History of Monarchy and Republic Regional Study Guide Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in History of Monarchy and Republic Regional Study Guide Deck (206):
1

When did the monarchy begin?

April 21, 753 BC

2

When did the monarchy end?

510 BC

3

How many Roman kings were there?

seven

4

Who was the first king of Rome?

Romulus

5

Who was the father of Romulus

Mars

6

Who was the mother of Romulus

Rhea Silvia

7

Who was the brother of Romulus?

Remus

8

Who were Romulus and Remus raised by?

Faustulus the shepard

9

Who was the wife of Faustulus?

Acca Laurentia

10

Who was the grandfather of Romulus?

Numitor

11

Where did Romulus go to help his grandfather get his throne back?

Alba Longa

12

Who took the throne from Numitor?

Amulius

13

On which hill did Romulus build a city?

Palatine

14

On which hill did Remus build a city?

Aventine

15

Who was Romulus's wife?

Hersilia

16

Who did Romulus co-rule with?

Titus Tatius

17

Where was Titus Tatius from?

Sabinia

18

What was Romulus called after death?

Quirinus

19

Who was the second king of Rome?

Numa Pompilius

20

Which king invented the calendar?

Numa Pompilius

21

Which king established religion?

Numa Pompilius

22

Who was the consort of Numa Pompilius?

Egeria

23

What was unique about Egeria?

a nymph

24

Who was the third king of Rome?

Tullus Hostilius

25

What city did Tullus Hostilius destroy?

Alba Longa

26

Who was the king of Alba Longa when it was destroyed?

Mettius Fufetius

27

What two sets of triplets fought during the reign of Tullus Hostilius?

The Roman Horatii triplets and the Alban Curiatii triplets

28

Which king built the Curia?

Tullus Hostilius

29

Who was the fourth king of Rome?

Ancus Marcius

30

Which king was said to have build the Pons Sublicius?

Ancus Marcius

31

What was the first bridge across the Tiber river?

Pons Sublicius

32

Who was the fifth king of Rome?

Tarquinius Priscus

33

What does "Priscus" mean in Tarquinius Priscus's name?

The Elder

34

Who was the wife of Tarquinius Priscus?

Tanaquil

35

Which king is said to have drained the Forum and begun work on the Circus Maximus?

Tarquinius Priscus

36

Who was the sixth king of Rome?

Servius Tullius

37

Which king was supposedly born a slave?

Servius Tullius

38

Which king built the Servian wall?

Servius Tullius

39

Who killed Servius Tullius?

his daughter Tullia and Superbus, her husband

40

Who was the seventh king of Rome?

Tarquinius Superbus

41

Which king of Rome was also known as, "The Proud"?

Tarquinius Superbus

42

Which king of Rome built the Cloaca Maxima?

Tarquinius Superbus

43

When did the Republic begin?

509 BC

44

When did the Republic end?

27 BC

45

Who were the first two consuls of the republic?

Lucius Junius Brutus and Collatinus

46

What is the name of Collatinus's wife who was raped by Tarquinius's son, told the consuls, and then killed herself?

Lucretia

47

With whom did Tarquinius Superbus seek help after beign chased out of Rome?

The Etruscans

48

What is the name of the Etruscan king who fought the Romans in the early republic?

Lars Porsenna

49

What was the capital city of Etruria during the early republic?

Clusium

50

What man fought Etruscans at Sublician Bridge (Pons Sublicius)?

Horatius Cocles

51

What was Horatius Cocles also known as?

One-Eyed

52

What man tried to kill Porsenna, was captured, then thrust his right arm into a fire to prove his bravery, and was released because of this?

Gaius Mucius Scaevola

53

What nickname was given to Gaius Mucius Scaevola?

Lefty

54

What Roman girl held by Porsenna swam the Tiber to get back to Rome?

Cloelia

55

Who defeated the Volscian city of Corioli, was exiled from Rome, and then attacked Rome,but was only stopped by the pleas of his mother and wife?

Coriolanus

56

Who was the wife of Coriolanus?

Volumnia

57

Who was the mother of Coriolanus?

Veturia

58

Who was dictator in 458 BC?

Cincinnatus

59

For how many days was Cincinnatus dictator?

16

60

Who and where did Cincinnatus fight?

Aequi at Mount Algidus

61

What was the name of the laws codified by the decemviri?

12 Tables

62

Between what years were the 12 Tables written?

451 BC - 450 BC

63

Who led the decemviri?

Appius Claudius

64

Who defeated the Veii, was later exiled, then finally,when he helped rid Rome of Gauls, was called pater patriae?

Camillus

65

What major event occurred in 390 BC?

Gauls beat Rome at Allia River

66

Who was the Gallic chief at Allia River in 390 BC?

Brennus

67

What famous quote did Brennus say, and what does it translate to in English?

Vae Victis - "Woe to the conquered"

68

Name two notable Roman defeats during the 2nd Samnite War, and give the years they occurred.

