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Flashcards in History Maia's National Outline Cards Deck (1487):
1

Parents of Romulus?

Rhea Silvia and Mars

2

Grandfather of Romulus?

Numitor

3

Who stole the throne of Alba Longa from the father of Rhea Silvia?

Amulius

4

What river were Romulus and Remus thrown into?

the Tiber River

5

Who raised Romulus?

Faustulus

6

Who was the wife of Faustulus?

Acca Laurentia

7

Which hills did Romulus and Remus settle on?

Romulus- PalatineRemus- Aventine

8

How many vultures did Romulus and Remus each see?

Romulus- 12Remus- 6

9

Why did Romulus kill Remus?

Remus overslept the boundaries of Romulus' hill

10

What is the exact date of Rome's founding?

April 21, 753 BC

11

How did Romulus populate Rome with males?

he opened the city to criminals and other outcasts and made it though they are safe from arrest within Rome

12

What did Romulus make 100 of the most noble and wealthy fathers?

patricians and senators

13

How did Romulus populate Rome with women?

The Rape of the Sabine Women

14

Whose daughter let the Sabines into Rome?

The Capitoline citadel commander, Spurrius Tarpeius

15

Who let the Sabines into Rome?

Tarpeia

16

What did Tarpeia want in exchange for letting the Sabines into the city?

she asked for "what they wear on their left arms"

17

What did Tarpeia intend to happen, and what actually happened?

she intended to receive their gold bracelets, but was instead crushed by their shields

18

Who eventually stopped the fighting between the Romans and Sabines?

Hersilia

19

Wife of Romulus?

Hersilia

20

Who did Romulus co-rule with?

Titus Tatius

21

What supposedly happened to Romulus?

he disappeared in a storm or whirlwind during or shortly after offering a public sacrifice near or at the Quirinal Hill

22

What probably happened to Romulus?

the senators probably killed him

23

What was Numa Pompilius' origin?

Sabine

24

Who was Titus Tatius' son-in-law?

Numa Pompilius

25

What was one major difference between Romulus and Numa Pompilius?

Numa was not warlike

26

Who was Numa Pompilius' lover?

the nymph Egeria

27

What religious organization did Numa Pompilius bring to Rome from Alba Longa?

Vestal Virgins

28

Where were the Vestal Virgins from?

Alba Longa

29

What months did Numa Pompilius add to the calendar?

January and February

30

What priest did Numa Pompilius instate?

Pontifex Maximus, the high priest

31

What temple did Numa Pompilius found?

Temple of Janus

32

What different ways did the Temple of Janus represent Rome's situation

Doors closed- peace, Doors open- wartime

33

How did Numa Pompilius die?

simply of old age

34

What was Tullus Hostilius' origin?

Latin

35

What three brothers did Rome pick to fight Alba Longa?

Horatii

36

What three brothers did Alba Longa pick to fight Rome?

Curiatii

37

Which triplets won?

The Horatii

38

Who was the Alban king during Romulus' reign?

Mettius Fufettius

39

What town did Mettius Fufettius incite against Rome?

Fidenae

40

What happened to Mettius Fufettius and why?

drawn and quartered for his treachery against Rome

41

Where did the Alban population settle after Alba Longa was destroyed?

the Caelian Hill

42

All of Alba Longa was destroyed except for what?

the temples

43

What government building did Tullus Hostilius build the first of?

the Curia Hostilia (the first senate house)

44

How did the gods voice their displeasure at Tullus Hostilius' ignoring of religion?

through a shower of stones on the Alban Mountain and voices insulting the Albans for abandoning their ways

45

During which king's reign does a plague fall on Rome?

Tullus Hostilius

46

How does Tullus Hostilius die?

his house is struck by lightning (he does in the fire)

47

Ancus Marcius is the grandson of who?

Numa Pompilius

48

What was Ancus Marcius' origin?

Sabine

49

What priesthood did Ancus Marcius establish?

Fetiales

50

What was the purpose of the Fetiales?

to mediate disputes and declare war

51

Which hills were settled during Ancus Marcius' reign?

Aventine and Janiculum

52

What salt water port did Ancus Marcius establish?

Ostia

53

Who built the Pons Sublicius?

Ancus Marcius

54

What was the Pons Sublicius?

the first (wooden) bridge over the Tiber

55

What happened to Tarquinius Priscus that meant he would become king?

an eagle took his cap and returned it shortly after

56

Where was Tarquinius Priscus originally from?

Corinth

57

What was Tarquinius Priscus originally named?

Lucumo

58

Who was the father of Tarquinius Priscus?

Demaratus

59

Who did Tarquinius Priscus marry?

an Etruscan woman named Tanaquil

60

Whose sons were Tarquinius Priscus made the guardian of?

Ancus Marcius

61

What did Tarquinius Priscus double the size of?

the equites (cavalry)

62

By how much did Tarquinius Priscus increase the senate by?

100

63

What structure on the Capitoline Hill did Tarquinius Priscus begin construction on?

the Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus

64

What did Tarquinius Priscus begin construction on after draining the forum?

the Circus Maximus

65

Who killed Tarquinius Priscus?

assassins hired by the sons of Ancus Marcius

66

What did Tanaquil interpret about Servius Tullius that meant he should be king?

he was covered in flame but felt no harm (red head)

67

Where was Servius Tullius supposedly from?

slave

68

Who was Servius Tullius' mom?

Ocrisia from the Etruscan town of Corniculum

69

Who did Servius Tullius marry?

Tarquinia

70

What temples did Servius Tullius establish?

the Temple of Diana (main one) and the Temple of Fortuna

71

What did Servius Tullius create, dividing the Roman people?

the census

72

What was Rome divided into by the census?

5 classes

73

Who introduced coinage to Rome?

Servius Tullius

74

Who built the first defensive wall around Rome?

Servius Tullius

75

What was the first defensive wall of Rome called?

the Servian Wall

76

Who was Servius Tullius assassinated by?

his daughter Tullia the younger and her husband, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus

77

What temple did Tarquinius Superbus either build or complete?

the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus

78

Who most likely built the Cloaca Maxima?

Tarquinius Superbus (maybe Tarquinius Priscus)

79

Which king finished building the Circus Maximus?

Tarquinius Superbus

80

What son of Tarquinius Superbus caused the downfall of the monarchy in Rome?

Sextus Tarquinius

81

Who did Sextus rape?

Lucretia

82

Who was Lucretia's husband?

Lucius Junius Brutus

83

Where did Tarquinius Superbus flee to?

the Etruscan cities

84

Who did the Etruscans unite under?

Lars Porsenna

85

What city was Lars Porsenna king of?

Clusium

86

Who defended the Pons Sublicius against the Etruscans?

Horatius Cocles

87

Who thrust his hand into the coals to impress Lars Porsenna?

Mucius Scaevola

88

Who lead the hostages to freedom (but later returned)?

Cloelia

89

Give the years of the monarchy

753-510 BC

90

Give the years of the republic

509-27 BC

91

Who replaced the kings after the monarchy fell?

Consuls

92

Who were the first two consuls?

Lucius Junius Brutus and Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus

93

Why did Collatinus step down?

because his family name was "Tarquinius"

94

Who did Brutus die while fighting with?

Arruns, son of Tarquinius Superbus

95

The sons of Tarquinius Superbus, Titus and Tiberius, were part of what group?

a rebellion within Rome that tried to reinstall Tarquinius Superbus as king

96

Who were the sons of Tarquinius Superbus who rebelled?

Titus and Tiberius

97

What happened to the sons of Tarquinius Superbus that rebelled?

executed

98

Who became consul in place of Brutus?

Publius Valerius Publicola (or Poplicola)

99

What hill did Publicola try to build his house on?

Velian Hill

100

Why couldn't Publicola build his house on the top of the hill?

the people became upset, thinking he was trying to become king

101

Where did Publicola end up building his house?

the foot of the Velian Hill

102

How many times was Publicola consul?

4

103

What does the agnomen Publicola mean?

"friend of the people"

104

What occurred in 494 BC?

the First Secession of the Plebs

105

How many secessions of the Plebs occur throughout Roman history?

5

106

Where did the Plebs succeed to and threaten to build a new town?

the Mons Sacer (Aventine Hill)

107

Who convinced the plebs to return form succession?

Menenius Agrippa

108

What created the office of tribune for the plebs?

the Lex Sacrata

109

What battle occurred in 496 BC?

Lake Regillus

110

Who was involved in the Battle of Lake Regillus?

Romans vs. Latin League + Tarquinius Superbus

111

According to legend, who led the Romans in the Battle of Lake Regillus?

the Dioscuri, Castor and Pollux

112

Who was the Roman commander at Lake Regillus?

Aulus Postumius Albinus

113

Who was the first dictator?

Aulus Postumius Albinus

114

What battle occurred in 458 BC?

Battle of Mt. Algidus

115

Who was involved in the Battle of Mt. Algidus?

Romans vs. Aequi

116

Who led the relief effort to rescue a trapped army at Mt. Algidus?

Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus

117

Whose army was trapped during the Battle of Mt. Algidus?

Minucius'

118

What happened during 493 BC?

Coriolanus took the Volscian town of Corioli

119

How did Gaius Mucius Coriolanus earn his cognomen?

by taking the Volscian town of Corioli (493 BC)

120

Who convinced Coriolanus not to attack Rome with the Volscians he had earlier defeated?

his wife Volumnia and his mother Veturia

121

What were established in 451-450 BC?

Laws of the Twelve Tables

122

Who completed the twelve tables?

the Decemviri

123

What event was the completion of the twelve tables associated with?

the second secession of the plebs

124

Who was the chief of the Decemviri?

Appius Claudius Crassus

125

What caused Appius Claudius' death?

his lust for Verginia

126

What was made in 445 BC?

Lex Canuleia

127

What did the Lex Canuleia do?

allowed for the intermarriage between the plebeians and the patricians

128

Who proposed the Lex Canuleia?

Gaius Canuleius

129

Who was responsible for capturing the Etruscan city of Veii in 396 BC after a ten year siege?

