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Flashcards in History Deck (19):
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Antebellum

the time period before the civil war

1

Manifest destiny

the 19th century belief that America was destined to spread across the continent

2

secede

to formally withdraw from an alliance, union, or country

3

Popular sovereignty

the principle that the authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power.

4

abolition

the action or an act of abolishing a system, practice, or institution

5

Who coined the term manifest destiny and why did he believe it was justified

John O Sullivan- it was america's divine right

6

How did the cotton gin bring a resurgence in the need for slaves in the south

it made cotton picking a lot more efficient and profitable and cotton could be grown on a larger scale

7

Why did the Union struggle against the South despite the fact they had a larger and better equipped army?

the Confederacy's generals were better than the North's because seven out of eight military schools were in the South

8

What was the original reason for the start of the Civil War?

the Confederacy felt like the US was encroaching on their rights, especially when Lincoln won the 1860 election.

9

Why were the Emancipation Proclaimation and the Gettysburg Address essential to changing the Civil War?

they made the war about ending slavery and basic human rights.

10

John Brown

white abolitionist who led a failed raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia

11

Elijah Lovejoy

abolitionist newspaper editor who was killed in Alton, IL

12

Marcus and Narcissa Whitman

missionaries who established oregon trail

13

Abraham Lincoln

abolitionist and 16th president of the United States who led the union during the Civil War

14

The Great Comromisers

Henry Clay, John C calhoun, Steven A douglass, Buchannan
played a huge part in preventing war during the antebellum period

15

General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

Mexican politician and general who fought against texas in the Texas revolution and was ultimately defeated

16

General Ulysses S. Grant

general in the civil war who led the union army to victory

17

Joseph Smith

religious leader who founded mormonism, wrote the Book of Mormon

18

Angelina Grimke

southern abolitionist and women's rights advocate