Caudine Forks (321 BC) and Lautulae (315 BC)

69

What occurred in 312 BC?

Appius Claudius Caecus built the Appian Way and Aqua Appia

70

What was significant about Appius Claudius Caecus?

he was blind

71

What man in an act of devotion charged between his cavalry and the Gauls to his death?

Decius Mus

72

At what battle during what year did Decius Mus fight?

Battle of Sentinum in 295 BC

73

What man was the first to fight Rome with elephants?

Pyrrhus

74

Where was Pyrrhus king of?

Epirus (Greece)

75

What battle took place in 280 BC?

Heraclea

76

What Pyrrhic victory took place in 279 BC?

Asculum

77

What battle took place in 275 BC?

Beneventum

78

Who was the unbribable Roman ambassador who Pyrrhus attempted to bribe?

Fabricius

79

When did the First Punic War begin?

264 BC

80

What were Rome and Carthage fighting over?

Messana(Sicily)

81

What was the first battle of the First Punic War?

Battle of Agrigentum

82

When was the Battle of Agrigentum?

262 BC

83

What type of battle was the Battle of Agrigentum?

land battle

84

What occurred between 261 and 260 BC

Rome builds naval fleet

85

When was the Battle of Mylae?

260 BC

86

What was Rome's first naval victory?

Mylae

87

What type of battle was the Battle of Mylae?

naval

88

What battle occurred in 256 BC?

Ecnomus

89

What kind of battle was Ecnomus?

naval victory

90

Who was admiral during the Battle of Mylae?

Dulius

91

Besides a battle, what occurred in 256 BC?

Regulus lands in Africa

92

When was the defeat of Regulus's army?

255 BC

93

What does Rome Capture in 254 BC?

Panormus

94

What occurred in 250 BC?

Romans win at Panormus; siege of Lilybaeum

95

When did the First Punic War end?

241 BC

96

Who's defeat occurred in 249 BC?

Claudius's

97

Where was the naval defeat in 249 BC located?

Drepanum

98

What bad omen foresaw the naval defeat in 249 BC?

Claudius throws sacred chickens overboard

99

What occurred in 247 BC?

Hamilcar Barca starts Carthaginian offensive in western Sicily

100

What battle occurred in 241 BC?

Aegates Island(Roman naval victory)

101

What was Rome's first province?

Sicily

102

What was Rome's second province?

Corsica and Sardinia

103

What occurred in 237 BC?

Hamilcar to Spain

104

What occurred in 230 BC?

Hasdrubal succeeds Hamilcar in Spain

105

What occurred in 221 BC?

Hannibal succeeds Hasdrubal

106

What occurred in 219 BC?

Hannibal besieges Saguntum

107

When does the Second Punic War begin?

218 BC

108

When does the Second Punic War end?

201 BC

109

What battles occur in 218 BC?

Ticinus River and Trebia River(Rome loses both)

110

When was the Battle of Lake Trasimene?

217 BC

111

What was the outcome of the Battle of Lake Trasimene?

Rome lost(compensated with a victory in a naval battle off the Ebro river)

112

What was the worst Roman defeat up until that point?

Battle of Canae

113

When was the Battle of Canae?

216 BC

114

Which consuls died at the Battle of Canae?

Varro and Paulus(Quintus Fabius Maximus Cunctator is made dictator)

115

What occurred in 211 BC?

Hannibal's March on Rome and the defeat of the Scipios in Spain

116

What occurred in 209 BC?

Capture of New Carthage

117

What occurred in 208 BC?

Battle of Baecula

118

When was Hasdrubal defeated?

207 BC

119

Where was Hasdrubal defeated?

Metaurus River

120

What occurred in 206 BC

Battle of Ilipa

121

What occurred in 204 BC?

Scipio lands in Africa

122

When was the Battle of the Great Plains?

203 BC

123

Who beats who in the Battle of the Great Plains?

Scipio beats Syphax

124

Besides the Battle of the Great Plains, what occurred in 203 BC?

Hannibal recalled to Carthage

125

When was the Battle of Zama?

202 BC

126

Who beats who at the Battle of Zama?

Scipio beats Hannibal

127

What occurred in 201 BC?

peace treaty

128

What was the last battle of the Second Punic War?

Zama

129

When did the Third Punic War begin?

149 BC

130

Which most amazing person said what in 149 BC?

Cato the Elder said, "Carthago delenda est" - Carthage must be destroyed

131

When was Carthage captured?

147 BC

132

Who captured Carthage?

Scipio Aemilianus

133

When was Carthage destroyed?

146 BC

134

What battle took place in 168 BC?

Battle of Pydna

135

Who beat who at the battle of Pydna?

Roman Aemilius Paulus defeats Perseus of Macedon

136

Who bequeathed Pergamum to Rome?

King Attalus III

137

What did King Attalus III bequeath to Rome?

Pergamum

138

What year did King Attalus III Pergamum to Rome?