Marcus Furius Camillus

130

What two things were Camillus proclaimed to be after his events with Brennus?

"Pater Patriae" and "Second Founder of Rome"

131

What occurred in 390 BC?

Battle of Allia River

132

Who led the Gauls against Rome at Allia River?

the Senonian chieftain Brennus

133

Where was the only place in Rome Brennus did not capture?

The Capitoline Hill

134

Who was woken by the sacred geese of Juno and rallied the Romans on the Capitoline?

Marcus Manlius Capitolinus

135

What did Brennus famously say after conquering Rome and what does it mean?

"Vae Victis"- Woe to the Conquered

136

What was formed in 367 BC?

Lex Licinia-Sextia

137

Who passed the Lex Licinia-Sextia?

tribunes Licinius and Lucius Sextius

138

What does the Lex Licinia-Sextia do?

it makes it so one of the two consuls can be a plebeian

139

Who was the first plebeian consul in 366 BC?

Lucius Sextius

140

Who was the first plebeian dictator?

Gaius Marcius Rutilus

141

In what year did Rome have its first plebeian dictator?

356 BC

142

Who was Rome's first plebeian censor?

Gaius Marcius Rutilus

143

In what year did Rome have its first plebeian censor?

351 BC

144

Who was the first plebeian praetor?

Publilius Philo

145

In what year did Rome have its first plebeian praetor?

337 BC

146

What were the years of the Great Latin War?

340-338 BC

147

Who won the Battle of Vesuvius?

Romans

148

Who lost the Battle of Vesuvius?

the Latins

149

What year was the Battle of Vesuvius?

340 BC

150

Who were the Roman leaders at the Battle of Vesuvius?

Publius Decius Mus and Titus Manlius Torquatus

151

What did Decius Mus famously do to help the Roman army at the Battle of Vesuvius?

devotio (sacrificed himself)

152

What town did Rome capture in 340 BC?

Antium

153

What did the Romans take from Antium?

rostra (prows of enemy ships)

154

What did the Romans do with the rostra from Antium?

attached them to the speakers platform in the Forum

155

What war took place during 343-341 BC?

First Samnite War

156

What land regions were the First Samnite War centered around?

the city of Capua and the land of Campania

157

What were the years of the First Samnite War?

343-341 BC

158

What war took place from 326-304 BC?

Second Samnite War

159

What battle occurred in 321 BC?

Claudine Forks

160

Who was the Samnite chieftain at Caudine Forks?

Gavius Pontius

161

Who were the Roman leaders at Caudine Forks?

Titus Veturius and Spurius Postumius Albinus

162

What happens to the Romans at Caudine Forks?

They are trapped under a mountain pass and forced to pass under a yoke

163

What year did Caudine Forks take place?

321 BC?

164

What battle took place in 315 BC?

Lautulae

165

What are the years of the Third Samnite War?

298-290 BC

166

What battle occurs in 295 BC?

Battle of Sentinum

167

Who were the Roman leaders at Sentinum?

Publius Decius Mus and Quintus Fabius Maximus Rullianus

168

Who was the Samnite leader at Sentinum?

Gellius Egnatius

169

Who sacrifices himself in an act of devotio?

Publius Decius Mus

170

Where was King Pyrrhus from?

Epirus

171

What city brought in King Pyrrhus to help them fight the Romans in the Pyrrhic War?

Tarentum

172

What battle took place in 280 BC?

Battle of Heraclea

173

What battle took place in 279 BC?

Battle of Asculum

174

What did the battles between Pyrrhus and Rome become known as?

Pyrrhic victories

175

What are "pyrrhic victories"?

Victories that cost so much to win it is no longer worth it

176

What battle takes place in 275 BC?

Battle of Beneventum

177

Who was the Roman leader at the Battle of Beneventum?

Curius Dentatus

178

In what year did Tarentum surrender for good?

272 BC

179

How did Pyrrhus die?

in a street fight when a woman throws a roof tile on his head

180

Where did Pyrrhus die?

Argos in Greece

181

In what year did the Battle of Beneventum take place?

275 BC

182

What law was made in 287 BC?

Lex Hortensia

183

Where did the fifth and final secession of the plebs take place?

Janiculum Hill

184

Who passed the Lex Hortensia?

the dictator Quintus Hortensius

185

What did the Lex Hortensia do?

made all resolutions passed by the plebeians binding on all citizens

186

When was the Lex Hortensia passed?

287 BC

187

What were the years of the First Punic War?

264-241 BC

188

Who was being attacked to start the First Punic War?

the Mamertines from Messana

189

Who was attacking the Mamertines to start the First Punic War?

Hiero (II) of Syracuse

190

Who did the Mamertines ask for help to fight the Syracusans?

Carthage

191

Who did the Mamertines ask for help to fight the Carthaginians?

Rome

192

What battle took place in 260 BC?

Battle of Mylae

193

Who lead the Romans at Mylae?

Gaius Duilius

194

Where was Rome's first naval victory?

Battle of Mylae

195

What was made in Duilius' honor?

A column in the Forum

196

In what year did the Battle of Mylae take place?

260 BC

197

What battle took place in 256 BC?

The Battle of Cape Ecnomus

198

Who was the Roman commander at the Battle of Cape Ecnomus?

Atilius Regulus

199

Who lost the Battle of Cape Ecnomus?

the Carthaginians

200

What battle took place in 255 BC?

Battle of Bagradas Valley

201

Who were the Romans defeated by at Bagradas Valley?

Xanthippus, the Spartan mercenary

202

Why did Regulus return to Rome by the Carthaginians?

to convince Rome to surrender

203

What did Regulus tell the Romans to do when he came back to Rome from Carthage?

fight on

204

Where does Regulus die?

he is brutally killed when returns to Carthage from Rome

205

What battle took place in 249 BC?

Battle of Drepana

206

Who is the consul who supposedly doomed the Romans at the Battle of Drepana?

Publius Claudius Pulcher

207

What did Claudius Pulcher do that was a bad omen?

throw the sacred chickens into the ocean (because they wouldn't eat)

208

Who is the victorious Carthaginian commander at the Battle of Drepana?

Hamilcar

209

What battle takes place in 241 BC?

Battle of Aegates Island

210

Who led the Romans at the Battle of Aegates island?

Lutatius Catulus

211

Who led the Carthaginians at the Battle of Aegates Islands?

Hanno the Great

212

What battle ended the First Punic War?

Battle of Aegates Islands

213

What was Rome's first province?

Sicily

214

What province did Rome gain control of at the end of the First Punic War?

Sicily

215

What provinces does Rome take after the First Punic War while Carthage has an internal fight?

Sardinia and Corsica

216

Where does Carthage get the silver to pay Rome did the huge war debt they owed?

the Iberian Peninsula

217

What are the years of the Second Punic War?

218-202 BC

218

Who did Rome sign a treaty with in 226 BC?

Carthage

219

What treaty was signed in 226 BC?

Ebro Treaty

220

What did the Ebro treaty do?

says Carthage won't go north of the Ebro River in Spain

221

What what year was the Ebro Treaty made?

226 BC

222

In what year did Hannibal gain control of Spain?

221 BC

223

What town did Carthage lay siege to in 219 BC, starting the Second Punic War?

Saguntum

224

What battles took place in 218 BC?

Battle of Ticinus River and Battle of Trebia River

225

Who is the Roman leader at Ticinus River?

Publius Cornelius Scipio (the Elder)

226

Who is the Carthaginian leader at Ticinus River?

Hannibal

227

Who was the winner at Ticinus River?

Hannibal (Carthage)

228

Who saves Publius Cornelius Scipio's life at the Battle of Ticinus River?

his son, the future Africanus

229

When was the Battle of Ticinus River?

218 BC

230

Who were the Roman commanders at Trebia River?

Publius Cornelius Scipio and Tiberius Sempronius Longus

231

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Trebia River?

Hannibal

232

Who was the winner at Trebia River?

Hannibal (Carthage)

233

When was the Battle of Trebia River?

218 BC

234

What battle took place in 217 BC?

The Battle of Lake Trasimene

235

Who is the Roman commander at Lake Trasimene?

Gaius Flaminius

236

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Lake Trasimene?

Hannibal

237

Who won the Battle of Lake Trasimene?

Hannibal (Carthage)

238

Where does Gaius Flaminius die?

He dies in the Battle of Lake Trasimene?

239

When was the Battle of Lake Trasimene?

217 BC

240

Who was appointed dictator after the disaster at Trasimene?

Quintus Fabius Maximus Cunctator

241

How did Quintus Fabius Maximus Cunctator earn the agnomen "cunctator"?

for the delaying tactics he used against Hannibal

242

What is Quintus Fabius Maximus known as?

the "shield of Rome"

243

What battle took place in 216 BC?

Battle of Cannae

244

Who were the Roman commanders at Cannae?

Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Tarentius Varro

245

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Cannae?

Hannibal

246

Who won the Battle of Cannae?

Hannibal (Carthage)

247

What Roman commander died at the Battle of Cannae?

Lucius Aemilius Paullus

248

What did Tarentius Varro receive when he returned to Rome?

a warm reception despite the disaster

249

What city was recaptured in 211 BC?

Syracuse

250

Who recaptured Syracuse in 211 BC?

Marcus Claudius Marcellus

251

What famous scientist was accidentally killed when the Romans rushed Syracuse?

Archimedes

252

Who received the spolia opima in the Second Punic War?

Marcus Claudius Marcellus

253

What was Claudius Marcellus known as?

the "sword of Rome"

254

What battle took place in 207 BC?

Metaurus River

255

Who were the Roman commanders at Metaurus River?

Gaius Claudius Nero and Marcus Livius Salinator

256

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Metaurus River?

Hasdrubal Barca

257

Who won at Metaurus River?

Rome

258

What happened to Hasdrubal Barca?

he was decapitated and his head was thrown into the Carthaginian camp

259

When was Metaurus River?

207 BC

260

What battle took place in 206 BC?

Ilipa

261

Who is the Roman commander at Ilipa?

