History: chapter 22 test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in History: chapter 22 test Deck (52):
1

___ was the United States’ main goal in Vietnam.

Containing the spread of communism

2

___ served as the commander of U.S. troops in Vietnam.

William Westmoreland

3

In the early years of the war, a young man could automatically be deferred from the draft by ___.

enrolling in college

4

___ did not occur in 1968.

The U.S. invasion of Cambodia

5

___ set off the first general student strike in U.S. history.

The invasion of Cambodia

6

After World War II, the United States aided ___ in its efforts to keep control of Vietnam.

France

7

___ enabled North Vietnam to send troops to South Vietnam.

The Ho Chi Minh Trail

8

The main purpose of the War Powers Act was to ___.

restrict the power of the president

9

___, founded by Tom Hayden and Al Haber, charged that corporations and large government institutions had taken over America.

Students for a Democratic Society

10

___ was/were most effective in convincing the American public that the war was not winnable.

The Tet Offensive

11

Approximately how many miles did the main part of the Ho Chi Minh trail cover?

450

12

Which country bordered North Vietnam on the north?

China

13

What city did the North Vietnamese capture that caused South Vietnam to surrender?

Saigon

14

Which of the following cities lies closest to the border between North and South Vietnam?

Quang Tri

15

Which country lies directly northwest of Saigon?

Cambodia

16

what percentage of americans favored immediate withdrawl of troops from vietnam?

36%

17

What percent of Midwesterners opposed immediate withdrawal of troops from Vietnam?

63%

18

In which region of the country did the greatest percent of people favor immediate withdrawal?

East

19

In which of the following categories did the greatest percent of people oppose immediate withdrawal?

suburbs

20

In which of the following categories were people almost evenly divided between support and opposition?

cities

21

president who used the Tonkin Gulf incident as an excuse to deepen U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War

Lyndon Johnson

22

Vietnamese forces that were supported by American troops

Army of the Republic of Vietnam

23

Americans who supported strong U.S. military efforts in Vietnam

hawks

24

top U.S. negotiator on Vietnam during Nixon’s presidency

Henry Kissinger

25

South Vietnamese citizens who fought against the South Vietnamese government and American forces

Vietcong

26

Communist leader of the Vietnamese struggle against the French, the Japanese, and the Americans

Ho Chi Minh

27

U.S. president responsible for the Vietnamization of the war

Richard Nixon

28

Communist group that took control of Cambodia in 1975

Khmer Rouge

29

political organization whose goal was to win Vietnam’s independence from foreign rule

Vietminh

30

organization led by Mario Savio that focused its criticism on the nation’s faceless and powerful institutions

Free Speech Movement

31

Which cities did the United States target in massive bombing attacks in December 1972?

Hanoi and Haiphong

32

Which country lies north and east of Vinh?

China

33

Approximately how many miles would troops have to travel from Hanoi to Saigon using the Ho Chi Minh Trail?

450

34

Which statement accurately describes the Ho Chi Minh Trail?

It connected the capital of North Vietnam to points south.

35

Locate Ben Tre on the map. Why might the United States have conducted a “search-and-destroy mission” at this location?

There may have been Vietminh and Vietcong in Ben Tre.

36

What percent of Americans between the ages of 30 and 49 opposed immediate withdrawal from Vietnam in 1969?

59%

37

Which region of the country had the most support for immediate withdrawal?

East

38

Which category of people on the chart had the least opposition to immediate withdrawal?

East

39

Which category had the greatest percent of people who were unsure about their opinion?

age 50 and over

40

Which of the following statements is supported by the chart?

Opposition to the war was greatest among people in the midwest.

41

In your opinion, why did so many Americans, sooner or later, come to oppose U.S. involvement in Vietnam? Think About:
• the reasons for U.S. involvement
• the role of television in shaping public opinion
• the costs of the war
• beliefs about whether the war could be won
• the impact of the Pentagon Papers

America became more and more involved with the war because they were helping france the french with massive economic and military support. They continued to get involved with the war because they were trying to stop the spread of communism. Before they started doubting the fact that they were going to win the war but then eventually they started to trust the government and believed that they were going to win. Also, the pentagon papers confirmed american beliefs that the government wasn't honest about their war intentions. That's why i think america was getting more and more involved with the war.

42

What important lessons about modern warfare did the Vietnam War offer the United States? Explain your ideas. Think About:
• how the U.S. assessed the capabilities of the Vietcong
• the effectiveness of bombing campaigns against entrenched forces
• the role of the United States as the world’s police force
• involvement in other country’s civil wars
• the importance of soldiers’ feeling personally committed to a struggle

The capability of small rebel forces should not be underestimated, as the United States did with the Vietcong. The effects of bombs should not be overestimated, as the United States did by relying heavily on bombing campaigns. The ability of the United States to police the world is limited, as we learned when it failed to force the Vietnamese to do what it wanted. Patriotism and nationalism make a people strong, as we learned when the
United States attempted to bomb these feelings out of the North Vietnamese and the Vietcong. It’s best to avoid fighting in another nation’s civil war. Outsiders naturally care less about the outcome than the warring parties do
and are willing to sacrifice less. In Vietnam, the battle for their survival and were willing to pay any price for victory.

43

In the 1968 presidential campaign, which of the following candidates would a dove most likely have favored?

Eugene McCarthy

44

Which of the following did President Nixon say would bring about “peace with honor” in Vietnam?

the Vietnamization of the war

45

Why did Congress pass the War Powers Act?

to limit the president’s authority to wage war

46

Which president asked Congress for the Tonkin Gulf Resolution?

Lyndon Johnson

47

What was the main purpose of introducing the “body count”?

to persuade Americans that a Vietcong surrender was imminent

48

Which of the following statements regarding the Democratic candidates for president in the 1968 election is true?

Hubert Humphrey was guaranteed the party’s nomination before the national convention took place.

49

Which administration’s efforts to mislead the American people were revealed by the publication of the Pentagon Papers?

Lyndon Johnson’s

50

Which of the following statements best defines the domino theory?

If one country falls to communism, others in the region will fall, too.

51

Against whom did the ARVN fight?

North Vietnam

52

Which statement best summarizes the opinion of Martin Luther King, Jr., about African-American troops in the Vietnam War?

He believed it was unfair that they were fighting for a country that treated them unfairly at home.