Flashcards in History: chapter 22 test Deck (52):
___ was the United States’ main goal in Vietnam.
Containing the spread of communism
___ served as the commander of U.S. troops in Vietnam.
In the early years of the war, a young man could automatically be deferred from the draft by ___.
enrolling in college
___ did not occur in 1968.
The U.S. invasion of Cambodia
___ set off the first general student strike in U.S. history.
The invasion of Cambodia
After World War II, the United States aided ___ in its efforts to keep control of Vietnam.
___ enabled North Vietnam to send troops to South Vietnam.
The Ho Chi Minh Trail
The main purpose of the War Powers Act was to ___.
restrict the power of the president
___, founded by Tom Hayden and Al Haber, charged that corporations and large government institutions had taken over America.
Students for a Democratic Society
___ was/were most effective in convincing the American public that the war was not winnable.
The Tet Offensive
Approximately how many miles did the main part of the Ho Chi Minh trail cover?
Which country bordered North Vietnam on the north?
What city did the North Vietnamese capture that caused South Vietnam to surrender?
Which of the following cities lies closest to the border between North and South Vietnam?
Which country lies directly northwest of Saigon?
what percentage of americans favored immediate withdrawl of troops from vietnam?
What percent of Midwesterners opposed immediate withdrawal of troops from Vietnam?
In which region of the country did the greatest percent of people favor immediate withdrawal?
In which of the following categories did the greatest percent of people oppose immediate withdrawal?
In which of the following categories were people almost evenly divided between support and opposition?
president who used the Tonkin Gulf incident as an excuse to deepen U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War
Vietnamese forces that were supported by American troops
Army of the Republic of Vietnam
Americans who supported strong U.S. military efforts in Vietnam
top U.S. negotiator on Vietnam during Nixon’s presidency
South Vietnamese citizens who fought against the South Vietnamese government and American forces
Communist leader of the Vietnamese struggle against the French, the Japanese, and the Americans
Ho Chi Minh
U.S. president responsible for the Vietnamization of the war
Communist group that took control of Cambodia in 1975
political organization whose goal was to win Vietnam’s independence from foreign rule
organization led by Mario Savio that focused its criticism on the nation’s faceless and powerful institutions
Free Speech Movement
Which cities did the United States target in massive bombing attacks in December 1972?
Hanoi and Haiphong
Which country lies north and east of Vinh?
Approximately how many miles would troops have to travel from Hanoi to Saigon using the Ho Chi Minh Trail?
Which statement accurately describes the Ho Chi Minh Trail?
It connected the capital of North Vietnam to points south.
Locate Ben Tre on the map. Why might the United States have conducted a “search-and-destroy mission” at this location?
There may have been Vietminh and Vietcong in Ben Tre.
What percent of Americans between the ages of 30 and 49 opposed immediate withdrawal from Vietnam in 1969?
Which region of the country had the most support for immediate withdrawal?
Which category of people on the chart had the least opposition to immediate withdrawal?
Which category had the greatest percent of people who were unsure about their opinion?
age 50 and over
Which of the following statements is supported by the chart?
Opposition to the war was greatest among people in the midwest.
In your opinion, why did so many Americans, sooner or later, come to oppose U.S. involvement in Vietnam? Think About:
• the reasons for U.S. involvement
• the role of television in shaping public opinion
• the costs of the war
• beliefs about whether the war could be won
• the impact of the Pentagon Papers
America became more and more involved with the war because they were helping france the french with massive economic and military support. They continued to get involved with the war because they were trying to stop the spread of communism. Before they started doubting the fact that they were going to win the war but then eventually they started to trust the government and believed that they were going to win. Also, the pentagon papers confirmed american beliefs that the government wasn't honest about their war intentions. That's why i think america was getting more and more involved with the war.
What important lessons about modern warfare did the Vietnam War offer the United States? Explain your ideas. Think About:
• how the U.S. assessed the capabilities of the Vietcong
• the effectiveness of bombing campaigns against entrenched forces
• the role of the United States as the world’s police force
• involvement in other country’s civil wars
• the importance of soldiers’ feeling personally committed to a struggle
The capability of small rebel forces should not be underestimated, as the United States did with the Vietcong. The effects of bombs should not be overestimated, as the United States did by relying heavily on bombing campaigns. The ability of the United States to police the world is limited, as we learned when it failed to force the Vietnamese to do what it wanted. Patriotism and nationalism make a people strong, as we learned when the
United States attempted to bomb these feelings out of the North Vietnamese and the Vietcong. It’s best to avoid fighting in another nation’s civil war. Outsiders naturally care less about the outcome than the warring parties do
and are willing to sacrifice less. In Vietnam, the battle for their survival and were willing to pay any price for victory.
In the 1968 presidential campaign, which of the following candidates would a dove most likely have favored?
Which of the following did President Nixon say would bring about “peace with honor” in Vietnam?
the Vietnamization of the war
Why did Congress pass the War Powers Act?
to limit the president’s authority to wage war
Which president asked Congress for the Tonkin Gulf Resolution?
What was the main purpose of introducing the “body count”?
to persuade Americans that a Vietcong surrender was imminent
Which of the following statements regarding the Democratic candidates for president in the 1968 election is true?
Hubert Humphrey was guaranteed the party’s nomination before the national convention took place.
Which administration’s efforts to mislead the American people were revealed by the publication of the Pentagon Papers?
Which of the following statements best defines the domino theory?
If one country falls to communism, others in the region will fall, too.
Against whom did the ARVN fight?