Flashcards in history chpt. 3&4 test Deck (51):
The daughter of chief Powhatan, wife of John Rolfe, supposedly saved John Smith, and her Christian name was Rebecca
Father of Pocahontas, chief of _______, helped the early English
Wampanoag Indian, was taken as a slave and lived in England for a while, helped the early Plymouth colonist and taught them how to farm, spoke English.
Introduced tobacco to Jamestown, husband of Pocahontas
Adventurer, member of the council, wrote about his adventures and was always the hero, the settlers set off his powder horn and it exploded and severely damaged his leg. He also mapped from the Carolinas to New England
Governor of Plymouth colony, he composed the mayflower compact that told how they would plan their colony
Governor the Dominion of New England; he was a hated man for a while because he took away their land, charters, and he said they didn't have to go to church to vote. He was arrested and sent back to England
Wrote two treatises of government, said all people are entitled to natural rights: life, liberty, and property (things that belong to you)
Founded Georgia, was a general, brought the first former prisoners to America to found a colony to give them a new start
Led a revolt for backcountry farmers because they were being taxed to death and the government wouldn't protect them from the natives.
Founded Pennsylvania, he was a Quaker and a pacifists, he got the charter because the king owed his father money. Pennsylvania means Penn's Woods
He brought the first colonist to Roanoke island and was one of Elizabeth I favorites.
Founded Massachusetts Bay Colony, his the charter, wanted the colony to be an example for Puritans
Founded Rhode Island
She was exiled from Massachusetts because she believed that God told her which priests were godly and which were not
First English settlement in North America
First permanent settlement in North America
Founded by William Bradford and a group of puritans
Both Maryland and Virginia boarded this place with many ports. It was a very important shipping source
The place on the east coast where the rivers were so deep the tides affected the water levels so they could dock while the tide was high and get out before it went down.
A shallow area off the coast of Massachusetts and there is lots of plankton which made fishing great
Name New England Colonies
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut
Name the Middle Colonies
New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware
Name the South Colonies
Georgia, Virginia, Maryland, South Carolina, North Carolina
Navigation and Staple Act Rules
All ships had to go through England, all exports from the colonies had to go through England. Staple Act-all exports and imports had to go through England's, and the ship had to be filled with 75% of english crewmen
Problems in Jamestown
Couldn't farm because they were city people, didn't have clean water, they thought by using the tool to drill their heads would let their diseases out, it was swampy so it was filled with mosquitoes and diseases. John smith saved their government because their council didn't do a good job of governing.
It was the government for Virginia and was the first representative government in America
Virginia House of Burgesses
A plan for government, first in America
(written by William Bradford)
First written constitution in America
Fundamental Order of Connecticut
When William and Mary took the throne so there would not be a bloody war with James II; revolution with no war or conflict
The leg of the triangular trade that brought slaves from Africa to America
James II took away Massachusetts charter and combined it with the other colonies under the Kings rule which made up ......
Dominion of New England
Revival of interest in the importance of the church and recommitting yourself to the ideals of the church. They thought the colonists had gotten away from there roots of their church; revival of the church
The Great Awakening
A.K.A. Age of Reason
Germans that spoke Deutsche which the Americans called Dutch
The Pennsylvania Dutch
Farming just enough food for your family to live on
One who wanted to purify the Church of England of all catholic rituals. They were persecuted for this, went to war with the king, chopped off Charles I's head. They left to avoid persecution
They wanted to leave the church and start a separate church to form their own religion. Voluntarily left England
Pilgrims or Separatists
People selected from New England to be a part of the town meetings. They had to be a member of the church to be elected
The time when Charles the second came throne and Puritan rule ended
They were pacifists and they didn't believe in war or violence or social classes. They settled in Pennsylvania
Large farm where cash crops were grown that are labor intensive like rice, tobacco, and eventually cotton
Person willing to work for 5-7 year for an ________ (place to live, food and clothing)
Trade from Britain, to Africa, to the Americas
A colony owned by its leaders (people who finance the colony)
The idea that a country's power depends on its wealth
When was Jamestown est.?
Who established Virginia?