Flashcards in How Do I Know That Christianity Is True? Deck (11):
Explain the difference between knowing and showing Christianity to be true.
Knowing Christianity to be true is personal; self-authenticated by the Spirit’s witness. Argument and evidence have a subsidiary role.
Showing Christianity to be true is somewhat reversed. We present sound arguments to persuade the listener of the truth of Christianity’s truth claims.
At the most fundamental level, how does one know that Christianity is true?
By the inner witness of the Spirit which is greater than any other testimony.
What is the role of argument and evidence in our knowing Christianity to be true?
A subsidiary role. Reason serves and submits to the gospel. Arguments and evidences does not serve as the basis of our faith, that is the work of the Spirit’s witness.
How can one respond to the objection that Christian claims to a self-authenticating experience of the Holy Spirit are invalidated by analogous non-Christian claims or by artificially-induced experiences?
1. Non-Christian experiences does nothing to undermine the veridicality of my experience.
2. Artificially-induced experiences are more akin to a pantheistic worldview, not to God’s presence and love.
3. The fact that these non-veridical experiences can be induced does nothing to undermine the fact that THERE ARE veridical experiences.
Explain how one shows Christianity to be true.
By presenting sound and persuasive arguments.
What is the difference between a deductive and a inductive argument?
1. A deductive argument is one in which the conclusions follows logically and inevitably from the premises.
2. An inductive argument is one in which the premises are true, but the conclusion is not inevitably true; it deals with probability.
What two prerequisites are there for a sound deductive argument?
Premises that are:
- logically valid
Why is it not enough to present sound arguments to show Christianity to be true? What more is required?
It is also required for the arguments to have:
1. Widely accepted facts or intuitions that are commonly shared
2. A courteous and genuine attitude of the apologist.
What is the role of the Holy Spirit in our showing Christianity to be true?
To use our arguments to convince the unbeliever to Christianity’s truth.
How might one respond to the objection that believers and unbelievers have no common ground on which to argue?
Our common ground with unbelievers is:
- the laws of logic
- the facts of experience