Scipio (the future) Africanus

262

What did Scipio Africanus do at Ilipa?

cut off Iberia from the Carthaginians

263

What was the result of Ilipa?

Spain was given to Scipio

264

What battle took place in 203 BC?

Battle of Campi Magni (Great Plains)

265

Who were the Roman commanders at Campi Magni?

Scipio (the future) Africanus and Gaius Laelius

266

Who was the Numidian cavalry commander on the Roman side at Campi Magni?

Massinissa

267

Who was the Numidian commander on the side of the Carthaginians at Ilipa?

Syphax

268

Who was the Carthaginian commander at the Battle of Campi Magni?

Hasdrubal (son of) Gisgo

269

Who won at the Battle of Campi Magni?

Rome

270

What battle took place in 202 BC?

Battle of Zama

271

Who were the Roman commanders at Zama?

Scipio Africanus and Masinissa

272

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Zama?

Hannibal

273

Who lost at Zama?

Carthage

274

What battle ended the Second Punic War?

Battle of Zama

275

What were the years of the Third Punic War?

149-146 BC

276

What city did Rome lay siege to, beginning in 149 BC?

Carthage

277

When was Carthage stormed?

146 BC

278

Who stormed Carthage, destroying it?

Scipio Aemilianus

279

What was Cato the Elder famous for saying?

"Carthago delenda est." (Carthage must be destroyed)

280

What becomes a Roman province in 146 BC?

Africa

281

Who are the three winners of the spolia opima?

Romulus, Cossus, and Marcellus

282

Who did Rome fight with from 146-140 BC?

Lusitanian chieftain, Viriathus

283

What is Viriathus called?

the "first national hero of Portugal"

284

What siege took place in 133 BC?

the siege of Numantia

285

Who captured the Celtiberian city of Numantia?

Scipio Aemilianus

286

What war took place from 229-228 BC?

First Illyrian War

287

Who was the leader of the Illyrian pirates during the first Illyrian War?

Queen Teuta

288

What war took place from 220-219 BC?

Second Illyrian War

289

Who lead Illyria in the Second Illyrian War?

Demretrius of Pharos

290

What war took place from 200-196 BC?

Second Macedonian War

291

What battle took place in 197 BC?

Battle of Cynoscephalae

292

Who was the Roman commander at Cynoscephalae?

Titus Quinctius Flamininus

293

Who was the Macedonian leader at Cynoscephalae?

Phillip V

294

Who declared peace and freedom for Greece in 196 BC?

Flamininus

295

Where did Flamininus declare peace and freedom for Greece?

the Isthmian games of 196 BC

296

What did the Battle of Cynoscephalae show?

the superiority of the Legion over the Phallanx

297

What war took place from 192-188 BC?

Seleucid War

298

Who did Rome make war with in 192 BC?

Antiochus III of the Selecuid Empire

299

Who did Antiochus III ally with during the Seleucid War?

the Aetolian League and Hannibal

300

What battle took place in 191 BC?

Battle of Thermopylae

301

Who was the Roman commander at Thermopylae?

(Manius Acilius) Glabrio

302

Who did Glabrio defeat at Thermopylae?

Antiochus III

303

What battle took place in 190/189 BC?

Battle of Magnesia

304

Who were the Roman commanders at Magnesia?

Scipio Africanus and brother Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiastucus

305

Who did the Romans defeat at the Battle of Magnesia?

Antiochus III

306

What treaty ends the Seleucid War?

Treaty of Apamea

307

What war took place from 171-168 BC?

Third Macedonian War

308

What battle took place in 168 BC?

Battle of Pydna

309

Who was the Roman leader at Pydna?

Lucius Aemilius Paullus

310

Who was defeated at the Battle of Pydna?

King Perseus of Macedon

311

What was took place from 150-148 BC?

Fourth Macedonian War

312

Who was the Roman leader during the Fourth Macedonian War?

(Quintus Caecilius) Metellus Macedonicus

313

Who was defeated in the Fourth Macedonian War?

Andriscus

314

Who was Andriscus?

a pretender to the throne of Macedon

315

When does Macedonia become a province?

148 BC

316

What battle takes place in 146 BC?

Battle of Corinth

317

Who is the Roman leader at the Battle of Corinth?

Lucius Mummius

318

Who was defeated at the Battle of Corinth?

Achaean League?

319

What city was destroyed by Lucius Mummius in 146 BC?

Corinth

320

What battle marks the end of the Roman-Greek conflict?

Battle of Corinth

321

What becomes a Roman province in 146 BC?

Achaea

322

Who was the daughter of Scipio Africanus?

Cornelia

323

Who were the sons of Cornelia?

Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus

324

What did Cornelia call her sons?

"Gemae" (her jewels)

325

Who was elected tribune in 133 BC?

Tiberius Gracchus

326

What law did Tiberius Gracchus attempt to push?

land law

327

What did Tiberius Gracchus' land law do?

reinstate that no citizen should be able to hold over 500 iugera of land

328

What tribune vetoed Tiberius Gracchus' land law?

Marcus Octavius

329

Who lead the senate in a revolt to kill Tiberius Gracchus?

Scipio Nasica

330

In what year was there a revolt against Tiberius Gracchus?

133 BC

331

What was Scipio Nasica's relation to Tiberius Gracchus?

they were cousins

332

How did Tiberius Gracchus convince the senate to revolt against Tiberius?

said Tiberius was trying to become king

333

Who was elected tribune in 123 and 122?

Gaius Gracchus

334

Which political enemy of Gaius was elected consul in 121 BC?

Lucius Opimius

335

What did the senate pass that gave Opimius the power to stop Gaius at all costs?

Senatus Consultum Ultimum

336

Where did Gaius Gracchus flee to?

the grove of Furina on Janiculum

337

How did Gaius Gracchus did?

suicide

338

What became the Roman province of Asia?

Pergamum

339

When was Pergamum given to Rome?

133 BC

340

Who bequeathed Pergamum to Rome?

Attalus III

341

Who held the consulship seven times?

Gaius Marius

342

Where was Marius from?

Arpinum

343

What was Marius known as?

a novus homo (he's not the only one but one of the most famous)

344

What consul reformed the Roman army in 1st century BC?

Marius

345

How many consecutive consulship a did Marius hold?

5

346

When was Marius' first consulship?

107 BC

347

When was Marius' last consulship?

86 BC

348

Who died in 118 BC, causing a division in his kingdom?

Micipsa, King of Numidia

349

Who was the kingdom of Numidia divided between when its king died?

between Micipsa's sons Hiempsal and Adherbal and his step-son (and nephew) Jugurtha

350

Who finally defeated Jugurtha?

Marius and his quaestor Lucius Cornelius Sulla "Felix"

351

When did Marius and Sulla beat Jugurtha?

105 BC

352

How did Marius and Sulla beat Jugurtha?

Sulla convinced the Mauritanian ruler Bocchus I to betray Jugurtha to the Romans

353

Where was Jugurtha killed?

Tullianum

354

When was Jugurtha killed?

104 BC

355

What battle took place in 105 BC?

Battle of Arausio

356

Who were the Roman commanders at Arausio?

Servilius Caepio and Mallius Maximus

357

Who defeated the Romans at Arausio?

the Cimbri and Teutones

358

What battle took place in 102 BC?

Battle of Aquae Sextiae

359

Who was the Roman commander at Aquae Sextiae?

Gaius Marius

360

Who was defeated at the Battle of Aquae Sextiae?

Teutones

361

What battle took place in 101 BC?

Battle of Vercellae

362

Who were the Roman commanders at Vercellae?

Gaius Marius and Lutatius Catullus

363

Who was defeated at Vercellae?

the Cimbri

364

What war was ended by the Battle of Vercellae?

War with Cimbri and Teutons

365

What enemy of Marius was a tribune killed in 100 BC?

Lucius Appuleius Saturninus

366

How many times did Saturninus serve as tribune?

3 times

367

What did the senate pass against Saturninus and why?

a Senatus Consultum Ultimum for mob violence

368

What did the Senatus Consultum Ultimum against Saturninus do?

gave Marius the right to stop him

369

What war took place from 91-88 BC?

the Social War

370

What are two other names for the Social War?

the Italian War or the Marsic War

371

Why was the Social War also known as the Marsic War?

because the Romans were fighting the Marsi

372

What was the Social War fought over?

whether or not the non-Roman Italians should have citizenship

373

What law was passed in 90 BC?

Lex Iulia

374

What did the Lex Iulia do?

Julius Caesar offered Roman citizenship to all citizens of Italy who had not raised arms against Rome in the Social War

375

What law was passed in 89 BC?

Lex Plautia Papiria

376

What did the Lex Plautia Papiria do?

citizens of Italian communities that had previously rebelled can now gain Roman citizenship

377

What war took place from 89-85 BC?

The First Mithridatic War

378

Who was the First Mithridatic War against?

Mithridates VI of Pontus

379

What did Mithridates VI do to start the First Mithridatic War?

he took territory in the east and massacred Italian residents there

380

What is Mithridates' massacre called and when did it occur?

Asiatic Vespers- 88 BC

381

Who had been chosen by the senate to fight Mithridates?

Sulla

382

Who transferred command against Mithridates from Sulla to Marius?

the tribune Sulpicius Rufus

383

What was the result of Sulla's command transferring to Marius?

Sulla's first march on Rome

384

What siege took place in 86 BC?

Siege of Athens

385

What was Sulla's most famous feat in the First Mithridatic War?

the siege of Athens

386

What treaty ended the First Mithridatic War?

Treaty of Dardanus

387

When was the Treaty of Dardanus finished?

85 BC

388

What was Rome divided by?

the Populares and the Optimates

389

What were the Populares?

popular assemblies and tribunate

390

What were the Optimates?

richer traditionalists wishing to limit the power of the popular assemblies and tribunate

391

Who were the big leaders in Rome when Sulla was in Greece fighting Mithridates?

Papirius Carbo and Cornelius Cinna

392

How does Cinna die?

by a mutiny of his own troops

393

When did Cinna die?

84 BC

394

Who was the consul of 82 BC?

Carbo

395

What battle took place in 82 BC?

