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Flashcards in History: chapter 22 test Deck (52)
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1

___ was the United States’ main goal in Vietnam.

Containing the spread of communism

2

___ served as the commander of U.S. troops in Vietnam.

William Westmoreland

3

In the early years of the war, a young man could automatically be deferred from the draft by ___.

enrolling in college

4

___ did not occur in 1968.

The U.S. invasion of Cambodia

5

___ set off the first general student strike in U.S. history.

The invasion of Cambodia

6

After World War II, the United States aided ___ in its efforts to keep control of Vietnam.

France

7

___ enabled North Vietnam to send troops to South Vietnam.

The Ho Chi Minh Trail

8

The main purpose of the War Powers Act was to ___.

restrict the power of the president

9

___, founded by Tom Hayden and Al Haber, charged that corporations and large government institutions had taken over America.

Students for a Democratic Society

10

___ was/were most effective in convincing the American public that the war was not winnable.

The Tet Offensive

11

Approximately how many miles did the main part of the Ho Chi Minh trail cover?

450

12

Which country bordered North Vietnam on the north?

China

13

What city did the North Vietnamese capture that caused South Vietnam to surrender?

Saigon

14

Which of the following cities lies closest to the border between North and South Vietnam?

Quang Tri

15

Which country lies directly northwest of Saigon?

Cambodia

16

what percentage of americans favored immediate withdrawl of troops from vietnam?

36%

17

What percent of Midwesterners opposed immediate withdrawal of troops from Vietnam?

63%

18

In which region of the country did the greatest percent of people favor immediate withdrawal?

East

19

In which of the following categories did the greatest percent of people oppose immediate withdrawal?

suburbs

20

In which of the following categories were people almost evenly divided between support and opposition?

cities

21

president who used the Tonkin Gulf incident as an excuse to deepen U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War

Lyndon Johnson

22

Vietnamese forces that were supported by American troops

Army of the Republic of Vietnam

23

Americans who supported strong U.S. military efforts in Vietnam

hawks

24

top U.S. negotiator on Vietnam during Nixon’s presidency

Henry Kissinger

25

South Vietnamese citizens who fought against the South Vietnamese government and American forces

Vietcong

26

Communist leader of the Vietnamese struggle against the French, the Japanese, and the Americans

Ho Chi Minh

27

U.S. president responsible for the Vietnamization of the war

Richard Nixon

28

Communist group that took control of Cambodia in 1975

Khmer Rouge

29

political organization whose goal was to win Vietnam’s independence from foreign rule

Vietminh

30

organization led by Mario Savio that focused its criticism on the nation’s faceless and powerful institutions

Free Speech Movement