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Flashcards in HIS 101 Test 3 Deck (120)
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1

What percentage of the population was directly involved in feudal tenure

10%

2

What were the three basic elements that made up feudalism

*Personal element of vassalage
*property elements of the fief
*government element

3

Where was feudalism most thoroughly developed

France in the 9th - 12th centuries

4

What was the major development benefits that feudalism provided for medieval society

Help to stabilize everyone on the local level and laid the foundation for a future recovery after 1000 A.D.

5

Who made up the feudal pyramid

King, Duke, count, Baron, knight

6

What were Lord vassal relationships

The Lord gave a fief to the vassal who paid a rent

7

What were fiefs

Payment

8

What were tenants in chief

Vassals of the king

9

How many members within the feudal pyramid could be both a Lord and a vassal

all of them except the king and the knight

10

In the early days of feudalism what happened to a fief when the vassal died

The thief went back to the lord

11

What was the common mode of inheritance in much of Europe after the 9th century

Primogeniture - first son inheritance

12

What were feudal incidents

No heir, a minor, or a female

13

Why was there a problem of conflict of loyalty is with in the pyramid

Vassalage to more than one lord

14

What is a general definition of manorialism

Economic and social system

15

What percentage of the population was directly involved in manorialism

90%

16

What were the basic features of a medieval Manor

100 to 2000 acres of arable land villages for a labor force pastureland wasteland water supply and a forest

17

How was a manner farmed

Self-sufficient open field cooperative two or three field system

18

How many acres did an average peasant farm on a mannor

30 acres

19

Why were crop yields so low

*Violence of the era
*Done by hand
*Poor seed
*Lack of fertilizer, insecticides and pesticides

20

How much of his labor and crop did the average peasant owe his Lord

Half

21

What was "God's peace "

A peasant priest on the manner

22

What was the status of peasants on a mannor

It varied most were serfs bound to the land but not slaves

23

Who represented the Lord on a mannor if he was not in residence

A bailiff or a steward

24

Who represented the peasants

A Reeve

25

What were the features of the agricultural revolution that gained momentum after 1000 A.D.

1. Greater use of the three field system 2. Clearing and reclamation of land 3. Greater use of the horse for. Raising of sheep 5. Greater use of the Ironwheel to plow 6. Specialization 7. Better weather from 1000 to 1300 A.D. 8. Advances in metallurgy and Mining nine. 9. Greater use of wind and water power

26

What were the results of the agricultural revolution

Surplus of food increase specialization and it contributed to the recovery in the high middle ages from 1000 to 1300 AD

27

Where did the Frank's originally settle

France and other Germanic kingdoms

28

What were the two Royal dynasties of the Frank's

Merovingian and Carolingian

29

What role did Clovis play in Frankish history

United the two Frank is tribes took over Roman Gaul and converted to Christianity in 466 AF

30

Who were the do nothing kings From 639 to 751 AD

Physically weak, did nothing, and basically figureheads