Flashcards in History Deck (22):
What is commercial farming?
Commercial farming was farming for money
They would create a surplus to sell
What is a cash crop?
A cash crop was a crop that was used by farmers' families
They were also sold overseas and in colonial markets
What is a plantation?
A plantation is a large farm located on rivers(crops could be shipped to the market by boat)
A plantation was a self-contained community
A plantation included slave cabins, barns, stables, shops, storerooms, kitchens, a chapel, and a school
A plantation had lots of fields
What was indigo?
Indigo was an important crop
It was developed by a young women named Eliza in the 1740s
Indigo was a blue flowering plant
Indigo was used to dye textiles
What was an indentured servant?
Indentured servants were people who agreed to work without pay for a certain length of time, in exchange for their passage to America
Why was farming difficult in colonial New England?
Thin, rocky soil
List New England's most important natural resources that could be sold for profit
What is subsistence farming?
Subsistence farming is when you produce just enough to meet your needs, with a little left over to sell or exchange
What is export?
Export means to sell abroad
What was the triangular trade?
The triangular trade were trade routes that formed a triangle
One route: It ran from the West Indies to New England to West Africa
What was the Middle Passage?
The Middle Passage was when enslaved Africans were shipped to the West Indies
What was mercantilism?
Mercantilism is the theory that the colony's power depends on its wealth
What was the Navigation Acts?
Navigation Acts directed the trade between England and the colonies
They were trade laws and restrictions
Colonists liked it at first because they were able to sell their materials
Later, merchants wanted to make their own food and sell their products where they could get higher prices
Navigation Acts prevented the colonists from sending certain products outside the area
What is economy?
Economy is the way people use resources to make a living
What is topography?
Shape of the land
What is trade?
Trade is the exchange of goods
What was the iron act?
Colonists could produce pig iron or bar iron but not finished products
What were flour mills used for?
To grind grain
What was a yeoman farmer?
A small independent commercial farmer who owns his own land but has no slaves
What is a caste?
A legally established and inherited social class
What is chattel?
Property you can transport with