Battle of Colline Gate

396

What did the Battle of Colline Gate do?

solidify Sulla's control of Rome

397

Which of Marian's proconsuls of Hispania held out against Sulla's forces until 72 BC?

Sertorius

398

When was Sertorius assassinated?

72 BC

399

Who assassinated Sertorius?

Marcus Perperna

400

What was Sulla's list of people he wanted killed called?

Sulla's prescriptions

401

What did Sulla's second march on Rome basically accomplish?

remodeled the Republican government

402

What war took place from 73-71 BC?

Second Mithridatic War

403

Who was the Second Mithridatic War between?

Licinius Murena vs. Mithridates VI

404

What war took place from 73-71 BC?

War with Spartacus

405

Who started a slave revolt in 73 BC?

the Thracian slave Spartacus

406

Where did Spartacus start a slave revolt?

Capua

407

Who eventually subdued Spartacus' revolt?

Marcus Licinius Crassus

408

Where was the slave revolt subdued?

Apulia

409

In what two years are Pompey and Crassus consuls?

70 BC and 55 BC

410

What law was passed in 67 BC?

Lex Gabinia

411

Who passed the Lex Gabinia?

the tribune Aulus Gabinius

412

What did the Lex Gabinia do?

gave Pompey command against the pirates in the Mediterranean

413

How long did it take Pompey to clear the Mediterranean of pirates and in what year?

3 months in 66 BC

414

What war took place from 73-63 BC?

Third Mithridatic War

415

Who had command against Mithridates for the first part of the Third Mithridatic War?

Lucius Licinius Lucullus

416

What battle took place in 69 BC?

Battle of Tigranocerta

417

What Armenian king did Lucullus defeat at the Battle of Tigranocerta?

Tigranes the Great

418

What law was passed in 66 BC?

Lex Manilia

419

Who passed the Lex Manilia?

the tribune Gaius Manlius

420

What did the Lex Manilia do?

transferred command against Mithridates from Lucullus to Pompey

421

What battle took place in 66 BC?

Battle of Nicopolis

422

What happens at the Battle of Nicopolis?

Pompey decisively defeats Mithridates

423

How does Mithridates die?

suicide

424

Where does Mithridates die?

Panticapaeum

425

When does Mithridates die?

63 BC

426

What conflict occurs in Rome in 63 BC?

Conspiracy of Catiline

427

Who tried to overthrow the Republic in 63 BC?

Lucius Sergius Catilina

428

What did Catilina have passed against him?

Senatus Consultum Ultimum

429

Who is most responsible for Catiline's fall?

Cicero

430

What is Cicero rewarded for his speeches against Catiline?

"Pater Patriae"

431

What year does the First Triumvirate form?

69 BC

432

What was the First Triumvirate?

a powerful political alliance

433

Who was the First Triumvirate between?

Julius Caesar, Marcus Licinius Crassus, and Pompey the Great

434

How was the First Triumvirate cemented?

when Caesar's daughter Julia married Pompey

435

What did Pompey get from the First Triumvirate?

land for his veterans

436

When was Julius Caesar born?

100 BC

437

When was Julius Caesar quaestor?

69 BC

438

When was Julius Caesar pontifex maximus?

63 BC

439

When was Julius Caesar consul?

59 BC

440

Who was Julius Caesar consul with?

Marcus Bibulus

441

What did Julius Caesar receive from the First Triumvirate?

a five year governship of Cisalpine Gaul, Illyracium, and later Transalpine Gaul

442

What did Julius Caesar's five year governship of Cisalpine Gaul, Illyracium, and later Transalpine Gaul allow him to do?

wage his Gallic Wars

443

How was Marcus Tullius Cicero exiled?

Clodius Pulcher (a tribune under Caesar) passed a law against him

444

How was Clodius Pulcher killed?

in a gang fight against his rival, Milo

445

When was Clodius Pulcher killed?

53 BC

446

What war lasted from 58-51 BC?

Caesar's Gallic Wars

447

When did Caesar cross into Britannia?

55 and 54 BC

448

Who was Caesar's most important enemy during the Gallic Wars?

Vercingetorix of the Arveni

449

Who defeated Caesar's forces during the Gallic Wars?

Vercingetorix

450

Where was Caesar defeated by Vercingetorix?

Gergovia

451

When was Caesar defeated by Vercingetorix?

52 BC

452

Where did Caesar defeat Vercingetorix?

Battle of Alesia

453

When did Caesar defeat Vercingetorix?

52 BC

454

Where did the three people in the First Triumvirate meet?

Luca

455

When did the three people in the First Triumvirate meet at Luca?

56 BC

456

What happens at the triumvirs' meeting at Luca?

Caesar's command is extended for 5 more years

457

When do Crassus and Pompey hold the consulship for the second time?

55 BC

458

When does Julius Caesar's daughter, Julia, die?

54 BC

459

Who did Crassus campaign against in the final years of his life?

Parthians

460

Where and when does Crassus die?

Battle of Carrhae in 53 BC

461

What war takes place from 49-45 BC?

Civil War of Caesar

462

What act of Caesar ignited the civil war?

crossing the Rubicon in 49 BC

463

What does Julius Caesar say when passing the Rubicon?

"Alea iacta est"- the die is cast

464

What battle took place in 49 BC?

Battle of Ilerda

465

What happened at the Battle of Ilerda?

Caesar marches to Spain and defeats Pompey's commanders

466

What battle occurs in 48 BC?

Battle of Dyrrachium

467

Who defeated Caesar at the Battle of Dyrrachium?

Pompey

468

What battle decides the result of the Civil War in 48 BC?

Battle of Pharsalus

469

What happens at Pharsalus?

Caesar decisively defeats Pompey

470

Where does Pompey flee after Pharsalus?

Egypt

471

Who kills Pompey?

the orders of Ptolemy XIII

472

What battle takes place in 47 BC?

Battle of Zela

473

Who does Caesar defeat at Zela?

Pharnaces (II), son of Mithridates VI of Pontus

474

What battle takes place in 46 BC?

Battle of Thapsus

475

Who were the forces of Pompey led by at Thapsus?

Metellus Scipio and the African Juba I

476

Who commits suicide after Thapsus?

Cato the Younger

477

Where does Cato the Younger commit suicide?

Utica

478

What is Cato the Younger called after committing suicide?

Cato Uticensis

479

What battle took place in 45 BC?

Battle of Munda

480

What former lieutenant does Caesar defeat?

Titus Labienus

481

Which of Pompey's family members are later defeated by Julius Caesar?

Pompey's sons

482

In what years was Caesar a dictator?

49, 48, and 46 BC

483

When was Caesar elected dictator for life?

44 BC

484

What temple did Caesar build?

Temple of Venus Genetrix

485

What did Caesar reform?

the calendar

486

Who put his own face on coins?

Julius Caesar

487

Who was Julius Caesar planning a campaign against before his assassination?

Parthians

488

What title did Julius Caesar receive at one point?

Pater Patriae

489

Who led the conspiracy against the life of Julius Caesar?

Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus

490

How was Caesar killed?

stabbed to death by senators

491

Where was Caesar killed?

at the foot of the statue of Pompey

492

On what day was Julius Caesar killed?

March 15, 44 BC

493

What is Caesar said to have muttered while dying?

"Et tu, Brute?" "And you, Brutus?" or in Greek, "Kai su, teknon?"

494

Who was named the sole heir of Julius Caesar?

Gaius Octavius (future Augustus)

495

What was Julius Caesar's relationship to Octavius?

Octavius was his grand-nephew (and adopted son)

496

When was the Second Triumvirate formed?

43 BC

497

Who formed the Second Triumvirate?

Gaius Octavius, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony (Marcus Antoninus)

498

Who married Mark Antony?

Octavia (sister of Octavius)

499

Where is Cicero killed?

Formiae

500

What legalized the Second Triumvirate?

Lex Titia

501

What battle took place in 42 BC?

Battle of Philippi

502

Who were the winners at Philippi?

Octavian and Mark Antony

503

Who were the losers at Philippi?

Brutus and Cassius

504

How did Brutus and Cassius die?

they kill themselves

505

What treaty is formed in 49 BC?

Treaty of Brundisium

506

What did Octavian get from the Treaty of Brundisium?

the west empire

507

What did Antony get from the Treaty of Brundisium?

the east empire

508

What did Lepidus get from the Treaty of Brundisium?

Hispania and Africa

509

What battle occurred in 36 BC?

Battle of Naulochus

510

What kind of battle was the Battle of Naulochus?

naval

511

Who was the winner at Naulochus?

Marcus Agrippa, famous general of Octavian

512

Who was the loser at Naulochus?

Sextus Pompeius (son of Pompey)

513

Where did the Battle of Naulochus take place?

off of Sicily

514

Why did Marcus Agrippa go to battle against Sextus Pompeius?

Sextus had been preventing the grain supply on Sicily from reaching Rome

515

Who does Mark Antony have an open affair with?

Cleopatra VII of Egypt

516

What does Augustus use to make Antony look bad?

propaganda

517

What battle took place in 31 BC?

Battle of Actium

518

Who were the winners at Actium?

Octavian and Agrippa

519

Who were the losers at Actium?

Mark Antony and Cleopatra

520

How did Mark Antony and Cleopatra die?

suicide

521

Who did Rome sign a treaty with in 226 BC?

Carthage

522

What treaty was signed in 226 BC?

Ebro Treaty

523

What did the Ebro treaty do?

says Carthage won't go north of the Ebro River in Spain

524

What what year was the Ebro Treaty made?

226 BC

525

In what year did Hannibal gain control of Spain?

221 BC

526

What town did Carthage lay siege to in 219 BC, starting the Second Punic War?

Saguntum

527

What battles took place in 218 BC?

Battle of Ticinus River and Battle of Trebia River

528

Who is the Roman leader at Ticinus River?

Publius Cornelius Scipio (the Elder)

529

Who is the Carthaginian leader at Ticinus River?

Hannibal

530

Who was the winner at Ticinus River?

