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Flashcards in HM Manual CH. Pharmacy Deck (39):
0

Pharmocology:

the science dealing with the origin, nature, chemistry, effects and uses of medications

1

How long do you keep prescriptions on file?

2 years

2

What are the factors that influence dosages?

Sex, race, occupation, habitual use, time of administration, frequency of administaration, mode of administration

3

Young's rule:

Age in yrs/age+12 X AD = CD

4

Morphine is contraindicated for patients with what?

head injuries, acute alcoholism and convulsive disorders

5

Primaquine phosphate is contraindicated for who?

G-6 PD deficient personnel

6

What laxative is recommended by radiology department for use prior to special x-rays?

magnesium citrate

7

Diazepam is also known as what?

Cana - convulsive antidote, nerve agent. Typically issued with three mark I NAAK

8

B vitamins:

B1 - Thiamine - treats beriberi
B2 - Riboflavin
B3 - Niacin - treats pellagra
B6 - Pyridoxine - used druing INH Therapy
B12 - Cyanobalamin - treats pernicious anemia

9

Macrolides are effective against?

Gram positive cocci, nesseria, hemophilis & myobacteria

10

What do anti-fungals do?

Inhibits or suppresses the growth of fungi, dermatophytes or candida

11

What is most often used to treat candiasis?

nystatin (myocostatin)

12

Permethrin is used for what?

Pediculosis capitus (head)
Dithibus pubis (crab lice) also indicated for scabies

-caution for infants, children & pregnant mothers

13

Metronidazole (flagyl) treats what?

Amebiasis

-combining with alcohol can produce violent side effects

14

What symptoms are associated with malaria?

fever, chills, and flu-like illness

15

What drug is used to treat petit mal-epilepsy?

Phenobarbital (luminal)

16

What drug is used to treat grand mal-epilepsy?

phenytoin sodium (dilatin)

17

What drug would you use to treat narcolepsy?

dextroamphetamine sulfate (dexadrine)

18

Meloxicam (mobic) is contraindicated for whom?

for women in their 3rd trimester of pregnancy

19

When was smallpox eradicated and who declared it?

1980 - The WHO

20

What are the two types of balancers?

Class A (torsion)
Electronic

21

What is the max number of prescriptions to be written on a polyprescription?

Four

22

What are the four parts of the DD 1289?

Supercrpition -"RX" symbol means "to take"
Inscription - list the name and quantity of medication to be used
Subscription - gives directions to the compounder
Signa - gives directions for the patient

23

What kind of storage is required for schedule I&II drugs?

Vault or safe

24

Scheduel I:

high abuse potential and no accepted medical use

25

Schedule II:

Narcs, amphetamines, barbituates

-no refills
-filled within 7 days

26

Schedule III:

non-barbituate sedatives, non-amphetamine stimulatants

-must be filled within 30days
-refills x5 within 6 months

27

Schedule IV:

-filled within 30days
-refilled 5 times within 6 months

28

Schedule V:

primary antitussives/antidiarrheals

-filled within 30days
-refilled up to 5 times within 6 months

29

How many schedules of drugs are there?

5

30

Fat soluble vitamins:

A - retinol
D - deficiency leads to rickets
E - tocopherol - protects the cell membrane
K - formation of prothrombin - deficiency increases clotting time

31

6 rights of medication administraion:

PT
MED
ROUTE
DOSE
TIME
DOCUMENT

32

3 names for medications:

chemical - chemical and molecular structure
generic name - derived from the chemical name
brand name - (trade name) given by the manufacturer

33

What will happen if you let silver nitrate dry out on a patient?

skin turns gray
-condition is know as argyria

34

What broad-spectrum antibiotics were introduced in 1948?

Tetracyclines

35

Why are tetracyclines not indicated for children and pregnant women?

because it produces discoloration of the teeth and depresses bone marrow growth

36

How many hours before meals should you give tetracyclines?

1-2 hours before

37

What are macroclides effective against?

gram positive coci, neisseria hemophilus and mycobcteria

38

What is the drug of choice to prevent or relapse of malaria?

primaquine phosphate