History Unit 2- The Cold War Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in History Unit 2- The Cold War Deck (35)
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1

Why were the USA and USSR called 'superpowers'?

Because after WW2 they were left the strongest countries, both militarily and economically

2

Describe the politics of communism

There was only one political party- the Communist party. The people had no choice in the members of the government or any chance to change it

3

Describe the communist economy

There were no private businesses or industries, so no private profit. All industries were owned by the State to benefit everyone

4

Describe the communist belief

Everyone is equal

Encouraged communism in other counties and believed in world revolution

The media was censored

5

Describe the politics of capitalism

There were several parties and voters could chose and rearrange their government

6

Describe the capitalist economy

Most income was generated from privately owned industries and businesses

7

Describe the beliefs of capitalism

Some people will be wealthier than others

Spread influence to other counties to encourage trade and investment

Very little censorship of media

8

Describe US attitudes towards the Soviet Union at the start of the Cold War

Saw them as competition and threat

Didn't agree with their beliefs

They regard them as rivals not as partners

Truman didn't tell Stalin he had the atomic bomb- mistrust

HOWEVER at the end of WW2 the US and USSR had a good relationship (the US trusted the USSR with a share of Europe)

Both sides also got on well at Potsdam

9

Explain what the 'Marriage of Convenience' between the UK, USA and the USSR means

All powers shared a common enemy (Germany) and so they joined together. However once the enemy was defeated the marriage was ended and the USA and USSR began to battle for power

10

What is Bolshevism?

Communism in the Soviet Union

11

When did the Cold War start? And when did it end?

The Cold War took place between 1945 and 1989

12

The Berlin Wall- why was there a crisis in Berlin?

Berlin was in the heart of soviet controlled East Germany

The allies were allowed access the soviet section through rail, road and air however Stalin didn't want the allies inside Berlin

The west wanted to speed up the economic growth of Germany however the Soviet Union wanted the opposite, they wanted to keep Germany weak

Stalin feared a strong democratic and reunited Germany

13

Explain the problems in East Germany before the Berlin Wall was built

During the years the wall was up (1949 to 1961) around 4 million East Germans fled to the West side through Berlin, the Soviet Union was keen to block this up

Soviets were angry as people like doctors and teachers were leaving too

Khrushchev was angry as the western side was doing better than his side of Germany

14

What were the results of the Berlin Wall?

Families were split
Travel restrictions were introduced
The economic crisis in east Germany slowly evaporated
The wall became the symbol of division in the world
It was a reminder to Berlin that their country was a tool of the superpowers

15

When did the Vietnam War take place?

From 1960- 1975

16

What is Bolshevism?

Communism in the Soviet Union

17

When did the Cold War start? And when did it end?

The Cold War took place between 1945 and 1989

18

The Berlin Wall- why was there a crisis in Berlin?

Berlin was in the heart of soviet controlled East Germany

The allies were allowed access the soviet section through rail, road and air however Stalin didn't want the allies inside Berlin

The west wanted to speed up the economic growth of Germany however the Soviet Union wanted the opposite, they wanted to keep Germany weak

Stalin feared a strong democratic and reunited Germany

19

Explain the problems in East Germany before the Berlin Wall was built

During the years the wall was up (1949 to 1961) around 4 million East Germans fled to the West side through Berlin, the Soviet Union was keen to block this up

Soviets were angry as people like doctors and teachers were leaving too

Khrushchev was angry as the western side was doing better than his side of Germany

20

What were the results of the Berlin Wall?

Families were split
Travel restrictions were introduced
The economic crisis in east Germany slowly evaporated
The wall became the symbol of division in the world
It was a reminder to Berlin that their country was a tool of the superpowers

21

When did the Vietnam War take place?

From 1960- 1975

22

Describe the change in US policy towards Vietnam

From 1942 the US helped the Vietminh by training them and equipping them

When Vietnam announced independence in 1945 US policy began to change, the US sided with the Ho Chi Minh and the idea of independent Vietnam

However the French gained control over South Vietnam where the Vietminh were not so strong. With the establishment of the Chinese communist government the USA feared that communism would swear across Africa so they decided to support the French.

23

Why did the Americans become involved in Vietnam?

The Truman Doctrine- promised to stop the spread of communism and to support those who resisted communism

Fear of the Domino Theory- the US became involved because they feared that communism would spread to all countries worldwide

Vietnam was also useful to the US for resources such as tin, rubber and petroleum

24

Why was the USA defeated in Vietnam?

Opposition at home

Effective Guerrilla tactics of the Vietcong

Inexperience of the US troops

Support of the South Vietnamese was leaning towards the Vietcong

The North Vietnamese were fighting for a cause

25

Khrushev's reasons for placing missiles in Cuba

Claimed to be defending Cuba from the US- able to say the weapons were defensive and not offensive

Spread communism into Latin America

Restore the balance of power

It was close the USA- hit any major city

26

Results of the Cuban Missile Crisis for the Superpower relations

Relationships improved- a hot line was set up

No war took place

Large reduction of pressure

Massive decrease in bombs

27

Results of the Cuban Missile Crisis for Cuba

Castro stayed in power

Nuclear weapons were removed

28

Results of the Cuban Missile Crisis on the Soviet Union

Khrushchev lost respect and power

He was heavily criticised by the Chinese

29

Results of the Cuban mission crisis for The USA

Made Kennedy popular

Looked as though America had won

30

Give 5 reasons which contributed to the end of the Cold War

Arms race- huge financial strain USSR couldn't cope

Violation of human rights- US moral high ground

Economic pressure- especially on the USSR

Military might- soviet bloc created and maintained by force