Flashcards in History Deck (114)
Who was a legendary survivor of the fall of Troy who would become the founder of the Roman people?
What is the practice of public identification and official condemnation that lead to the legalized killing of many people in Rome known as?
What was the name of the woman Aeneas had a fling with in Carthage?
Who had molten gold poured down his throat after his death?
Who was killed in 43 BCE, and had his hands and head nailed on the rostra in the forum?
What nearby people did Rome fight three wars against from 343-290 BCE?
Who was known as the teenage butcher?
Which member of the 1st Triumvirate brought his popularity to the trio?
Who swiftly rid the Mediterranean of pirates in 67 BCE?
In what year was Caesar assassinated?
Who wrote the Aeneid?
Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro)
Which member of the 1st Triumvirate brought his military reputation to the trio?
Who reorganized Rome’s government, relieved Rome’s debts, gave citizenship to foreigners, and increased the size of the senate in the 1st century BCE?
What was the symbol of power adopted by the Etruscans?
The 2nd Punic war was also known as what by the Romans (because of their enemy’s general)?
On what day was Caesar killed?
The Ides of March, March 15th, 44bc
What system of government did Rome have from 753-509 BCE?
Who was quaestor in 75, Aedile in 69, praetor in 66, Consul in 63, exiled in 58, and killed in 43?
Who was one of Caesar’s most powerful allies, who helped him in Gaul and helped him beat Pompey?
Which member of the 1st Triumvirate brought his riches to the trio?
What kind of victory is one that is won at such a loss that it is practically a defeat?
After the 1st Triumvirate broke up, what orator took Pompey’s side?
Who were the more underprivileged people of Rome?
What famous Carthaginian general brought elephants over the Alps and Pyrenees to invade Rome?
What was Q. F. Maximus (the Cunctator) known for during the 2nd Punic war?
He was the delayer
Who went to war against the Parthians and died in the battle of Carrhae
Who were the members of the 1st Triumvirate?
Caesar, Crassus, Pompey
Who was asked to join the 1st Triumvirate but declined because he feared how the power of such men could undermine the Republic?
What maritime power fought against Rome in the Punic Wars?
Who was appointed “Dictator for Life” in 44 BCE?
Who fell out with Caesar in 53 BCE and eventually fled to Egypt where he was killed in 48 BCE?
What Greek general fought against the Romans in the early 3rd century BCE, and though victorious, suffered great losses from his ranks?
Who was an important historian and writer who lived from 59 BCE to 17 CE?
Livy (Titus Livius Patauinus)
Who proposed making all Latins full Roman citizens?
What was the senate house was called?
As dictator, who began proscriptions in 83 BCE?
What leader of nearby Clusium led a siege against Rome beginning in 509 BCE?
Who was the last king of Rome?
What two brothers in the mid-republic kept grain prices low?
Who was born in the patrician class in 138 BCE but was not from a wealthy family?
Who had a fling with Cleopatra and became the father of Caesarion?
The Romans seized the women of what neighboring tribe around 750 BCE when they realized they didn’t have enough women of their own?
Who has a fling with the founder and Queen of Carthage, Dido, while on his way to completing his destiny?
Who had a close friend, whom he wrote often, named Atticus?
Who was part of the second Triumvirate?
Marcus Antonius/ Lepadus/ Octvius
Who fought as a quaestor under Gaius Marius in a war against Jugurtha in northern Africa in 111-107 BCE?
What River was Rome founded next to?
Who is the first King of Rome?
Who was defeated at the Battle of Actium?
What tablets written in 450 BCE provided a list of 12 rights and procedures that would be accorded equally to all Romans?
Whose army defeated Mithridates, the king on Pontus, in 63 BCE
Who were the main instigators of the assassination of Caesar?
Who carried his father and household gods from the burning remains of Troy while leading his son behind him?
What two boys, the sons of the rightful king of Alba Longa, were nursed by a wolf and raised by a shepherd and his wife?
What ancient people lived north and west of Rome and influenced the Romans in regard to their writing system, architecture, and even their politics?
What people of central Europe raided Etruria in 391 BCE and sacked Rome soon after in 387 BCE
Who crossed the Rubicon and marched on Rome in 49 BCE
What two ways did Crassus become rich?
