Flashcards in History 1st back after 1/1 Deck (15)
When was President JFK assassinated and who replaced him?
JFK was assassinated in November 1963
President Johnson took over and he was committed to Civil Rights
When was the Civil Rights Act signed and what did do?
The Civil Rights Act was signed on the 2nd July 1964.
It made it illegal for local governing bodies to discriminate against blacks in employment and housing.
What happened over the 20 months after the Civil Rights Act was signed and who encouraged this to happen?
Martin Luther King encouraged Blacks to register to vote and over the 20 months after this, 430,000 Blacks registered to vote.
What happened in Selma, Alabama in 1965?
The Selma March of 1965 lead by Martin Luther King.
This was needed because the town had a population of 29,000 and 15,000 people were black of which only 335 blacks registered to vote.
Who was Jim Clark and what role did he play in the Selma March?
And what happened?
Jim Clark was a brutal, racist Sherrif who banned the march. 600 people marched anyway (Without MLK) and as a result, the people (WHo were marching) were attacked.
The media dubbed this as "Bloody Sunday" and Americans were shocked.
What did MLK push President Johnson to do?
MLK pressured President Johnson to create the Voting Rights Act (1965) which made sure that blacks were allowed to vote.
What act was amended in 1968 and what did it include as an extra?
The Civil Rights Act of 1968 made sure that on top of the 1965 act, made sure that made sure that housing was sold/rented out (or prevented from) on the basis of race, religion, national origin or Sex.
How much did Kennedy's Housing Act spend on improving houses?
President Johnson spent an extra US$1.5bn on primary & secondary education which was ignored from the 40s
What didn't decrease during the 60s and as a result from Medicare, what incresed?
Medicare forced hospitals to increase the price of medical procedures as over 65s were free.
The percentage of people in poverty was 14% and this didn't decrease.
In 1966, how much money was set aside to improve housing quality and where was this spent?
Also, how much extra was spent on improving houses in cities?
How many new houses were built in Cities?
The Appalachian Mountains received US$1bn to improve housing quality in 1966
US$2.4bn was spent on improving houses in cities in 1965
Also in 1965, 240,000 new homes were built in cities.
What had a significant increase for both "the Great Society" and the Vietnam war and what did this lead to?
Taxes were increased in the 60s to pay for "the Great Society" but unfortunately, this increased again to pay for the Vietnam war.
This lead to people not having much disposable income to pay for extra consumer items and that poorer people didn't benefit as much as others from living in the 60s.
What was introduced during the '60s for over-65s?
What reforms did Kennedy make that were approved by Congress?
* Extension of unemployment benefits
* Aid to poor cities to improve housing and public transport
* Increase in social security benefit. (Eg: Family allowance)
* Aid to economically distressed areas.
* Expansion of rural electrification to provide help to farmers.
What were the 3 laws approved by Congress in 1964 after President Johnson took over from the now Assassinated JFK?
The Economic Opportunity Act, 1964.
* Provided training to disadvantaged youths aged 16- 21 and recruited volunteers to work and teach in low-income, slum areas.
Medicare and Medicaid, 1965
Prodiced Medical insurence for over-65s and hospital care for the poor (Many Americans who could afford it had private medical insurence)
The Development Act, 1964
Money was provided to replace inner-city slums with new homes.