Hormones - Gland and Stimulation 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hormones - Gland and Stimulation 1 Deck (10):
1

Aldosterone

  • Gland of origin?
  • Stimulation of Release?

Gland of origin - 

  • Adrenal cortex (Z.G.)

Stimulation of Release - 

  • Increased by Angiotensin II and K+

2

Cortisol

  • Gland of origin?
  • Stimulation of Release?

Gland of origin - 

  • Adrenal cortex (Z.F.)

Stimulation of Release - 

  • CRH → ACTH → stimulates adrenal cortex

3

Androgens

  • Gland of origin?
  • Stimulation of Release?

Gland of origin - 

  • Adrenal cortex (Z.R.)

Stimulation of Release - 

  • CRH → ACTH → stimulates adrenal cortex

4

Epinephrine/Norepinephrine

  • Gland of origin?
  • Stimulation of Release?

Gland of origin - 

  • Adrenal medulla

Stimulation of Release - 

  • Stress, hypoglycemia, ANS

5

Insulin

  • Gland of origin?
  • Stimulation of Release?

Gland of origin - 

  • Pancreas (beta cells)

Stimulation of Release - 

  • Increased blood glucose levels

6

Glucagon

  • Gland of origin?
  • Stimulation of Release?

Gland of origin - 

  • Pancreas (alpha cells)

Stimulation of Release - 

  • Hypoglycemia,
  • Stress

7

Somatostatin

  • Gland of origin?
  • Stimulation of Release?

Gland of origin - 

  • Pancreas (delta cells)

Stimulation of Release - 

  • Ingesting food

8

Growth Hormone

  • Gland of origin?
  • Stimulation of Release?

Gland of origin - 

  • Anterior pituitary (somatotrophs)​

Stimulation of Release - 

  • Stimulated by GHRH from hypothalamus and ghrelin in response to hypoglycemia​

9

Prolactin

  • Gland of origin?
  • Stimulation of Release?

Gland of origin - 

  • Anterior pituitary (lactotrophs)​

Stimulation of Release - 

  • TRH works to increase prolactin levels​

10

ADH

  • Gland of origin?
  • Stimulation of Release?

Gland of origin - 

  • Posterior pituitary​

Stimulation of Release - 

  • Increased ECF osmolarity 
  • Decreased ECF volume​