Hannibal (Carthage)

531

Who saves Publius Cornelius Scipio's life at the Battle of Ticinus River?

his son, the future Africanus

532

When was the Battle of Ticinus River?

218 BC

533

Who were the Roman commanders at Trebia River?

Publius Cornelius Scipio and Tiberius Sempronius Longus

534

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Trebia River?

Hannibal

535

Who was the winner at Trebia River?

Hannibal (Carthage)

536

When was the Battle of Trebia River?

218 BC

537

What battle took place in 217 BC?

The Battle of Lake Trasimene

538

Who is the Roman commander at Lake Trasimene?

Gaius Flaminius

539

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Lake Trasimene?

Hannibal

540

Who won the Battle of Lake Trasimene?

Hannibal (Carthage)

541

Where does Gaius Flaminius die?

He dies in the Battle of Lake Trasimene?

542

When was the Battle of Lake Trasimene?

217 BC

543

Who was appointed dictator after the disaster at Trasimene?

Quintus Fabius Maximus Cunctator

544

How did Quintus Fabius Maximus Cunctator earn the agnomen "cunctator"?

for the delaying tactics he used against Hannibal

545

What is Quintus Fabius Maximus known as?

the "shield of Rome"

546

What battle took place in 216 BC?

Battle of Cannae

547

Who were the Roman commanders at Cannae?

Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Tarentius Varro

548

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Cannae?

Hannibal

549

Who won the Battle of Cannae?

Hannibal (Carthage)

550

What Roman commander died at the Battle of Cannae?

Lucius Aemilius Paullus

551

What did Tarentius Varro receive when he returned to Rome?

a warm reception despite the disaster

552

What city was recaptured in 211 BC?

Syracuse

553

Who recaptured Syracuse in 211 BC?

Marcus Claudius Marcellus

554

What famous scientist was accidentally killed when the Romans rushed Syracuse?

Archimedes

555

Who received the spolia opima in the Second Punic War?

Marcus Claudius Marcellus

556

What was Claudius Marcellus known as?

the "sword of Rome"

557

What battle took place in 207 BC?

Metaurus River

558

Who were the Roman commanders at Metaurus River?

Gaius Claudius Nero and Marcus Livius Salinator

559

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Metaurus River?

Hasdrubal Barca

560

Who won at Metaurus River?

Rome

561

What happened to Hasdrubal Barca?

he was decapitated and his head was thrown into the Carthaginian camp

562

When was Metaurus River?

207 BC

563

What battle took place in 206 BC?

Ilipa

564

Who is the Roman commander at Ilipa?

Scipio (the future) Africanus

565

What did Scipio Africanus do at Ilipa?

cut off Iberia from the Carthaginians

566

What was the result of Ilipa?

Spain was given to Scipio

567

What battle took place in 203 BC?

Battle of Campi Magni (Great Plains)

568

Who were the Roman commanders at Campi Magni?

Scipio (the future) Africanus and Gaius Laelius

569

Who was the Numidian cavalry commander on the Roman side at Campi Magni?

Massinissa

570

Who was the Numidian commander on the side of the Carthaginians at Ilipa?

Syphax

571

Who was the Carthaginian commander at the Battle of Campi Magni?

Hasdrubal (son of) Gisgo

572

Who won at the Battle of Campi Magni?

Rome

573

What battle took place in 202 BC?

Battle of Zama

574

Who were the Roman commanders at Zama?

Scipio Africanus and Masinissa

575

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Zama?

Hannibal

576

Who lost at Zama?

Carthage

577

What battle ended the Second Punic War?

Battle of Zama

578

What were the years of the Third Punic War?

149-146 BC

579

What city did Rome lay siege to, beginning in 149 BC?

Carthage

580

What is Cato the Younger called after committing suicide?

Cato Uticensis

581

What battle took place in 45 BC?

Battle of Munda

582

How did Mark Antony and Cleopatra die?

suicide

583

Who were the losers at Actium?

Mark Antony and Cleopatra

584

Who were the winners at Actium?

Octavian and Agrippa

585

What battle took place in 31 BC?

Battle of Actium

586

What does Augustus use to make Antony look bad?

propaganda

587

Who does Mark Antony have an open affair with?

Cleopatra VII of Egypt

588

Why did Marcus Agrippa go to battle against Sextus Pompeius?

Sextus had been preventing the grain supply on Sicily from reaching Rome

589

Where did the Battle of Naulochus take place?

off of Sicily

590

Who was the loser at Naulochus?

Sextus Pompeius (son of Pompey)

591

Who was the winner at Naulochus?

Marcus Agrippa, famous general of Octavian

592

What kind of battle was the Battle of Naulochus?

naval

593

What battle occurred in 36 BC?

Battle of Naulochus

594

What did Lepidus get from the Treaty of Brundisium?

Hispania and Africa

595

What did Antony get from the Treaty of Brundisium?

the east empire

596

What did Octavian get from the Treaty of Brundisium?

the west empire

597

What treaty is formed in 49 BC?

Treaty of Brundisium

598

How did Brutus and Cassius die?

they kill themselves

599

Who were the losers at Philippi?

Brutus and Cassius

600

Who were the winners at Philippi?

Octavian and Mark Antony

601

What battle took place in 42 BC?

Battle of Philippi

602

What legalized the Second Triumvirate?

Lex Titia

603

Where is Cicero killed?

Formiae

604

Who married Mark Antony?

Octavia (sister of Octavius)

605

Who formed the Second Triumvirate?

Gaius Octavius, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony (Marcus Antoninus)

606

When was the Second Triumvirate formed?

43 BC

607

What was Julius Caesar's relationship to Octavius?

Octavius was his grand-nephew (and adopted son)

608

Who was named the sole heir of Julius Caesar?

Gaius Octavius (future Augustus)

609

What is Caesar said to have muttered while dying?

"Et tu, Brute?" "And you, Brutus?" or in Greek, "Kai su, teknon?"

610

On what day was Julius Caesar killed?

March 15, 44 BC

611

Where was Caesar killed?

at the foot of the statue of Pompey

612

How was Caesar killed?

stabbed to death by senators

613

Who led the conspiracy against the life of Julius Caesar?

Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus

614

What title did Julius Caesar receive at one point?

Pater Patriae

615

Who was Julius Caesar planning a campaign against before his assassination?

Parthians

616

Who put his own face on coins?

Julius Caesar

617

What did Caesar reform?

the calendar

618

What temple did Caesar build?

Temple of Venus Genetrix

619

When was Caesar elected dictator for life?

44 BC

620

In what years was Caesar a dictator?

49, 48, and 46 BC

621

Which of Pompey's family members are later defeated by Julius Caesar?

Pompey's sons

622

What former lieutenant does Caesar defeat?

Titus Labienus

623

Where does Cato the Younger commit suicide?

Utica

624

Who commits suicide after Thapsus?

Cato the Younger

625

Who were the forces of Pompey led by at Thapsus?

Metellus Scipio and the African Juba I

626

What battle takes place in 46 BC?

Battle of Thapsus

627

Who does Caesar defeat at Zela?

Pharnaces (II), son of Mithridates VI of Pontus

628

What battle takes place in 47 BC?

Battle of Zela

629

Who kills Pompey?

the orders of Ptolemy XIII

630

Where does Pompey flee after Pharsalus?

Egypt

631

What happens at Pharsalus?

Caesar decisively defeats Pompey

632

What battle decides the result of the Civil War in 48 BC?

Battle of Pharsalus

633

Who defeated Caesar at the Battle of Dyrrachium?

Pompey

634

What battle occurs in 48 BC?

Battle of Dyrrachium

635

What happened at the Battle of Ilerda?

Caesar marches to Spain and defeats Pompey's commanders

636

What battle took place in 49 BC?

Battle of Ilerda

637

What does Julius Caesar say when passing the Rubicon?

"Alea iacta est"- the die is cast

638

What act of Caesar ignited the civil war?

crossing the Rubicon in 49 BC

639

What war takes place from 49-45 BC?

Civil War of Caesar

640

Where and when does Crassus die?

Battle of Carrhae in 53 BC

641

Who did Crassus campaign against in the final years of his life?

Parthians

642

When does Julius Caesar's daughter, Julia, die?

54 BC

643

When do Crassus and Pompey hold the consulship for the second time?

55 BC

644

What happens at the triumvirs' meeting at Luca?

Caesar's command is extended for 5 more years

645

When did the three people in the First Triumvirate meet at Luca?

56 BC

646

Where did the three people in the First Triumvirate meet?

Luca

647

When did Caesar defeat Vercingetorix?

52 BC

648

Where did Caesar defeat Vercingetorix?

Battle of Alesia

649

When was Caesar defeated by Vercingetorix?

52 BC

650

Where was Caesar defeated by Vercingetorix?

Gergovia

651

Who defeated Caesar's forces during the Gallic Wars?

Vercingetorix

652

Who was Caesar's most important enemy during the Gallic Wars?

Vercingetorix of the Arveni

653

When did Caesar cross into Britannia?

55 and 54 BC

654

What war lasted from 58-51 BC?

Caesar's Gallic Wars

655

When was Clodius Pulcher killed?

53 BC

656

How was Clodius Pulcher killed?

in a gang fight against his rival, Milo

657

How was Marcus Tullius Cicero exiled?

Clodius Pulcher (a tribune under Caesar) passed a law against him

658

What did Julius Caesar's five year governship of Cisalpine Gaul, Illyracium, and later Transalpine Gaul allow him to do?

wage his Gallic Wars

659

What did Julius Caesar receive from the First Triumvirate?

a five year governship of Cisalpine Gaul, Illyracium, and later Transalpine Gaul

660

Who was Julius Caesar consul with?

Marcus Bibulus

661

When was Julius Caesar consul?

59 BC

662

When was Julius Caesar pontifex maximus?

63 BC

663

When was Julius Caesar quaestor?

69 BC

664

When was Julius Caesar born?

100 BC

665

What did Pompey get from the First Triumvirate?

land for his veterans

666

How was the First Triumvirate cemented?

when Caesar's daughter Julia married Pompey

667

Who was the First Triumvirate between?

