Flashcards in History WWII (5) Deck (31)
What were the the four political "isms"? What countries were an example?
Isolationism-isolation form other countries-USA
Totalitarianism- when political authority has complete control
Communism-a party holds control-Soviet Union
Nazism-German form of fascism-Germany
What were countries preoccupied with in the years leading up to WWII?
Economic crises, high unemployment (the Great Depression)
What were the four causes of WWII?
The rise of dictators
The failure of the treaty of Versailles
Failure of the League of Nations
The failure of appeasement
What is the ribbontrop Molotov?
A non aggression pact involving Russia and Germany
What is the "Pact of Steel?
A agreement between Italy and Germany that they will fight together.
What was the push towards WWII?
When the Nazis invaded Poland
Why did Canada declare war 7 days later than Britain? What war was this?
To show we were independent
What were four reasons Canadians did not join the war? WWII
Repeat of WWI
Sympathy for fascist governments
Lack of support in Quebec
Canadians of Italian and German descent.
What was Hitler's book called?
What battle was fought in the air? WWII
The Battle of Britain
What battle was ongoing throughout WWII?
The Battle of the Atlantic.
What was Canada's seven point plan? WWII
Defence of Canada
Improve Air Force
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP)
Supplies for Britain
Who said materials not men?
What was operation Barbarossa?
When Germany broke the nonaggression pact with Russia.
What was the battle of Hong Kong?
When Japanese forces attained allied forces in Asia
What was the battle of Ortona?
In Italy, the allied forces got closer and closer to Rome.
What was D-day?
Also known as operation overlord the invasion of France from Normandy.
Canadians fought at Juno beach
What was the liberation of holland?
The allies regained the territories one by one and reinstalled the Dutch government.
What was the fall of France, Belgium, and holland?
Germans used the blitzkrieg to invade these countries. They took all of these countries in 6 weeks.
What was operation bodyguard?
British soldiers arresting and taking the identities of German spies to feed them false information.
What was Canada like during the war? WWII
There were very few goods available and many things were rationed. Everyone was helping towards the war effort.
Why were the Jews discriminated against?
Being thought as poor business people, having the wrong religion, behaving inappropriately and possessing inferior human characteristics
What happened on Kristallnacht?
The night of broken glass.
Allegedly, one German official was killed by a Jew.
Nazi gangs destroyed anything Jewish and sent them to concentration camps.
What was in the middle of a town where walls separated people from Jews?
What was the final solution? Jews WWII
Putting Jews into concentration camps.
These included; slave labour camps:forced work until they died
And death camps; the Jews would be forced into "shower chambers" and a toxic gas was released to kill the Jews
About how many Jews were killed in the Holocaust?
About 6 million.
What happened to the Japanese in Canada? WWII
They couldn't work in mines, couldn't vote, schools were shut down, sent to internment camps.
What effect did the end of the war in Europe have on the war in the Pacific?
Since the war ended, they had more troops and supplies to send to the Pacific war.
What was the Manhattan project?
The code name for the atomic bomb