesar and Tacitus


The profound effect of Constantinople is still seen in cultures which are still Byzantine, namely those of:

Eastern Europe and Russia


Paterfamilias meant that:

The Roman emperor possesed all power within the state


What was Julius Caesar's view of the Roman Empire?



What was the size and population of the Roman Empire?

50 - 100 million


How was it governed and held together?

Legions and roads


What is meant by Rome being a society of millionaires and beggars?

There wasn't really a middle class and the wealth difference between the upper and lower class was ginormous


What was "bread and circuses"

A lot of people weren't doing anything so Rome threw parties to keep them busy


How many slaves did the Romans possess?

1/3 of the population were slaves


How were the slaves treated in the Roman empire

Fairly well


Why did slavery begin to decline during the Later Roman Empire?

Slaves could buy their freedom and if they were sick their owners would probably just let them go


What was the status of Roman women during the Empire

Honored and Degraded at the same time


What were the features of Roman architecture and art?

power, propaganda, unity, and realism


Why were their structures larger than what the Greeks built?

They were concrete so they were stronger


What were some of the types of structures that the Romans built?

Arches, Domes, Basilicas, Public Baths, Aqueducts, Fountains, Amphitheaters, Circus Maximus, and the Pantheon


In what areas did the romans fail to make significant contributions to civilization?

Science and Philosophy?


What is the legacy of the latin language?

Law, medicine, and scientific names


What were the two great ages for Roman literature?

Golden Age and Silver Age?


What are the Roman language?

Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian Languages


Why was the rise and triumph of Christianity such a great success story?

It came from a Podunk from the boonies, it was outlawed for forever, then legalized then one of the biggest religions today


What is the most famous book written about the decline and fall of Rome

Edward Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire


What happened in Rome from the death of Marcus Aureluis in 180 A.D. to the death of the last severan in 235 A.D.

Military gained power, it became a miilitary monarchy, there was a civil war, lots of changes in Emperors and it was the start of lots of invasions


What were some of the obvious signs that Rome was in trouble politically after 180 A.D.?

Senate ignored, problems of succession, Quality of Emperors (Princesps vs dominus), Cost, size and roles of government increased, and the role of the military increased - "Barrack's Emperors"