HIS2113 The Modern West: From the Renaissance to WWII First Exam Study Guid Flashcards Preview

Modern West > HIS2113 The Modern West: From the Renaissance to WWII First Exam Study Guid > Flashcards

Flashcards in HIS2113 The Modern West: From the Renaissance to WWII First Exam Study Guid Deck (57):
1

Timur the Lame

Mongolian Khan from Iran, from 1336-1404

2

Ferdinand and Isabella

1.) United Aragon and Castile as spain 2.) Reconquista 3.) Hired Columbus to find an western route to india. 4.) Grandparents of Carlos I (Charles V)

3

The Medici Family

Prominent banking in Italy, ruled Florence hired many famous artists and had many popes come out of their family.

4

Petrarch

Rediscovered Cicero's letters, was a famous poet, started the 14th century Renaissance.

5

Michelangelo

Sistine Chapel (Some of this), commisioned by the Medici family he was also a Sculptor, and Painter.

A image thumb
6

Leonardo Da Vinci

The Ideal Renaissance man was talented in sculpting painting and inventing. Famous works include the Vetruvian man, the mona lisa, and the Last supper.

7

Desiderius Erasmus

catholic priest humanist ninja, First person to publish thte new testament in greek.

8

Johannes Guetnberg

Inventor of the moveable type printing press

9

Wiliam Shakespeare

Writer and Poet out of Englands Renaissance.

10

Miguel de Cervantes

Author of Don Quixote of Spain.

11

Henry the Navigator

employed many portuguese explorations to Africa and the West

12

Vasco Da gama

First Portuguese man that sailed under the rains in Africa and sailed to India. 

13

Amerigo Vespucci

Discovered America

14

Christopher Columbus

Sailed for spain and landed in the "West Indies" Cuba, and The Dominican Republic. 

15

John Wycliffe

English Reformer who believed in a vernacular language for mass and translated the bible. He influenced the Bohemian reformer Jan Hus

16

Charles the V (Carlos I)

Charles the V was the Holy Roman Empire of Habsburg descent who also was the Heir to the spanish kingdom. 

17

Andreas Karlstadt

Was a radical reformer during Luther's era ordered the removal of vestiges and any art from the chapel in Wittenberg. 

18

Ulrich Zwingli

Swiss reformer that believed that the Eucharist was not true body and blood, but rather just symbolic. He debated Luther at the Marburg Colloquy. 

19

John Calvin

French Reformer, that sought refuge in Geneva switzerland, TULIP rather then LUTHER. 

20

Henry VIII

Married many wives and divorced them started the Anglican church in England after he was not allowed an Annulment against Catherine of Aragon the aunt of Charles the V

21

Catherine of Aragon 

Married Henry the VIII, and was the Aunt of Charles V.  First female  ambassador to the English Crown from Aragon. 

22

Anne Boleyn

She was a beautiful young lady that Married Henry the VIII and was later beheaded by him for not giving him a heir. 

23

Jane Seymour

One of Henry the VIII's wives. She gave Henry his only male Heir and died shortly afer childbirth. 

24

Philip Melanchthon

Was a scholar that studied under Martin Luther, and continued the Reformation after Luther's death. Authored the Augsburg Confession. 

25

Suleiman the Magnificent

Expanded the Ottoman empire all the way to Vienna, broke from Ottoman tradition and married a harem and ruled the mediterranean. 

26

Ignatius of Loyola

Founded the Jesuits

27

Hernan Cortes

Spanish Conquistador who destroyed the Aztec empire with only 600 men. 

28

Francisco Pizarro

Conquistador who conquered the Inca empire. 

29

Elizabeth I 

Queen of England who grew up in France

30

Phillip II 

Son of Carlos I saw the rise and fall of Spanish power

31

Manorial System (Feudalism)

Breakdown of the Manorial System

Kings

Nobles

Knights (Vassals)

Peasants

Lords and fiefs - own land

Vassals + Homage - manage land 

serfs - work the land

32

Merchants

Circumvented the guild system by getting charters to start their own towns where people could go buy goods. 

33

Mendicant Orders

differed from monastic orders in that they did not own the land they lived on and were poor and owned little to know property and everything they had was donated to them. 

34

Reconquista

Isabella and Ferdinand retaking spain from the moors

35

Mysticism

imitation of christs life through voluntary poverty.

36

Conciliarism 

Movement to make Councils above popes, condemed Hus and Wycliffe .

37

Anabatists

Believed that infant baptism was a heresy and only did adult baptism they also believed that christians should exclude themselves from society.

38

Anglicanism

founded by Henry the VIII when the pope would not anull his marriage it is essentially the catholic church without the pope. 

39

Confessionalization

The cause for all the Lutheran Confession of faiths (Augsburg confession) gnesio lutherans vs. Phillipsts resulted in the Formula of Concord

40

Conquistadores

Hernan cortes vs the Aztecs takes 600 men, and conquers the astecs whose Capital was 200,000 people strong. 

41

Black Legend

Historical publishing of a spanish priests works as propaganda demonizing the Spanish.

42

Casta System

Hierarchy 

  1. Penisulares (the people from Spain) 
  2. Creoles (Spanish people born out of spain) 
  3. indios
  4. Negros
  5. Mixed races of people. 

43

4th Lateran Council 

Affirmed many of the Catholic beliefs more specifically Transubstantiation and Celibacy of Priests

44

The Black Death

Bubonic plague the eliminated half of Europes population, came from China. 

45

Hundred Years War

Fought between France and England inconsisitently over a 100 year span

46

Treaty Tordesillas

Made by the pope and split the New world between the Spanish and the Portuguese

47

The Peasants War in Germany

Started by radical protestant thinking that resulted in the stripping of art and other things from the church and taught bible alone.

48

Marburg Colloquy

Meeting setup by Phillip of Hesse between Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli, Ultimately no agreement to unite Protestantism was reached between Luther and Zwingli. 

49

War of the Roses

Henry tudor defeated Richard the III who was the Last Plantagenet. 

50

Italian wars

France vs. Habsburg in Italy 

51

Schmalkaldic War

Holy Roman emperor vs. The Lutheran Princes (United as the Schmalkald league)

52

Peace of Augsburg

Princes within the Holy Roman Empire could decide if they wanted their province to be Lutheran, or Catholic. 

53

Council of Trent

Officially condemned protestantism and reaffirmed Transubstantion, Condemns Justification by faith and Sola Scriptura

54

St. Bartholomews Day Massacre

Massacre arranged by Catherine de Medici of French Huguenots when the King of France was getting married to a protestant women. 

55

Eighty Years War

War started by the Netherlands after Phillip II ascended the crown lasted 80 years.

56

Defeat of the Spanish Armada

Occured in 1588 at the hands of the English, they lost 1/2 of their fleet

57

Edict of Nantes

Permitted the "reformed" to stay in France and worship peacebly but only in designated areas and could only sell their books and education in the designated areas