Flashcards in HIV Deck (16)
What does HIV stand for?
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
(if you didn't yell it, it's wrong)
Rank the sexual contact that is most likely to spread HIV to the least. (3)
Receptive anal sex > Insertive anal sex > vaginal sex
What are the main ways of spreading HIV? (3)
-Blood-borne: sharing needles, hospital acquired
-Vertical transmission: pregnancy, birth, breastfeeding
What type of cells does HIV replicate in?
What are the 5 stages of HIV?
-Acute (primary) infection
What's a normal CD4 count?
At what level does a CD4 count become dangerous?
Less than or equal to 200/mcL
What does Vancouver equal?
What are the two main factors in determining HIV progression?
What opportunistic infections do you start to see at a CD4 count of 200/mcL? (3)
-pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia
-progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
What opportunistic infections do you start to see at a CD4 count of 100/mcL? (3)
What opportunistic infections do you start to see at a CD4 count of 50? (1)
-mycobacterium avium complex
What opportunistic infection could you see at any CD4 count in an HIV patient? (1)
What are some HIV related cancers? (3)
-cervical cancer (HPV)
The types of antiretrovirals (5)
Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs)
Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs)