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Flashcards in How We Breathe Deck (40)
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1

What is the xiphoid process a landmark in?

CPR

2

Which are the true ribs?

1-7

3

Which are the false ribs?

8-10

4

Which are the floating ribs?

11 and 12

5

At what level of rib is the sternal angle?

rib 2

6

What in the ribs are a potential weakness area for penetrating injuries?

intercostal spaces

7

What does the rib articulate with the sternum via?

costal cartilage

8

What does the rib tubercle articulate with?

transverse process of the vertebra of the same number

9

What does the head of the rib articulate with?

the body of the vertebra of the same number & the body of the vertebra superiorly

10

What are the joints of breathing?

costovertebral joints (rib to vertebra)
costochondral joints (rib to costal cartilage)
sternocostal joints (sternum to costal cartilage)

11

Is the diaphragm smooth or skeletal muscle?

Skeletal

12

What drains the posterior parts of the intercostal spaces?

azygous vein

13

What supplies the posterior parts of the intercostal spaces?

thoracic artery

14

Which artery and veins supply the anterior parts of the intercostal space?

thoracic

15

How many layers of intercostal muscle are there?

3

16

How many pairs of intercostal spaces are there?

11

17

Which skeletal muscle involved in breathing has an unusual central tendon?

diaphragm

18

What nerve is the muscular part of the diaphragm supplied by?

phrenic nerve (C3,4 & 5 anterior rami)

19

Which dome is usually more superior in the diaphragm?

right (due to liver)

20

What happens to A-P and lateral chest cavity dimensions
on inspiration?

increase

21

Where does unilateral lymph drainage from lateral quadrants go?

axillary nodes

22

Where does bilateral lymph drainage from medial quadrants go?

parasternal nodes

23

What does paralysis of serratus anterior (usually through injury to long thoracic nerve) result in?

a winged scapula

24

Where does the pectoralis minor attach?

between the coracoid process of the scapula and ribs 3-5

25

Where do the subclavian vessels change their names to axillary vessels?

lateral to the lateral border of the 1st rib

26

Where is the only place the lungs are connected to the mediastinum?

lung root

27

What is the most dependent part of the pleural cavity?

Costodiaphragmatic recess

28

Which lung contains a horizontal fissure?

right

29

At what vertebrae level should the lung bases be auscultated?

T11

30

What divides the nasal cavities?

nasal septum