history midterm 2015 Flashcards Preview

Allie's Flashcardlet > history midterm 2015 > Flashcards

Flashcards in history midterm 2015 Deck (106):
0

They use this to see how old something was when it was once alive

Radiocarbon dating

1

People who move from place to place

Nomads

2

Maize

Corn

3

Underground house built by the Anasazi for worship

Kivas

4

A system that promises land and protection in return for work and military support

Feudalism

5

Rebirth in the interest in learning

Renaissance

6

A new type of ship that was used by early explorers to the Americas that contained the ballas, the lateen sails

Caravel

7

A navigating device that uses the sun location in relationship to the horizon to determine where they were

Astrolabe

8

The exchange of goods between the old world and the new world after Columbus discovered the Americas

Colombian exchange

9

Spanish conqueror

Conquistadors

10

Separatists who wanted to separate themselves from the English church; founded Plymouth colony

Pilgrims

11

Wanted to purify the English church if Catholic rituals. They left because they were persecuted. Founded Massachusetts

Puritans

12

Spanish ranch

Hacienda

13

Land the conquistadors gave the people they fought for them. Included land, and natives who worked on it

Encomienda

14

The leg of the triangular trade that brought slaves to America.

Middle Passage

15

Trade between Old world (Europe), New world (America), Africa

Triangular trade

16

Person skilled in a creative craft

Artisan

17

Idea that a country's power depended on its wealth

Merchantilism

18

Age of reason. Idea that all problems in the world can be solved by logic and reason

Enlightenment

19

A person who worked for so many years to get their passage to America

Indentured servant

20

Search warrant

Writ of assistance

21

Militia for the American army that could be ready in a minute

Minutemen

22

Person who was loyal and thought we shouldn't have a revolution against the king

Loyalist

23

Someone loyal to the revolution

Patriot

24

Where people have the power through voting; select their own form of government

Republic

25

Freeing of slaves

Emancipation

26

The idea that people should be able to choose their form of government

Popular sovereignty

27

Change to the constitution; 27 to our constitution

Amendment

28

People who wanted the constitution to be ratified; wrote 88 papers encouraging the ratification of the constitution

Federalists

29

People who did not want the constitution to be ratification

Anti-Federalist

30

Approval of the constitution; 9 of 13 colonies has to agree for it to be passed

Ratification

31

The steps that government must take to ensure that everyone is treated equally under the law

Due process

32

First 10 amendments of the constitution

Bill of Rights

33

The idea that law passed by congress is unconstitutional they can declare a law invalid or not obey it

Nullification

34

The right of the Supreme Court to declare a law passed by congress to be unconstitutional. The case that established this was Marbury v. Madison

Judicial review

35

The largest group of the social status; small land holders

Yeoman Farmer

36

When John Adams gave Clay a cabinet post because he swung his support to him during the election

Corrupt bargain

37

Conquered the Incas

Fransisco Pizarro

38

He landed in the Bahamas on San Salvador Island

Christopher Columbus

39

Means "Ancient ones" lived in the American Southwest; built a city called Pueblo Ponito located in Chaco canyon; later moved to Mesa Verdes

Anasazi

40

A Portugal prince who set up a school to teach captains how to navigate

Henry the Navigator

41

First to lead a group that circumnavigated the globe. He didn't because he died

Ferdinand Magellan

42

Conquered the Aztec

Hernan Cortez

43

Explored the St. Lawrence River; claimed all of was it now Canada for France and named it New France

Jacques Cartier

44

Leader of the Jamestown colony; established relationships with the Powhotan people

John Smith

45

Daughter of the leader of the Powhotan people; according to him she saved John Smith; married John Rolfe

Pocahontas

46

He helped the pilgrims survive and celebrated the first Thanksgiving with them; taught them how to grow corn

Squanto

47

Hid the charter for 4 years to become the head of the Massachusetts Bay colony

John Winthrop

48

Founded Pennsylvania

William Penn

49

Led a revolt of the backcountry farmers against the governor of Virginia

Nathaniel Bacon

50

His ideas were the basis of Thomas Jeffersons writing if the Declaration of Independence; British philosopher; wrote Two Treaties of Government

