History Flashcards Preview

Latin > History > Flashcards

Flashcards in History Deck (114)
Loading flashcards...
0

Who was a legendary survivor of the fall of Troy who would become the founder of the Roman people?

Aeneas

1

What is the practice of public identification and official condemnation that lead to the legalized killing of many people in Rome known as?

Proscriptions

2

What was the name of the woman Aeneas had a fling with in Carthage?

Dido

3

Who had molten gold poured down his throat after his death?

Crassus

4

Who was killed in 43 BCE, and had his hands and head nailed on the rostra in the forum?

Cicero

5

What nearby people did Rome fight three wars against from 343-290 BCE?

Samnites

6

Who was known as the teenage butcher?

Pompey

7

Which member of the 1st Triumvirate brought his popularity to the trio?

Caesar

8

Who swiftly rid the Mediterranean of pirates in 67 BCE?

Pompey

9

In what year was Caesar assassinated?

44 BC

10

Who wrote the Aeneid?

Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro)

11

Which member of the 1st Triumvirate brought his military reputation to the trio?

Pompey

12

Who reorganized Rome’s government, relieved Rome’s debts, gave citizenship to foreigners, and increased the size of the senate in the 1st century BCE?

Caesar

13

What was the symbol of power adopted by the Etruscans?

Fasces

14

The 2nd Punic war was also known as what by the Romans (because of their enemy’s general)?

Hanibalic Wars

15

On what day was Caesar killed?

The Ides of March, March 15th, 44bc

16

What system of government did Rome have from 753-509 BCE?

The monarchy

17

Who was quaestor in 75, Aedile in 69, praetor in 66, Consul in 63, exiled in 58, and killed in 43?

Cicero

18

Who was one of Caesar’s most powerful allies, who helped him in Gaul and helped him beat Pompey?

Antonius

19

Which member of the 1st Triumvirate brought his riches to the trio?

Crassus

20

What kind of victory is one that is won at such a loss that it is practically a defeat?

Pyrrhic victory

21

After the 1st Triumvirate broke up, what orator took Pompey’s side?

Cicero

22

Who were the more underprivileged people of Rome?

Plebeians

23

What famous Carthaginian general brought elephants over the Alps and Pyrenees to invade Rome?

Hannibal

24

What was Q. F. Maximus (the Cunctator) known for during the 2nd Punic war?

He was the delayer

25

Who went to war against the Parthians and died in the battle of Carrhae

Crassus

26

Who were the members of the 1st Triumvirate?

Caesar, Crassus, Pompey

27

Who was asked to join the 1st Triumvirate but declined because he feared how the power of such men could undermine the Republic?

Cicero

28

What maritime power fought against Rome in the Punic Wars?

Carthage

29

Who was appointed “Dictator for Life” in 44 BCE?

Caesar

30

Who fell out with Caesar in 53 BCE and eventually fled to Egypt where he was killed in 48 BCE?

Pompey

31

What Greek general fought against the Romans in the early 3rd century BCE, and though victorious, suffered great losses from his ranks?

Pyrrhus

32

Who was an important historian and writer who lived from 59 BCE to 17 CE?

Livy (Titus Livius Patauinus)

33

Who proposed making all Latins full Roman citizens?

Giaus G.

34

What was the senate house was called?

Curia

35

As dictator, who began proscriptions in 83 BCE?

Sulla

36

What leader of nearby Clusium led a siege against Rome beginning in 509 BCE?

Lars Porsenna

37

Who was the last king of Rome?

Tarquinius Superbus

38

What two brothers in the mid-republic kept grain prices low?

Gracchi Brothers

39

Who was born in the patrician class in 138 BCE but was not from a wealthy family?

Sulla

40

Who had a fling with Cleopatra and became the father of Caesarion?

Caesar

41

The Romans seized the women of what neighboring tribe around 750 BCE when they realized they didn’t have enough women of their own?

Sabines

42

Who has a fling with the founder and Queen of Carthage, Dido, while on his way to completing his destiny?

Aeneas

43

Who had a close friend, whom he wrote often, named Atticus?

Cicero

44

Who was part of the second Triumvirate?

Marcus Antonius/ Lepadus/ Octvius

45

Who fought as a quaestor under Gaius Marius in a war against Jugurtha in northern Africa in 111-107 BCE?

Sulla

46

What River was Rome founded next to?

Tiber

47

Who is the first King of Rome?

Romulus

48

Who was defeated at the Battle of Actium?

Marc Anthony

49

What tablets written in 450 BCE provided a list of 12 rights and procedures that would be accorded equally to all Romans?

12 tables

50

Whose army defeated Mithridates, the king on Pontus, in 63 BCE

Pompey

51

Who were the main instigators of the assassination of Caesar?

Brutus/ Crassus

52

Who carried his father and household gods from the burning remains of Troy while leading his son behind him?

Aeneas

53

What two boys, the sons of the rightful king of Alba Longa, were nursed by a wolf and raised by a shepherd and his wife?

Romulus/ Remus

54

What ancient people lived north and west of Rome and influenced the Romans in regard to their writing system, architecture, and even their politics?