133 BC

139

Who became tribune in 133 BC?

Tiberius Gracchus

140

Who became tribune in 121 BC

Gaius Gracchus

141

Who is the mother of the Gracchi Brothers?

Cornelia

142

What legislation did Tiberius Gracchus attempt to pass?

Agrarian (land) reform

143

What did the Gracchi Brothers' mother call her sons?

her gems (gemmae)

144

The Gracchi brothers are the grandsons of which famous Roman?

Scipio Africanus

145

How many times did Marius serve as consul?

seven

146

Who did Marius defeat at Aqua Sexitae?

Teutones

147

Who did Marius defeat at Vercellae?

Cimbri

148

When and where did Marius fight the Teutones?

Aqua Sextiae in 102 BC

149

When and where did Marius fight the Cimbri?

Vercellae in 101 BC

150

Who were the two leaders during the Civil War?

Marius vs. Sulla

151

Who did Sulla fight for during the Civil War?

optimates

152

Who did Marius fight for during the Civil War?

populares

153

Between what years was Sulla dictator?

81 BC - 79 BC

154

When was the famous slave revolt?

73 BC - 71 BC

155

Who lead the famous slave revolt?

Spartacus

156

Who defeated Spartacus' slave revolt?

Crassus (with a little help from Pompey)

157

Who were consuls in 70 BC?

Crassus and Pompey

158

What law was written in 67 BC?

Lex Gabinia

159

What did the Lex Gabinia do?

gave Pompey command over pirates in the Mediterranean

160

What law was written in 66 BC?

Lex Manilia

161

What did the Lex Manilia do?

gave Pompey command against Mithridates

162

Where was Mithridates king?

Pontus

163

Name the five major events that happened in 63 BC.

1) Octavian born; 2) Julius Caesar becomes Pontifex Maximus; 3) Cicero consul (with Antonius Hybrida); 4) conspiracy of Catiline; 5) Mithridates dies

164

When did the first triumvirate begin and who was in it?

60 BC with Crassus, Pompey, and Caesar

165

When was the second consulship of Crassus and Pompey?

55 BC

166

Who was consul in 52 BC?

Pompey sole consul

167

What event occurred in 52 BC?

Clodius is killed by Milo's followers

168

What law was established in 43 BC?

Lex Titia

169

What did the Lex Titia do?

made the second triumvirate legal

170

Who were in the second triumvirate?

Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus

171

When was the battle of Actium?

31 BC

172

Who fought during the battle of Actium?

Octavian and Agrippa vs. Antony and Cleopatra

173

What was the aftermath of the battle of Actium?

Octavian wins. Octavian has only army in the Mediterranean

174

When was Caesar born?

July 12, 100 BC

175

What year was Caesar elected Pontifex Maximus?

63 BC

176

When did the first triumvirate begin?

60 BC

177

Who was in the first triumvirate?

Caesar, Crassus, and Pomey

178

When was Caesar's first consulship?

59 BC

179

Who was the other consul in Caesar's first consulship?

Bibilus

180

When was Caesar in Gaul and Britain?

58-50 BC

181

When was the Battle of Gergovia?

52 BC

182

Who was the Gaul's chieftain during the Battle of Gergovia?

Vercingetorix

183

Who won the battle of Gergovia?

Vercingetorix

184

When was the Battle of Alesia?

52 BC

185

Who does Caesar defeat at the Battle of Alesia?

Vercingetorix

186

When did Caesar famously cross the Rubicon River?

49 BC

187

What did Caesar say while he famously crossed the Rubicon River, and what does it mean?

Alea iacta est - the die is cast

188

When was Caesar's first dictatorship?

49 BC

189

When was Caesar's second consulship?

48 BC

190

When was Caesar defeated by Pompey?

48 BC

191

Where was Caesar defeated by Pompey?

Dyrrhachium

192

Where does Caesar defeat Pompey?

Pharsalus

193

When does Caesar defeat Pompey?

48 BC

194

Where does Pompey flee to after being defeated?

Egypt, where Pompey is killed by Egyptians

195

When was the Battle of Zela?

47 BC

196

What occurred at the Battle of Zela?

Caesar beat king Pharnaces

197

What famous line came from the Battle of Zela?

veni, vidi, vici

198

What occurred in 46 BC?

Caesar was made dictator for ten years and Caesar won the Battle of Thapsus

199

What occurred in 45 BC?

Caesar defeats the sons of Pompey at Munda(Spain)

200

When was Caesar made dictator for life?

44 BC

201

When was Caesar killed?

March 15, 44 BC(Ides of March)

202

Who killed Caesar?

senators led by Brutus and Cassius

203

When was the second triumvirate?

43 BC

204

What law made the second triumvirate legal?

Lex Titia

205

Who were the members of the second triumvirate?

Marc Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus

206

What occurred in 42 BC?

Antony and Octavian defeat Cassius and Brutus at Philippi