Flashcards in How We Breathe Deck (40)
What is the xiphoid process a landmark in?
Which are the true ribs?
Which are the false ribs?
Which are the floating ribs?
11 and 12
At what level of rib is the sternal angle?
What in the ribs are a potential weakness area for penetrating injuries?
What does the rib articulate with the sternum via?
What does the rib tubercle articulate with?
transverse process of the vertebra of the same number
What does the head of the rib articulate with?
the body of the vertebra of the same number & the body of the vertebra superiorly
What are the joints of breathing?
costovertebral joints (rib to vertebra)
costochondral joints (rib to costal cartilage)
sternocostal joints (sternum to costal cartilage)
Is the diaphragm smooth or skeletal muscle?
What drains the posterior parts of the intercostal spaces?
What supplies the posterior parts of the intercostal spaces?
Which artery and veins supply the anterior parts of the intercostal space?
How many layers of intercostal muscle are there?
How many pairs of intercostal spaces are there?
Which skeletal muscle involved in breathing has an unusual central tendon?
What nerve is the muscular part of the diaphragm supplied by?
phrenic nerve (C3,4 & 5 anterior rami)
Which dome is usually more superior in the diaphragm?
right (due to liver)
What happens to A-P and lateral chest cavity dimensions
Where does unilateral lymph drainage from lateral quadrants go?
Where does bilateral lymph drainage from medial quadrants go?
What does paralysis of serratus anterior (usually through injury to long thoracic nerve) result in?
a winged scapula
Where does the pectoralis minor attach?
between the coracoid process of the scapula and ribs 3-5
Where do the subclavian vessels change their names to axillary vessels?
lateral to the lateral border of the 1st rib
Where is the only place the lungs are connected to the mediastinum?
What is the most dependent part of the pleural cavity?
Which lung contains a horizontal fissure?
At what vertebrae level should the lung bases be auscultated?