Horatio Nelson and the Battle of Trafalgar Flashcards Preview

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1

Horatio Nelson

1758-1805
Son of a Norfolk parson
1 of 11 children
Joined the Navy at 12
Seaman advised by his uncle
Arctic Voyage before 15
Became the youngest captain
Blinded in one eye and lost his right arm

2

Napoleon Bonaparte

1769-1821
Born in Corsica
Trained in mainland France as an artillery officer
Had stomach problems
Was a general during the French Revolution
Became the First Consul of France and then later Emperor in 1804
Always had designs on Britain
Knew that he had to defeat the Royal Navy

3

Intelligence

Became a military commander from a son of a parson
Knew his naval strategy
Became a post-captain at twenty and commanded a ship

4

Bravery

Joined the Royal Navy and went on an expedition in the Arctic before age 15
Faced a polar bear whilst in the arctic
Still kept on fighting after he was blinded and lost his right arm
Cunningly planned a battle in the Nile

5

Patrioticism

A key to his success, he was determined to save England from this crisis

6

Confidence

He was absolutely sure of himself

7

Disobedience

Proved successful
In the Battle of Cape St Vincent, he capture a four enemy ships out of a fleet of seven of which Santisima Trinidad was included, the biggest ship in the world
Against the Danes, he ignored signals and said he did not see it, the British death toll was only 15% that of the Danes

8

Fairness and Discipline

When he was blinded in one eye, he queued up for medical help with his men
Trained men after the battle of Copenhagen
Drew necessary attention to men's health
Kept them ready for the time to come

9

Nelson's Plan at the Battle of Trafalgar

Raked Broadside
HMS Victory fired at Buncentaure on its stern.

10

French supplies

Were blocked by Nelson and were trapped in the bay of Cadiz.

11

Villeneuve

Lost a battle against Nelson a few months earlier and was not well organised or trained

12

Training for the French

Soldiers were taken from the slums in Cadiz who had never fired a gun before

13

Nelson's fleet

Sailed in two columns to cut the enemy into three

14

Nelson's message to his men

ENGLAND EXPECTS THAT EVERY MAN WILL DO HIS DUTY

15

Patrioticism

A key to his success, he was determined to save England from this crisis

16

Confidence

He was absolutely sure of himself

17

Disobedience

Proved successful
In the Battle of Cape St Vincent, he capture a four enemy ships out of a fleet of seven of which Santisima Trinidad was included, the biggest ship in the world
Against the Danes, he ignored signals and said he did not see it, the British death toll was only 15% that of the Danes

18

Fairness and Discipline

When he was blinded in one eye, he queued up for medical help with his men
Trained men after the battle of Copenhagen
Drew necessary attention to men's health
Kept them ready for the time to come

19

Nelson's Plan at the Battle of Trafalgar

Raked Broadside
HMS Victory fired at Buncentaure on its stern.

20

French supplies

Were blocked by Nelson and were trapped in the bay of Cadiz.

21

Villeneuve

Lost a battle against Nelson a few months earlier and was not well organised or trained

22

Training for the French

Soldiers were taken from the slums in Cadiz who had never fired a gun before

23

Nelson's fleet

Sailed in two columns to cut the enemy into three

24

Nelson's message to his men

ENGLAND EXPECTS THAT EVERY MAN WILL DO HIS DUTY

25

Deception

The Royal Sovereign fired at Spanish Anna

26

HMS Victory closening with Santisima Trinidad

Other ships gathered around HMS Victory

27

Boarding the Victory

All those who have attempted to board the Victory were killed

28

Nelson's last words

'I bargained for twenty', telling his sergeant told him that fourteen ships have given in