Homeostasis, healing and treatment models Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Homeostasis, healing and treatment models Deck (11):
1

What are the osteopathic tenets?

  1. Body is a unit; body, mind, spirit
  2. Body is self-healing, self-regulating, self-maintaining
  3. Structure and funciton are reciprocally interrelated.
  4. Rational treatment is based on understanding and incorporation of above 3 principle

2

Define homeostasis.

  • maintenance of static or constant conditions in internal environment.
  • level of well-being is determined by internal physiologic harmony

3

Explain the difference between allostasis and allostatic load.

  • Allostasis: set of adaptive reactions that help individual maintain homeostasis in the face of multiple stressors. (response to acute stress)
  • Allostatic Load: the accumulation of stressors over time. Eventually the allostatic load can lead to somatic dysfunction.

4

Walk through the pathway that can contribute to form somatic dysfunciton due to allostatic load.

  1. Initial insult (stressor, injury)
  2. allostasis (body compensates for the injury to return to homeostasis)
  3. Allostatic Load increases with repeated events
  4. HPA axis activates SNS
  5. Somatic NS acctivation compensates for the load, and causes somatic dysfunction.

5

Why is there a relationship between allostasis an OMT?

  1. OMT can alleviate some aspects of allostatic load, leading to reduce the stressors and help the body return to homeostasis.
  2. improves regulation of the HPA axis. 
  3. removes mechanisms that restrict lymph flow

6

What are the 5 treatment models of OMT?

  1. Biomechanical
  2. Neurological
  3. Metabolic-Energy
  4. Cardiovascular-Respiratory
  5. Behavioral

7

Explain the anatomical correlation and physiological functions for the biomechanical Model of treatment.

  1. postural muscles, spine, extremities.
  2. Posture and motion

8

Explain the anatomical correlation and physiological functions for the Respiratory-Cardiovascular Model of treatment.

  1. thoracic-inlet, abdominal/pelvic diaphragms, tentorium cerebelli, ribcage
  2. respiration, circulation, venous/lymphatic flow

9

Explain the anatomical correlation and physiological functions for the Metabolic-Energy Model of treatment.

  1. internal organs, endocrine system
  2. metabolic processes, GI, Digestion, immune system, waste removal, reproduction

10

Explain the anatomical correlation and physiological functions for the neurological Model of treatment.

  1. brain, skull, CNS, PNS
  2. coordination, integration, protection, sensation

11

Explain the anatomical correlation and physiological functions for the behavioral Model of treatment.

  1. brain
    1. psychosocial (anxiety, work, family, stress),  habits, values, attitudes, beliefs.