Flashcards in History of Turntables Deck (10)
What's the first device that would record and replay sound?
Who invented the phonograph and when?
Thomas Edison, 1877
How did the phonograph function?
By inscribing and retrieving audio info on a sheet of heavy tin foil wrapped around a cardboard cylinder.
Who invented the graphophone and when?
Alexander Graham Bell, 1880
What's a graphophone?
A device that retained Edison's cylinder but used wax instead of tin foil as the recording medium. Both were marketed in the late 1800s - often as office dictation machines or as coin-operated record players stationed in public arcades.
What's the first turntable as we know it?
Who invented the gramophone and when?
Emile Berliner, 1895
What's a gramophone?
The first turntable as we know it, utilizing a flat disc instead of a cylinder. Unlike Edison's cylinders, gramophone records - made first from hard rubber, then from shellac, and later from vinyl - could easily be mass produced. As a result, the gramophone dominated the consumer market, with companies such as the Victor Talking Machine Company marketing "Victrolas" to the public
Who invented the phonautograph and when?
Edouard-Leon Scott de Martinville, 1857