Etruscans

55

What people of central Europe raided Etruria in 391 BCE and sacked Rome soon after in 387 BCE

Celts/ Gauls

56

Who crossed the Rubicon and marched on Rome in 49 BCE

Caesar

57

What two ways did Crassus become rich?

Buying burning homes/ proscriptions

58

Who fought against Pompey in a civil war?

Caesar

59

3000 supporters of whom were killed after this person committed suicide in 121 BCE?

Giaus G.

60

What two brothers in the mid-Republic were popular with the common people for their land laws?

Gracchi Brothers

61

In what year was the Roman Republic founded?

509 BC

62

Who was killed in 133 BCE by a fellow tribune?

Tiberius G.

63

Whose precedent did Caesar look to when crossing the Rubicon and marching on Rome?

Sulla

64

Who was the founder of Rome?

Romulus

65

How many wars did Rome fight against Carthage?

3

66

What woman was raped by the son of the 7th king of Rome?

Lucricia

67

Who had a large theatre built and named after himself (Caesar would be killed near this theatre)?

Pompey

68

What woman betrayed the Romans and let enemies into Rome in the 8th century BCE (and now there’s a rock named after her from which she was thrown off)?

Tarpeia

69

In what Battle did Scipio Africanus defeat Hannibal’s Army in North Africa?

Battle of Zama

70

Who is the most famous orator of the late Republic?

Cicero

71

A dispute over control of what island started the first Punic War?

Sicily (Carthage, Rome, and Syracuse were fighting over it)

72

List at least 2 effects on Carthage of the end of the Punic War

Rome said that Carthage could not go to war with out their permission.
Rome claimed their territory.
They had to pay money to Rome.
They destroyed the Carthaginian ships.

73

Name at least two islands that Rome gained control of after the 1st Punic War.

Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia

74

In what wars did Rome fight against Carthage?

The Punic Wars

75

In what year was Rome founded?

753 BC

76

Who was temporarily exiled to Thessalonica in Greece (where be often bemoaned his fate) in 58 BCE?

Cicero

77

What mountain range runs down the length of Italy?

Appenines

78

Who made laws that undermined the power of the Roman Senate in the second century BCE?

Gracchi Brothers

79

Who had Caesar’s assassins killed?

Marc Anthony

80

Who fought a successful war against Gaul in the 50’s BCE?

Caesar

81

Who reorganized the Roman Calendar in the 1st century BCE?

Caesar

82

Into what three sections did the second Triumvirate spilt up the Empire?

East, West, and Africa

83

What was the name of a slave who led a slave revolt in 71 BCE?

Sparticus

84

In what century did the Gracchi brothers live (specify BCE or CE)?

2nd century BC

85

Who took the credit for ending the slave revolt of Sparticus in 71 BCE?

Pompey

86

What Roman general successfully defeated Carthage in the 2nd Punic Wars?

Scipio Africanis

87

What two cities did Rome destroy in one year (146 BCE)

Carthage and Corinth

88

Which of the Gracchi brothers was the elder?

Tiberius

89

Who revived the position of Dictator (not used since the Punic Wars) and became dictator?

Sulla

90

Name two important hills of Rome.

Capitoline Hill/ Palatine Hill

91

Whose nickname means “Chickpea” for the chickpea shaped growth on his nose?

Cicero

92

What system of government did Rome have from 509-27 BCE

Republic

93

The descendants of the first 100 senators would make up which class of Romans?

Paticians

94

In what major way did Rome change the way it fought wars after (and because of) the Punic Wars?

Rome developed a navy (boats with bridges)

95

What was the term for one of a pair of elected Roman leaders that served for only one year and had imperium?

Consul

96

Who convinced King Bocchus I of Mauretania to betray his own son-in-Law, Jugurtha

Sulla

97

Name at least one battle that was a significant defeat for Rome during the 2nd Punic War.

Lake Trasimene/ Canniea

98

Who was a famous Roman poet who lived from 70 BCE – 19 BCE?

Virgil

99

Who was a famous philosopher, lawyer, politician, and lover of the Republic?

Cicero

100

What were the first names of the Gracchi brothers?

Tiberius and Gaius G.

101

What two famous generals fought against the Cimbri and Teutonēs (Germanic Tribes) in 104 BCE?

Sulla/ Marius

102

Who became one of the richest people in history?

Crassus

103

Who held off an army from Rome by fighting alone on the Pons Sublicius?

Horotius Cocles (stood on the bridge and fought all of the people

104

Who led the Romans in a rebellion against the Tarquins

Lucius Brutius

105

What hill was the legendary location where Romulus and Remus were nursed, and where many rich and influential Romans built their homes later on?

Palatine Hill

106

Who marched on Rome and took it by force in 88 BCE?

Sulla

107

Who was assassinated in 44 BCE by the Roman Senate?

Caesar

108

Who was one of Rome’s most successful generals during the Social Wars of 91-87 BCE?

Sulla

109

Who became dictator several times in the 40’s BCE?

Caesar

110

Who committed suicide when threatened with death in 121 BCE?

Giaus G

111

Who had an affair with Cleopatra that led to their having twins?

Marc Anthony

112

Who wrote the history of Rome (Ab Urbe Condita)?

Livly

113

What were 5 famous wars?

Zamma
End of the 2nd Punic War
Lake Trasimene
Cannae
Carhaie