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Flashcards in historians Deck (38):
1

control of ministers

some historians believe he enjoyed playing his ministers off against each other

2

fall of cromwell

Scarisbrick says that it was Norfolk and Gardiner who were key to his fall

3

control of faction

S Gunn asserts that the king made all final decision, whether or not he'd been influenced

4

fall of norfolk and gardiner

N Fellows - their falls show that in many ways, the king was dominated

5

pilgrimage of grace

G Elton argues that some rebels had links to Aragonese faction

6

motivation of pilgrimage of grace

J J Scarisbrick claims that it was religiously motivated

7

monasteries

G W Bernard suggests that Henry had no particular interest in monasteries so saw no reason to spare them

8

feelings for Anne

Eric Ives suggests that it was not until 1527 that Wolsey realised the extent of Henry's attachment to Anne

this suggests she wasn't the original motivation

9

reason for annulment

Virginia Murphy - he was so utterly convinced that his marriage was against God's will

10

Anne Boleyn

A P Gywn - Henry never made it in public that he had fallen for Anne

Campeggio - Henry sees nothing and thinks nothing but Anne

11

the church

had a vigorous hold over the people - E Duffy

12

church abuses

the church was suffering from a variety if abuses and lacked spirituality - A G Dickens

13

condition of church

S J Gunn - senior churchmen across Europe indulged in Simony, nepotism and pluralism

14

church donations

Andrew Pettigree - 50% of churches were remodelled in the 15th century

15

why did Wolsey fall

David Loades - failure to secure and annulment and the fiasco of the amicable grant

16

wolsey and faction

John Lotherington - Wolsey was the victim of factional intrigues

17

henry and Wolsey

P Gwyn - it was Henry that made him and Henry had destroyed him

18

Henry's ambition

J Guy asserts that Henry's driving force was his ambition for the French throne

19

Treaty of London

J J Scarisbrick believes that Wolsey's main concern was peace, as he knew it would benefit England financially

also Wolsey's greatest success

20

revisionist view of Wolsey

P Gywn - claims he was a great statesman, yet always in Henry's control

D Loades agrees

21

Wolsey's aims

M Creighton believes that Wolsey wanted to dominate Europe in ENgland's interests

22

Wolsey and Rome

A F Pollard believed that Wolsey conducted FP in interests of Pope - hoped to become it one day

23

faction in final decade

N Fellows - faction ultimately triumphed in 1540s

24

war with France 1544

cost £2 million - D MacCulloch has said that he caused a "mid-tudor crisis"

used up monastic money, debased coinage, forced loans and borrowed on Antwerp money market

25

used faction

recent work argues that Henry used factional struggles to strengthen his position

26

England by his death

Dickens argues that by his death, England was mostly protestant

27

church in good condition

J J Scarisbrick - argues that the church was in no worse condition that it had been

28

reason for break with rome

A G Dickens - has argues that Henry's decisions were influenced the strength of anti-Clericalism in England

29

financial reforms

John Guy argues that Wolsey brought about significant change

replaced 15th and 10th with subsidy

30

Pilgrimage orchestrated

by disaffected nobility - angry and resentful at positions of Anne and Cromwell - G R Elton

31

Popular rebellion thesis - PoG

supported by Dodds - argues that it was motivated by common people's anger at religious changes

32

court faction thesis - PoG

supported by Elton - suggests that as Darcy and Hussey were members of Aragonese faction, they could've planned the rebellion

33

manipulate

P Gywn - Henry was not someone who could be easily manipulated

34

imperial ambitions

Pollard - unite Eng and Sc

but discredited by Henry's attempts to subdue Scotland

35

Wolsey did not

set out to antagonize the nobility, except when they conflicted the interests of the crown - Gwyn

36

partial control

AGR Smith - Henry only, at best, in partial control of court intrigues

37

protestant by 1547

Susan Brigden suggests by 1547 only 20% of london were Prot

38

henry had

"experienced the politics of manipulation in an acute form" - D Starkey