John Locke

51

Wrote Common Sense and The Crisis; the Crisis was read at Valley Forge

Thomas Paine

52

Leader of the sons of liberty in Boston

Sam Adams

53

Silversmith in Boston; member of the Son of Liberty; wrote pamphlets to encourage revolution; rode to warn the colonists in Lexington and Concord

Paul a Revere

54

3rd President; wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence; interested in the Louisiana Purchase

Thomas Jefferson

55

British General in command of British troops in North America after Gage resigned

William Howe

56

Swamp-fox; led guerrilla group in South Carolina

Francis Marion

57

British General in the south; surrender to the Americans at Yorktown

Charles Cornwallis

58

1st President; leader of the Continental Army

George Washington

59

Wrote the Virginia Plan; called Father of Our Constitution; wrote constitution for Virginia; also a President

James Madison

60

Explored the Louisiana Territory

Lewis and Clarke

61

Went with Lewis and Clarke Mandan port, western to her people to get horses

Sacajawea

62

Representative in congress from Kentucky; fought for states rights; entered into the Corrupt bargain with Adams

Henry Clay

63

Called "Old Hickory"; president of the U.S.; General in the American Army; indian fighter; hero in the Battle of New Orleans

Andrew Jackson

64

Invented the telegraph and Morse Code

Samuel Morse

65

Invented cotton gin and interchangeable parts

Eli Whitney

66

Invented the Steamboat

Robert Fulton

67

Led a rebellion against slave holders in Virgina; killed a lot of women and children; tried and executed

Nat Turner

68

First permanent European settlement in the new world

Santo Domingo

69

Where Columbus landed in the Bahamas

San Salvador

70

First permanent Spanish settlement in North America (present day US)

St. Augustine

71

The oldest permanent French settlement in North America

Quebec

72

Capital city of the Aztecs; Mexico City is built on this site

Tenochtitlán

73

Oldest permanent English settlement in North America

Jamestown

74

The landbridge

Beringia

75

Where pueblo ponito was built

Chaco Canyon

76

Found in 1620 by the Pilgrims; in Massachusetts

Plymouth

77

Battle in which Americans fought the British hard enough that caused them to withdrawal from Boston

Bunker Hill

78

First shots of the American Revolution

Lexington and Concord

79

Where Washingtons troops spent the harsh winter

Valley Forge

80

Last major of the Revolutionary War

Yorktown

81

Turning point of the war in the north

Saratoga

82

Where the first and second continental congress met

Philadelphia

83

First english settlement in North America (not permanent)

Roanoke Island

84

Turning point for the war in the south

Kings Mountain

85

Battle of Bunker Hill was actually fought on

Breeds hill

86

The bring of William and Mary to the throne of English; no blood shed

Glorious Revolution

87

Fought over the Ohio River Valley

French and Indian War

88

First direct tax on American colonists

Stamp Act

89

People who wanted a revolution

Sons of Liberty

90

A conflict between civilians and Briitish soldier from Boston Common; 4 people died; Forst was Crispus Aticks

Boston Massacre

91

Agreement sent to King George to avoid war; he rejected it

Olive Branch Petition

92

Our first government as a country

Articles of Confederation

93

Plan for a constitution presented by James Madison who wrote it; most was used for our Constitution; one compromise, The Great Compromise (set up the senate to have two reps from each state, the houses reps based on population)

Virginia Plan

94

Established judicial review

Marbury v. Madison

95

Bought Louisiana from France; explored by Lewis and Clarke from 1804-1806

Louisiana Purchase

96

Determined how the land would be divided in North west territory and governed

Northwest Ordinance

97

When the sons of liberty threw tea into Boston Harbor

Boston Tea Party

98

A document stating that countries are no longer open for European civilizations

Monroe Doctrine

99

Drew a line in the Louisiana Territory. North of the line=slate state. South of the line=free state

The Missouri Compromise

100

Also known as the Great Compromise which determined representation in the house of the Senate

Connecticut Compromise

101

founded Plymouth colony

Pilgrims

102

They left England because they were persecuted.

Puritans

103

Founded Massachusetts

Puritans

104

The Anasazi built a city called ____ located in Chaco canyon; later moved to Mesa Verdes

Pueblo Ponito

105

The Crisis was read at ______

Valley Forge

Decks in Allie's Flashcardlet Class (69):