Buying burning homes/ proscriptions
Who fought against Pompey in a civil war?
3000 supporters of whom were killed after this person committed suicide in 121 BCE?
What two brothers in the mid-Republic were popular with the common people for their land laws?
In what year was the Roman Republic founded?
Who was killed in 133 BCE by a fellow tribune?
Whose precedent did Caesar look to when crossing the Rubicon and marching on Rome?
Who was the founder of Rome?
How many wars did Rome fight against Carthage?
What woman was raped by the son of the 7th king of Rome?
Who had a large theatre built and named after himself (Caesar would be killed near this theatre)?
What woman betrayed the Romans and let enemies into Rome in the 8th century BCE (and now there’s a rock named after her from which she was thrown off)?
In what Battle did Scipio Africanus defeat Hannibal’s Army in North Africa?
Battle of Zama
Who is the most famous orator of the late Republic?
A dispute over control of what island started the first Punic War?
Sicily (Carthage, Rome, and Syracuse were fighting over it)
List at least 2 effects on Carthage of the end of the Punic War
Rome said that Carthage could not go to war with out their permission.
Rome claimed their territory.
They had to pay money to Rome.
They destroyed the Carthaginian ships.
Name at least two islands that Rome gained control of after the 1st Punic War.
Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia
In what wars did Rome fight against Carthage?
The Punic Wars
In what year was Rome founded?
Who was temporarily exiled to Thessalonica in Greece (where be often bemoaned his fate) in 58 BCE?
What mountain range runs down the length of Italy?
Who made laws that undermined the power of the Roman Senate in the second century BCE?
Who had Caesar’s assassins killed?
Who fought a successful war against Gaul in the 50’s BCE?
Who reorganized the Roman Calendar in the 1st century BCE?
Into what three sections did the second Triumvirate spilt up the Empire?
East, West, and Africa
What was the name of a slave who led a slave revolt in 71 BCE?
In what century did the Gracchi brothers live (specify BCE or CE)?
2nd century BC
Who took the credit for ending the slave revolt of Sparticus in 71 BCE?
What Roman general successfully defeated Carthage in the 2nd Punic Wars?
What two cities did Rome destroy in one year (146 BCE)
Carthage and Corinth
Which of the Gracchi brothers was the elder?
Who revived the position of Dictator (not used since the Punic Wars) and became dictator?
Name two important hills of Rome.
Capitoline Hill/ Palatine Hill
Whose nickname means “Chickpea” for the chickpea shaped growth on his nose?
What system of government did Rome have from 509-27 BCE
The descendants of the first 100 senators would make up which class of Romans?
In what major way did Rome change the way it fought wars after (and because of) the Punic Wars?
Rome developed a navy (boats with bridges)
What was the term for one of a pair of elected Roman leaders that served for only one year and had imperium?
Who convinced King Bocchus I of Mauretania to betray his own son-in-Law, Jugurtha
Name at least one battle that was a significant defeat for Rome during the 2nd Punic War.
Lake Trasimene/ Canniea
Who was a famous Roman poet who lived from 70 BCE – 19 BCE?
Who was a famous philosopher, lawyer, politician, and lover of the Republic?
What were the first names of the Gracchi brothers?
Tiberius and Gaius G.
What two famous generals fought against the Cimbri and Teutonēs (Germanic Tribes) in 104 BCE?
Who became one of the richest people in history?
Who held off an army from Rome by fighting alone on the Pons Sublicius?
Horotius Cocles (stood on the bridge and fought all of the people
Who led the Romans in a rebellion against the Tarquins
What hill was the legendary location where Romulus and Remus were nursed, and where many rich and influential Romans built their homes later on?
Who marched on Rome and took it by force in 88 BCE?
Who was assassinated in 44 BCE by the Roman Senate?
Who was one of Rome’s most successful generals during the Social Wars of 91-87 BCE?
Who became dictator several times in the 40’s BCE?
Who committed suicide when threatened with death in 121 BCE?
Who had an affair with Cleopatra that led to their having twins?
Who wrote the history of Rome (Ab Urbe Condita)?