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Flashcards in history chpt. 3&4 test Deck (51):
0

The daughter of chief Powhatan, wife of John Rolfe, supposedly saved John Smith, and her Christian name was Rebecca

Pocahontas

1

Father of Pocahontas, chief of _______, helped the early English

Powhatan

2

Wampanoag Indian, was taken as a slave and lived in England for a while, helped the early Plymouth colonist and taught them how to farm, spoke English.

Squanto

3

Introduced tobacco to Jamestown, husband of Pocahontas

John Rolfe

4

Adventurer, member of the council, wrote about his adventures and was always the hero, the settlers set off his powder horn and it exploded and severely damaged his leg. He also mapped from the Carolinas to New England

John smith

5

Governor of Plymouth colony, he composed the mayflower compact that told how they would plan their colony

William Bradford

6

Governor the Dominion of New England; he was a hated man for a while because he took away their land, charters, and he said they didn't have to go to church to vote. He was arrested and sent back to England

Edmund Andros

7

Wrote two treatises of government, said all people are entitled to natural rights: life, liberty, and property (things that belong to you)

John Locke

8

Founded Georgia, was a general, brought the first former prisoners to America to found a colony to give them a new start

James Oglethorpe

9

Led a revolt for backcountry farmers because they were being taxed to death and the government wouldn't protect them from the natives.

Nathaniel Bacon

10

Founded Pennsylvania, he was a Quaker and a pacifists, he got the charter because the king owed his father money. Pennsylvania means Penn's Woods

Willian Penn

11

He brought the first colonist to Roanoke island and was one of Elizabeth I favorites.

Walter Raleigh

12

Founded Massachusetts Bay Colony, his the charter, wanted the colony to be an example for Puritans

John Winthrop

13

Founded Rhode Island

Roger Williams

14

Founded Connecticut

Thomas Hooker

15

She was exiled from Massachusetts because she believed that God told her which priests were godly and which were not

Anne Hutchinson

16

First English settlement in North America

Roanoke

17

First permanent settlement in North America

Jamestown

18

Founded by William Bradford and a group of puritans

Plymouth

19

Both Maryland and Virginia boarded this place with many ports. It was a very important shipping source

Chesapeake Bay

20

The place on the east coast where the rivers were so deep the tides affected the water levels so they could dock while the tide was high and get out before it went down.

Tidewater

21

A shallow area off the coast of Massachusetts and there is lots of plankton which made fishing great

Grand Banks

22

Name New England Colonies

New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut

23

Name the Middle Colonies

New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware

24

Name the South Colonies

Georgia, Virginia, Maryland, South Carolina, North Carolina

25

Navigation and Staple Act Rules

All ships had to go through England, all exports from the colonies had to go through England. Staple Act-all exports and imports had to go through England's, and the ship had to be filled with 75% of english crewmen

26

Problems in Jamestown

Couldn't farm because they were city people, didn't have clean water, they thought by using the tool to drill their heads would let their diseases out, it was swampy so it was filled with mosquitoes and diseases. John smith saved their government because their council didn't do a good job of governing.

27

It was the government for Virginia and was the first representative government in America

Virginia House of Burgesses

28

A plan for government, first in America
(written by William Bradford)

Mayflower Compact

29

First written constitution in America

Fundamental Order of Connecticut

30

When William and Mary took the throne so there would not be a bloody war with James II; revolution with no war or conflict

Glorious Revolution

31

The leg of the triangular trade that brought slaves from Africa to America

Middle Passage

32

James II took away Massachusetts charter and combined it with the other colonies under the Kings rule which made up ......

Dominion of New England

33

Revival of interest in the importance of the church and recommitting yourself to the ideals of the church. They thought the colonists had gotten away from there roots of their church; revival of the church

The Great Awakening

34

A.K.A. Age of Reason

The Enlightenment

35

Germans that spoke Deutsche which the Americans called Dutch

The Pennsylvania Dutch

36

Farming just enough food for your family to live on

Subsistence Farming

37

One who wanted to purify the Church of England of all catholic rituals. They were persecuted for this, went to war with the king, chopped off Charles I's head. They left to avoid persecution

Puritans

38

They wanted to leave the church and start a separate church to form their own religion. Voluntarily left England

Pilgrims or Separatists

39

People selected from New England to be a part of the town meetings. They had to be a member of the church to be elected

Selectmen

40

The time when Charles the second came throne and Puritan rule ended

Restoration

41

They were pacifists and they didn't believe in war or violence or social classes. They settled in Pennsylvania

Quakers

42

Large farm where cash crops were grown that are labor intensive like rice, tobacco, and eventually cotton

Plantations

43

Person willing to work for 5-7 year for an ________ (place to live, food and clothing)

Indentured Servant

44

Trade from Britain, to Africa, to the Americas

Triangular trade

45

Backwoods farmers

Yeoman

46

A colony owned by its leaders (people who finance the colony)

Proprietary colony

47

The idea that a country's power depends on its wealth

Mercantilism

48

When was Jamestown est.?

1607

49

Who established Virginia?

Virginia Company

50

When was Plymouth founded?

1620

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