Julius Caesar, Marcus Licinius Crassus, and Pompey the Great

668

What was the First Triumvirate?

a powerful political alliance

669

What year does the First Triumvirate form?

69 BC

670

What is Cicero rewarded for his speeches against Catiline?

"Pater Patriae"

671

Who is most responsible for Catiline's fall?

Cicero

672

What did Catilina have passed against him?

Senatus Consultum Ultimum

673

Who tried to overthrow the Republic in 63 BC?

Lucius Sergius Catilina

674

What conflict occurs in Rome in 63 BC?

Conspiracy of Catiline

675

When does Mithridates die?

63 BC

676

Where does Mithridates die?

Panticapaeum

677

How does Mithridates die?

suicide

678

What happens at the Battle of Nicopolis?

Pompey decisively defeats Mithridates

679

What battle took place in 66 BC?

Battle of Nicopolis

680

What did the Lex Manilia do?

transferred command against Mithridates from Lucullus to Pompey

681

Who passed the Lex Manilia?

the tribune Gaius Manlius

682

What law was passed in 66 BC?

Lex Manilia

683

What Armenian king did Lucullus defeat at the Battle of Tigranocerta?

Tigranes the Great

684

What battle took place in 69 BC?

Battle of Tigranocerta

685

Who had command against Mithridates for the first part of the Third Mithridatic War?

Lucius Licinius Lucullus

686

What war took place from 73-63 BC?

Third Mithridatic War

687

How long did it take Pompey to clear the Mediterranean of pirates and in what year?

3 months in 66 BC

688

What did the Lex Gabinia do?

gave Pompey command against the pirates in the Mediterranean

689

Who passed the Lex Gabinia?

the tribune Aulus Gabinius

690

What law was passed in 67 BC?

Lex Gabinia

691

In what two years are Pompey and Crassus consuls?

70 BC and 55 BC

692

Where was the slave revolt subdued?

Apulia

693

Who eventually subdued Spartacus' revolt?

Marcus Licinius Crassus

694

Where did Spartacus start a slave revolt?

Capua

695

Who started a slave revolt in 73 BC?

the Thracian slave Spartacus

696

What war took place from 73-71 BC?

War with Spartacus

697

Who was the Second Mithridatic War between?

Licinius Murena vs. Mithridates VI

698

What war took place from 73-71 BC?

Second Mithridatic War

699

What did Sulla's second march on Rome basically accomplish?

remodeled the Republican government

700

What was Sulla's list of people he wanted killed called?

Sulla's prescriptions

701

Who assassinated Sertorius?

Marcus Perperna

702

When was Sertorius assassinated?

72 BC

703

Which of Marian's proconsuls of Hispania held out against Sulla's forces until 72 BC?

Sertorius

704

What did the Battle of Colline Gate do?

solidify Sulla's control of Rome

705

What battle took place in 82 BC?

Battle of Colline Gate

706

Who was the consul of 82 BC?

Carbo

707

When did Cinna die?

84 BC

708

How does Cinna die?

by a mutiny of his own troops

709

Who were the big leaders in Rome when Sulla was in Greece fighting Mithridates?

Papirius Carbo and Cornelius Cinna

710

What were the Optimates?

richer traditionalists wishing to limit the power of the popular assemblies and tribunate

711

What were the Populares?

popular assemblies and tribunate

712

What was Rome divided by?

the Populares and the Optimates

713

When was the Treaty of Dardanus finished?

85 BC

714

What treaty ended the First Mithridatic War?

Treaty of Dardanus

715

What was Sulla's most famous feat in the First Mithridatic War?

the siege of Athens

716

What siege took place in 86 BC?

Siege of Athens

717

What was the result of Sulla's command transferring to Marius?

Sulla's first march on Rome

718

Who transferred command against Mithridates from Sulla to Marius?

the tribune Sulpicius Rufus

719

Who had been chosen by the senate to fight Mithridates?

Sulla

720

What is Mithridates' massacre called and when did it occur?

Asiatic Vespers- 88 BC

721

What did Mithridates VI do to start the First Mithridatic War?

he took territory in the east and massacred Italian residents there

722

Who was the First Mithridatic War against?

Mithridates VI of Pontus

723

What war took place from 89-85 BC?

The First Mithridatic War

724

What did the Lex Plautia Papiria do?

citizens of Italian communities that had previously rebelled can now gain Roman citizenship

725

What law was passed in 89 BC?

Lex Plautia Papiria

726

What did the Lex Iulia do?

Julius Caesar offered Roman citizenship to all citizens of Italy who had not raised arms against Rome in the Social War

727

What law was passed in 90 BC?

Lex Iulia

728

What was the Social War fought over?

whether or not the non-Roman Italians should have citizenship

729

Why was the Social War also known as the Marsic War?

because the Romans were fighting the Marsi

730

What are two other names for the Social War?

the Italian War or the Marsic War

731

What war took place from 91-88 BC?

the Social War

732

What did the Senatus Consultum Ultimum against Saturninus do?

gave Marius the right to stop him

733

What did the senate pass against Saturninus and why?

a Senatus Consultum Ultimum for mob violence

734

How many times did Saturninus serve as tribune?

3 times

735

What enemy of Marius was a tribune killed in 100 BC?

Lucius Appuleius Saturninus

736

What war was ended by the Battle of Vercellae?

War with Cimbri and Teutons

737

Who was defeated at Vercellae?

the Cimbri

738

Who were the Roman commanders at Vercellae?

Gaius Marius and Lutatius Catullus

739

What battle took place in 101 BC?

Battle of Vercellae

740

Who was defeated at the Battle of Aquae Sextiae?

Teutones

741

Who was the Roman commander at Aquae Sextiae?

Gaius Marius

742

What battle took place in 102 BC?

Battle of Aquae Sextiae

743

Who defeated the Romans at Arausio?

the Cimbri and Teutones

744

Who were the Roman commanders at Arausio?

Servilius Caepio and Mallius Maximus

745

What battle took place in 105 BC?

Battle of Arausio

746

When was Jugurtha killed?

104 BC

747

Where was Jugurtha killed?

Tullianum

748

How did Marius and Sulla beat Jugurtha?

Sulla convinced the Mauritanian ruler Bocchus I to betray Jugurtha to the Romans

749

When did Marius and Sulla beat Jugurtha?

105 BC

750

Who finally defeated Jugurtha?

Marius and his quaestor Lucius Cornelius Sulla "Felix"

751

Who was the kingdom of Numidia divided between when its king died?

between Micipsa's sons Hiempsal and Adherbal and his step-son (and nephew) Jugurtha

752

Who died in 118 BC, causing a division in his kingdom?

Micipsa, King of Numidia

753

When was Marius' last consulship?

86 BC

754

When was Marius' first consulship?

107 BC

755

How many consecutive consulship a did Marius hold?

5

756

What consul reformed the Roman army in 1st century BC?

Marius

757

What was Marius known as?

a novus homo (he's not the only one but one of the most famous)

758

Where was Marius from?

Arpinum

759

Who held the consulship seven times?

Gaius Marius

760

Who bequeathed Pergamum to Rome?

Attalus III

761

When was Pergamum given to Rome?

133 BC

762

What became the Roman province of Asia?

Pergamum

763

How did Gaius Gracchus did?

suicide

764

Where did Gaius Gracchus flee to?

the grove of Furina on Janiculum

765

What did the senate pass that gave Opimius the power to stop Gaius at all costs?

Senatus Consultum Ultimum

766

Which political enemy of Gaius was elected consul in 121 BC?

Lucius Opimius

767

Who was elected tribune in 123 and 122?

Gaius Gracchus

768

How did Tiberius Gracchus convince the senate to revolt against Tiberius?

said Tiberius was trying to become king

769

What was Scipio Nasica's relation to Tiberius Gracchus?

they were cousins

770

In what year was there a revolt against Tiberius Gracchus?

133 BC

771

Who lead the senate in a revolt to kill Tiberius Gracchus?

Scipio Nasica

772

What tribune vetoed Tiberius Gracchus' land law?

Marcus Octavius

773

What did Tiberius Gracchus' land law do?

reinstate that no citizen should be able to hold over 500 iugera of land

774

What law did Tiberius Gracchus attempt to push?

land law

775

Who was elected tribune in 133 BC?

Tiberius Gracchus

776

What did Cornelia call her sons?

"Gemae" (her jewels)

777

Who were the sons of Cornelia?

Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus

778

Who was the daughter of Scipio Africanus?

Cornelia

779

What becomes a Roman province in 146 BC?

Achaea

780

What battle marks the end of the Roman-Greek conflict?

Battle of Corinth

781

What city was destroyed by Lucius Mummius in 146 BC?

Corinth

782

Who was defeated at the Battle of Corinth?

Achaean League?

783

Who is the Roman leader at the Battle of Corinth?

Lucius Mummius

784

What battle takes place in 146 BC?

Battle of Corinth

785

When does Macedonia become a province?

148 BC

786

Who was Andriscus?

a pretender to the throne of Macedon

787

Who was defeated in the Fourth Macedonian War?

Andriscus

788

Who was the Roman leader during the Fourth Macedonian War?

(Quintus Caecilius) Metellus Macedonicus

789

What was took place from 150-148 BC?

Fourth Macedonian War

790

Who was defeated at the Battle of Pydna?

King Perseus of Macedon

791

Who was the Roman leader at Pydna?

Lucius Aemilius Paullus

792

What battle took place in 168 BC?

Battle of Pydna

793

What war took place from 171-168 BC?

Third Macedonian War

794

What treaty ends the Seleucid War?

Treaty of Apamea

795

Who did the Romans defeat at the Battle of Magnesia?

Antiochus III

796

Who were the Roman commanders at Magnesia?

Scipio Africanus and brother Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiastucus

797

What battle took place in 190/189 BC?

Battle of Magnesia

798

Who did Glabrio defeat at Thermopylae?

Antiochus III

799

Who was the Roman commander at Thermopylae?

(Manius Acilius) Glabrio

800

What battle took place in 191 BC?

