History Flashcards Preview

Stuff > History > Flashcards

Flashcards in History Deck (22):
1

What is commercial farming?

Commercial farming was farming for money
They would create a surplus to sell

2

What is a cash crop?

A cash crop was a crop that was used by farmers' families
They were also sold overseas and in colonial markets

3

What is a plantation?

A plantation is a large farm located on rivers(crops could be shipped to the market by boat)
A plantation was a self-contained community
A plantation included slave cabins, barns, stables, shops, storerooms, kitchens, a chapel, and a school
A plantation had lots of fields

4

What was indigo?

Indigo was an important crop
It was developed by a young women named Eliza in the 1740s
Indigo was a blue flowering plant
Indigo was used to dye textiles

5

What was an indentured servant?

Indentured servants were people who agreed to work without pay for a certain length of time, in exchange for their passage to America

6

Why was farming difficult in colonial New England?

Long winters
Thin, rocky soil

7

List New England's most important natural resources that could be sold for profit

Fish
Furs
Timber

8

What is subsistence farming?

Subsistence farming is when you produce just enough to meet your needs, with a little left over to sell or exchange

9

What is export?

Export means to sell abroad

10

What was the triangular trade?

The triangular trade were trade routes that formed a triangle
One route: It ran from the West Indies to New England to West Africa

11

What was the Middle Passage?

The Middle Passage was when enslaved Africans were shipped to the West Indies

12

What was mercantilism?

Mercantilism is the theory that the colony's power depends on its wealth

13

What was the Navigation Acts?

Navigation Acts directed the trade between England and the colonies
They were trade laws and restrictions
Colonists liked it at first because they were able to sell their materials
Later, merchants wanted to make their own food and sell their products where they could get higher prices
Navigation Acts prevented the colonists from sending certain products outside the area

14

What is economy?

Economy is the way people use resources to make a living

15

What is topography?

Shape of the land

16

What is trade?

Trade is the exchange of goods

17

What was the iron act?

Colonists could produce pig iron or bar iron but not finished products

18

What were flour mills used for?

To grind grain

19

What was a yeoman farmer?

A small independent commercial farmer who owns his own land but has no slaves

20

What is a caste?

A legally established and inherited social class

21

What is chattel?

Property you can transport with

22

What were slave codes?

Laws passed to regulate and force slavery