Flashcards in HM Manual CH. Pharmacy Deck (39):
the science dealing with the origin, nature, chemistry, effects and uses of medications
How long do you keep prescriptions on file?
What are the factors that influence dosages?
Sex, race, occupation, habitual use, time of administration, frequency of administaration, mode of administration
Age in yrs/age+12 X AD = CD
Morphine is contraindicated for patients with what?
head injuries, acute alcoholism and convulsive disorders
Primaquine phosphate is contraindicated for who?
G-6 PD deficient personnel
What laxative is recommended by radiology department for use prior to special x-rays?
Diazepam is also known as what?
Cana - convulsive antidote, nerve agent. Typically issued with three mark I NAAK
B1 - Thiamine - treats beriberi
B2 - Riboflavin
B3 - Niacin - treats pellagra
B6 - Pyridoxine - used druing INH Therapy
B12 - Cyanobalamin - treats pernicious anemia
Macrolides are effective against?
Gram positive cocci, nesseria, hemophilis & myobacteria
What do anti-fungals do?
Inhibits or suppresses the growth of fungi, dermatophytes or candida
What is most often used to treat candiasis?
Permethrin is used for what?
Pediculosis capitus (head)
Dithibus pubis (crab lice) also indicated for scabies
-caution for infants, children & pregnant mothers
Metronidazole (flagyl) treats what?
-combining with alcohol can produce violent side effects
What symptoms are associated with malaria?
fever, chills, and flu-like illness
What drug is used to treat petit mal-epilepsy?
What drug is used to treat grand mal-epilepsy?
phenytoin sodium (dilatin)
What drug would you use to treat narcolepsy?
dextroamphetamine sulfate (dexadrine)
Meloxicam (mobic) is contraindicated for whom?
for women in their 3rd trimester of pregnancy
When was smallpox eradicated and who declared it?
1980 - The WHO
What are the two types of balancers?
Class A (torsion)
What is the max number of prescriptions to be written on a polyprescription?
What are the four parts of the DD 1289?
Supercrpition -"RX" symbol means "to take"
Inscription - list the name and quantity of medication to be used
Subscription - gives directions to the compounder
Signa - gives directions for the patient
What kind of storage is required for schedule I&II drugs?
Vault or safe
high abuse potential and no accepted medical use
Narcs, amphetamines, barbituates
-filled within 7 days
non-barbituate sedatives, non-amphetamine stimulatants
-must be filled within 30days
-refills x5 within 6 months
-filled within 30days
-refilled 5 times within 6 months
-filled within 30days
-refilled up to 5 times within 6 months
How many schedules of drugs are there?
Fat soluble vitamins:
A - retinol
D - deficiency leads to rickets
E - tocopherol - protects the cell membrane
K - formation of prothrombin - deficiency increases clotting time
6 rights of medication administraion:
3 names for medications:
chemical - chemical and molecular structure
generic name - derived from the chemical name
brand name - (trade name) given by the manufacturer
What will happen if you let silver nitrate dry out on a patient?
skin turns gray
-condition is know as argyria
What broad-spectrum antibiotics were introduced in 1948?
Why are tetracyclines not indicated for children and pregnant women?
because it produces discoloration of the teeth and depresses bone marrow growth
How many hours before meals should you give tetracyclines?
1-2 hours before
What are macroclides effective against?
gram positive coci, neisseria hemophilus and mycobcteria