Battle of Thermopylae

801

Who did Antiochus III ally with during the Seleucid War?

the Aetolian League and Hannibal

802

Who did Rome make war with in 192 BC?

Antiochus III of the Selecuid Empire

803

What war took place from 192-188 BC?

Seleucid War

804

What did the Battle of Cynoscephalae show?

the superiority of the Legion over the Phallanx

805

Where did Flamininus declare peace and freedom for Greece?

the Isthmian games of 196 BC

806

Who declared peace and freedom for Greece in 196 BC?

Flamininus

807

Who was the Macedonian leader at Cynoscephalae?

Phillip V

808

Who was the Roman commander at Cynoscephalae?

Titus Quinctius Flamininus

809

What battle took place in 197 BC?

Battle of Cynoscephalae

810

What war took place from 200-196 BC?

Second Macedonian War

811

Who lead Illyria in the Second Illyrian War?

Demretrius of Pharos

812

What war took place from 220-219 BC?

Second Illyrian War

813

Who was the leader of the Illyrian pirates during the first Illyrian War?

Queen Teuta

814

What war took place from 229-228 BC?

First Illyrian War

815

Who captured the Celtiberian city of Numantia?

Scipio Aemilianus

816

What siege took place in 133 BC?

the siege of Numantia

817

What is Viriathus called?

the "first national hero of Portugal"

818

Who did Rome fight with from 146-140 BC?

Lusitanian chieftain, Viriathus

819

Who are the three winners of the spolia opima?

Romulus, Cossus, and Marcellus

820

What becomes a Roman province in 146 BC?

Africa

821

What was Cato the Elder famous for saying?

"Carthago delenda est." (Carthage must be destroyed)

822

Who stormed Carthage, destroying it?

Scipio Aemilianus

823

When was Carthage stormed?

146 BC

824

Who did Rome sign a treaty with in 226 BC?

Carthage

825

What treaty was signed in 226 BC?

Ebro Treaty

826

What did the Ebro treaty do?

says Carthage won't go north of the Ebro River in Spain

827

What what year was the Ebro Treaty made?

226 BC

828

In what year did Hannibal gain control of Spain?

221 BC

829

What town did Carthage lay siege to in 219 BC, starting the Second Punic War?

Saguntum

830

What battles took place in 218 BC?

Battle of Ticinus River and Battle of Trebia River

831

Who is the Roman leader at Ticinus River?

Publius Cornelius Scipio (the Elder)

832

Who is the Carthaginian leader at Ticinus River?

Hannibal

833

Who was the winner at Ticinus River?

Hannibal (Carthage)

834

Who saves Publius Cornelius Scipio's life at the Battle of Ticinus River?

his son, the future Africanus

835

When was the Battle of Ticinus River?

218 BC

836

Who were the Roman commanders at Trebia River?

Publius Cornelius Scipio and Tiberius Sempronius Longus

837

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Trebia River?

Hannibal

838

Who was the winner at Trebia River?

Hannibal (Carthage)

839

When was the Battle of Trebia River?

218 BC

840

What battle took place in 217 BC?

The Battle of Lake Trasimene

841

Who is the Roman commander at Lake Trasimene?

Gaius Flaminius

842

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Lake Trasimene?

Hannibal

843

Who won the Battle of Lake Trasimene?

Hannibal (Carthage)

844

Where does Gaius Flaminius die?

He dies in the Battle of Lake Trasimene?

845

When was the Battle of Lake Trasimene?

217 BC

846

Who was appointed dictator after the disaster at Trasimene?

Quintus Fabius Maximus Cunctator

847

How did Quintus Fabius Maximus Cunctator earn the agnomen "cunctator"?

for the delaying tactics he used against Hannibal

848

What is Quintus Fabius Maximus known as?

the "shield of Rome"

849

What battle took place in 216 BC?

Battle of Cannae

850

Who were the Roman commanders at Cannae?

Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Tarentius Varro

851

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Cannae?

Hannibal

852

Who won the Battle of Cannae?

Hannibal (Carthage)

853

What Roman commander died at the Battle of Cannae?

Lucius Aemilius Paullus

854

What did Tarentius Varro receive when he returned to Rome?

a warm reception despite the disaster

855

What city was recaptured in 211 BC?

Syracuse

856

Who recaptured Syracuse in 211 BC?

Marcus Claudius Marcellus

857

What famous scientist was accidentally killed when the Romans rushed Syracuse?

Archimedes

858

Who received the spolia opima in the Second Punic War?

Marcus Claudius Marcellus

859

What was Claudius Marcellus known as?

the "sword of Rome"

860

What battle took place in 207 BC?

Metaurus River

861

Who were the Roman commanders at Metaurus River?

Gaius Claudius Nero and Marcus Livius Salinator

862

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Metaurus River?

Hasdrubal Barca

863

Who won at Metaurus River?

Rome

864

What happened to Hasdrubal Barca?

he was decapitated and his head was thrown into the Carthaginian camp

865

When was Metaurus River?

207 BC

866

What battle took place in 206 BC?

Ilipa

867

Who is the Roman commander at Ilipa?

Scipio (the future) Africanus

868

What did Scipio Africanus do at Ilipa?

cut off Iberia from the Carthaginians

869

What was the result of Ilipa?

Spain was given to Scipio

870

What battle took place in 203 BC?

Battle of Campi Magni (Great Plains)

871

Who were the Roman commanders at Campi Magni?

Scipio (the future) Africanus and Gaius Laelius

872

Who was the Numidian cavalry commander on the Roman side at Campi Magni?

Massinissa

873

Who was the Numidian commander on the side of the Carthaginians at Ilipa?

Syphax

874

Who was the Carthaginian commander at the Battle of Campi Magni?

Hasdrubal (son of) Gisgo

875

Who won at the Battle of Campi Magni?

Rome

876

What battle took place in 202 BC?

Battle of Zama

877

Who were the Roman commanders at Zama?

Scipio Africanus and Masinissa

878

Who was the Carthaginian commander at Zama?

Hannibal

879

Who lost at Zama?

Carthage

880

What battle ended the Second Punic War?

Battle of Zama

881

What were the years of the Third Punic War?

149-146 BC

882

What city did Rome lay siege to, beginning in 149 BC?

Carthage

883

When was Carthage stormed?

146 BC

884

Who stormed Carthage, destroying it?

Scipio Aemilianus

885

What was Cato the Elder famous for saying?

"Carthago delenda est." (Carthage must be destroyed)

886

What becomes a Roman province in 146 BC?

Africa

887

Who are the three winners of the spolia opima?

Romulus, Cossus, and Marcellus

888

Who did Rome fight with from 146-140 BC?

Lusitanian chieftain, Viriathus

889

What is Viriathus called?

the "first national hero of Portugal"

890

What siege took place in 133 BC?

the siege of Numantia

891

Who captured the Celtiberian city of Numantia?

Scipio Aemilianus

892

What war took place from 229-228 BC?

First Illyrian War

893

Who was the leader of the Illyrian pirates during the first Illyrian War?

Queen Teuta

894

What war took place from 220-219 BC?

Second Illyrian War

895

Who lead Illyria in the Second Illyrian War?

Demretrius of Pharos

896

What war took place from 200-196 BC?

Second Macedonian War

897

What battle took place in 197 BC?

Battle of Cynoscephalae

898

Who was the Roman commander at Cynoscephalae?

Titus Quinctius Flamininus

899

Who was the Macedonian leader at Cynoscephalae?

Phillip V

900

Who declared peace and freedom for Greece in 196 BC?

Flamininus

901

Where did Flamininus declare peace and freedom for Greece?

the Isthmian games of 196 BC

902

What did the Battle of Cynoscephalae show?

the superiority of the Legion over the Phallanx

903

What war took place from 192-188 BC?

Seleucid War

904

What does Augustus use to make Antony look bad?

propaganda

905

How did Mark Antony and Cleopatra die?

suicide

906

Who were the losers at Actium?

Mark Antony and Cleopatra

907

Who were the winners at Actium?

Octavian and Agrippa

908

What battle took place in 31 BC?

Battle of Actium

909

Who does Mark Antony have an open affair with?

Cleopatra VII of Egypt

910

Why did Marcus Agrippa go to battle against Sextus Pompeius?

Sextus had been preventing the grain supply on Sicily from reaching Rome

911

Where did the Battle of Naulochus take place?

off of Sicily

912

Who was the loser at Naulochus?

Sextus Pompeius (son of Pompey)

913

Who was the winner at Naulochus?

Marcus Agrippa, famous general of Octavian

914

What kind of battle was the Battle of Naulochus?

naval

915

What battle occurred in 36 BC?

Battle of Naulochus

916

What did Lepidus get from the Treaty of Brundisium?

Hispania and Africa

917

What did Antony get from the Treaty of Brundisium?

the east empire

918

What did Octavian get from the Treaty of Brundisium?

the west empire

919

What treaty is formed in 49 BC?

Treaty of Brundisium

920

How did Brutus and Cassius die?

they kill themselves

921

Who were the losers at Philippi?

Brutus and Cassius

922

Who were the winners at Philippi?

Octavian and Mark Antony

923

What battle took place in 42 BC?

Battle of Philippi

924

What legalized the Second Triumvirate?

Lex Titia

925

Where is Cicero killed?

Formiae

926

Who married Mark Antony?

Octavia (sister of Octavius)

927

Who formed the Second Triumvirate?

Gaius Octavius, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony (Marcus Antoninus)

928

When was the Second Triumvirate formed?

43 BC

929

What was Julius Caesar's relationship to Octavius?

Octavius was his grand-nephew (and adopted son)

930

Who was named the sole heir of Julius Caesar?

Gaius Octavius (future Augustus)

931

What is Caesar said to have muttered while dying?

"Et tu, Brute?" "And you, Brutus?" or in Greek, "Kai su, teknon?"

932

On what day was Julius Caesar killed?

March 15, 44 BC

933

Where was Caesar killed?

at the foot of the statue of Pompey

934

How was Caesar killed?

stabbed to death by senators

935

Who led the conspiracy against the life of Julius Caesar?

Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus

936

What title did Julius Caesar receive at one point?

Pater Patriae

937

Who was Julius Caesar planning a campaign against before his assassination?

Parthians

938

Who put his own face on coins?

Julius Caesar

939

What did Caesar reform?

the calendar

940

What temple did Caesar build?

Temple of Venus Genetrix

941

When was Caesar elected dictator for life?

44 BC

942

In what years was Caesar a dictator?

49, 48, and 46 BC

943

Which of Pompey's family members are later defeated by Julius Caesar?

Pompey's sons

944

What former lieutenant does Caesar defeat?

Titus Labienus

945

What battle took place in 45 BC?

Battle of Munda

946

What is Cato the Younger called after committing suicide?

Cato Uticensis

947

Where does Cato the Younger commit suicide?

Utica

948

Who commits suicide after Thapsus?

Cato the Younger

949

Who were the forces of Pompey led by at Thapsus?

Metellus Scipio and the African Juba I

950

What battle takes place in 46 BC?

Battle of Thapsus

951

Who does Caesar defeat at Zela?

Pharnaces (II), son of Mithridates VI of Pontus

952

What battle takes place in 47 BC?

Battle of Zela

953

Who kills Pompey?

the orders of Ptolemy XIII

954

Where does Pompey flee after Pharsalus?

Egypt

955

What happens at Pharsalus?

Caesar decisively defeats Pompey

956

What battle decides the result of the Civil War in 48 BC?

Battle of Pharsalus

957

Who defeated Caesar at the Battle of Dyrrachium?

Pompey

958

What battle occurs in 48 BC?

Battle of Dyrrachium

959

What happened at the Battle of Ilerda?

Caesar marches to Spain and defeats Pompey's commanders

960

What battle took place in 49 BC?

Battle of Ilerda

961

What does Julius Caesar say when passing the Rubicon?

"Alea iacta est"- the die is cast

962

What act of Caesar ignited the civil war?

crossing the Rubicon in 49 BC

963

Who did Rome make war with in 192 BC?

Antiochus III of the Selecuid Empire

964

Who did Antiochus III ally with during the Seleucid War?

the Aetolian League and Hannibal

965

What war takes place from 49-45 BC?

Civil War of Caesar

966

Where and when does Crassus die?

Battle of Carrhae in 53 BC

967

Who did Crassus campaign against in the final years of his life?

Parthians

968

When does Julius Caesar's daughter, Julia, die?

54 BC

969

When do Crassus and Pompey hold the consulship for the second time?

55 BC

970

What happens at the triumvirs' meeting at Luca?

Caesar's command is extended for 5 more years

971

When did the three people in the First Triumvirate meet at Luca?

56 BC

972

Where did the three people in the First Triumvirate meet?

Luca

973

When did Caesar defeat Vercingetorix?

52 BC

974

Where did Caesar defeat Vercingetorix?

Battle of Alesia

975

When was Caesar defeated by Vercingetorix?

52 BC

976

Where was Caesar defeated by Vercingetorix?

Gergovia

977

Who defeated Caesar's forces during the Gallic Wars?

Vercingetorix

978

Who was Caesar's most important enemy during the Gallic Wars?

Vercingetorix of the Arveni

979

When did Caesar cross into Britannia?

55 and 54 BC

980

What war lasted from 58-51 BC?

Caesar's Gallic Wars

981

When was Clodius Pulcher killed?

53 BC

982

How was Clodius Pulcher killed?

in a gang fight against his rival, Milo

983

How was Marcus Tullius Cicero exiled?

Clodius Pulcher (a tribune under Caesar) passed a law against him

984

What did Julius Caesar's five year governship of Cisalpine Gaul, Illyracium, and later Transalpine Gaul allow him to do?

wage his Gallic Wars

985

What did Julius Caesar receive from the First Triumvirate?

a five year governship of Cisalpine Gaul, Illyracium, and later Transalpine Gaul

986

Who was Julius Caesar consul with?

Marcus Bibulus

987

When was Julius Caesar consul?

59 BC

988

When was Julius Caesar pontifex maximus?

63 BC

989

When was Julius Caesar quaestor?

69 BC

990

When was Julius Caesar born?

100 BC

991

What did Pompey get from the First Triumvirate?

land for his veterans

992

How was the First Triumvirate cemented?

when Caesar's daughter Julia married Pompey

993

Who was the First Triumvirate between?

Julius Caesar, Marcus Licinius Crassus, and Pompey the Great

994

What was the First Triumvirate?

a powerful political alliance

995

What year does the First Triumvirate form?

69 BC

996

What is Cicero rewarded for his speeches against Catiline?

"Pater Patriae"

997

Who is most responsible for Catiline's fall?

Cicero

998

What did Catilina have passed against him?

Senatus Consultum Ultimum

999

Who tried to overthrow the Republic in 63 BC?

Lucius Sergius Catilina

1000

What conflict occurs in Rome in 63 BC?

Conspiracy of Catiline

1001

When does Mithridates die?

63 BC

1002

Where does Mithridates die?

Panticapaeum

1003

How does Mithridates die?

suicide

1004

What happens at the Battle of Nicopolis?

Pompey decisively defeats Mithridates

1005

What battle took place in 66 BC?

Battle of Nicopolis

1006

What did the Lex Manilia do?

transferred command against Mithridates from Lucullus to Pompey

1007

Who passed the Lex Manilia?

the tribune Gaius Manlius

1008

What law was passed in 66 BC?

Lex Manilia

1009

What Armenian king did Lucullus defeat at the Battle of Tigranocerta?

Tigranes the Great

1010

What battle took place in 69 BC?

Battle of Tigranocerta

1011

Who had command against Mithridates for the first part of the Third Mithridatic War?

Lucius Licinius Lucullus

1012

What war took place from 73-63 BC?

Third Mithridatic War

1013

How long did it take Pompey to clear the Mediterranean of pirates and in what year?

3 months in 66 BC

1014

What did the Lex Gabinia do?

gave Pompey command against the pirates in the Mediterranean

1015

Who passed the Lex Gabinia?

the tribune Aulus Gabinius

1016

What law was passed in 67 BC?

Lex Gabinia

1017

In what two years are Pompey and Crassus consuls?

70 BC and 55 BC

1018

Where was the slave revolt subdued?

Apulia

1019

Who eventually subdued Spartacus' revolt?

Marcus Licinius Crassus

1020

Where did Spartacus start a slave revolt?

Capua

1021

Who started a slave revolt in 73 BC?

the Thracian slave Spartacus

1022

What war took place from 73-71 BC?

War with Spartacus

1023

Who was the Second Mithridatic War between?

Licinius Murena vs. Mithridates VI

1024

What war took place from 73-71 BC?

Second Mithridatic War

1025

What did Sulla's second march on Rome basically accomplish?

remodeled the Republican government

1026

What was Sulla's list of people he wanted killed called?

Sulla's prescriptions

1027

Who assassinated Sertorius?

Marcus Perperna

1028

When was Sertorius assassinated?

72 BC

1029

Which of Marian's proconsuls of Hispania held out against Sulla's forces until 72 BC?

Sertorius

1030

What did the Battle of Colline Gate do?

solidify Sulla's control of Rome

1031

What battle took place in 82 BC?

Battle of Colline Gate

1032

Who was the consul of 82 BC?

Carbo

1033

When did Cinna die?

84 BC

1034

How does Cinna die?

by a mutiny of his own troops

1035

Who were the big leaders in Rome when Sulla was in Greece fighting Mithridates?

Papirius Carbo and Cornelius Cinna

1036

What were the Optimates?

richer traditionalists wishing to limit the power of the popular assemblies and tribunate

1037

What were the Populares?

popular assemblies and tribunate

1038

What was Rome divided by?

the Populares and the Optimates

1039

When was the Treaty of Dardanus finished?

85 BC

1040

What battle took place in 191 BC?

Battle of Thermopylae

1041

Who was defeated at the Battle of Corinth?

Achaean League?

1042

What treaty ended the First Mithridatic War?

Treaty of Dardanus

1043

What was Sulla's most famous feat in the First Mithridatic War?

the siege of Athens

1044

What siege took place in 86 BC?

Siege of Athens

1045

What was the result of Sulla's command transferring to Marius?

Sulla's first march on Rome

1046

Who transferred command against Mithridates from Sulla to Marius?

the tribune Sulpicius Rufus

1047

Who had been chosen by the senate to fight Mithridates?

Sulla

1048

What is Mithridates' massacre called and when did it occur?

Asiatic Vespers- 88 BC

1049

What did Mithridates VI do to start the First Mithridatic War?

he took territory in the east and massacred Italian residents there

1050

Who was the First Mithridatic War against?

Mithridates VI of Pontus

1051

What war took place from 89-85 BC?

The First Mithridatic War

1052

What did the Lex Plautia Papiria do?

citizens of Italian communities that had previously rebelled can now gain Roman citizenship

1053

What law was passed in 89 BC?

Lex Plautia Papiria

1054

What did the Lex Iulia do?

Julius Caesar offered Roman citizenship to all citizens of Italy who had not raised arms against Rome in the Social War

1055

What law was passed in 90 BC?

Lex Iulia

1056

What was the Social War fought over?

whether or not the non-Roman Italians should have citizenship

1057

Why was the Social War also known as the Marsic War?

because the Romans were fighting the Marsi

1058

What are two other names for the Social War?

the Italian War or the Marsic War

1059

What war took place from 91-88 BC?

the Social War

1060

What did the Senatus Consultum Ultimum against Saturninus do?

gave Marius the right to stop him

1061

What did the senate pass against Saturninus and why?

a Senatus Consultum Ultimum for mob violence

1062

How many times did Saturninus serve as tribune?

3 times

1063

What enemy of Marius was a tribune killed in 100 BC?

Lucius Appuleius Saturninus

1064

What war was ended by the Battle of Vercellae?

War with Cimbri and Teutons

1065

Who was defeated at Vercellae?

the Cimbri

1066

Who were the Roman commanders at Vercellae?

Gaius Marius and Lutatius Catullus

1067

What battle took place in 101 BC?