hsk4-1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in hsk4-1 Deck (300):
1

dé, děi, de

obtain | must | (complement particle)

2

to die; dead; fixed; impassible; extremely

3

gàn, gān

to work; do; manage; tree trunk | to concern; shield; dry; clean (Kangxi radical 51)

4

ér

and; but; yet; while (Kangxi radical 126)

5

děng

to wait; rank; equal; etc.

6

当 / 當

dāng, dàng

should; act as; work as; manage; match; (sound of bells) | appropriate; assume; pawn

7

所有

suǒyǒu

all; to have; to possess

8

也许 / 也許

yěxǔ

perhaps; probably; maybe

9

xíng, háng

walk; be current; do; will do; okay | row; place; a firm (Kangxi radical 144)

10

不过 / 不過

búguò

only; merely; but; however

11

发生 / 發生

fāshēng

happen; occur; take place

12

一切

yíqiè

all; every; everything

13

bào

to hold; to hug; carry in one's arms; to cradle

14

抱歉

bàoqiàn

be sorry; feel apologetic; to regret

15

感觉 / 感覺

gǎnjué

to feel; become aware of; feeling

16

肯定

kěndìng

sure; definite; affirm; approve

17

bàng

stick; club; good; excellent

18

to use; according to; so as to; for; by

19

以为 / 以為

yǐwéi

think (mistakenly); consider (that); believe

20

diào

to drop; to fall

21

生活

shēnghuó

life; livelihood; to live

22

zhī

(literary equivalent to 的); (pronoun); of

23

任何

rènhé

any; whatever; whichever

24

与 / 與

yǔ, yù, yú

(formal) and; to give; together with; participate; final particle expressing doubt or surprise

25

nòng, lòng

do; manage; to handle; make | lane; alley

26

却 / 卻

què

but; yet; however

27

继续 / 繼續

jìxù

to continue; to go on; to proceed

28

够 / 夠

gòu

enough; to reach

29

父亲 / 父親

fùqin

father

30

完全

wánquán

complete; whole; totally

31

可是

kěshì

but; however

32

谈 / 談

tán

to talk; to chat; discuss

33

好像

hǎoxiàng

as if; seem to be

34

警察

jǐngchá

police

35

场 / 場

chǎng, cháng

courtyard; place; field; (mw for games, performances, etc.) | threshing floor

36

刚 / 剛

gāng

just (indicating the immediate past); recently; firm

37

ya, yā

ah; oh; (used for 啊 after words ending with a, e, i, o, or ü)

38

情况 / 情況

qíngkuàng

circumstance; state of affairs; situation

39

只要 / 隻要

zhǐyào

so long as; if only; provided that

40

fèn

part; portion; (mw for documents, papers, jobs, etc.)

41

bottom; background; base

42

到底

dào dǐ

after all; in the end (used in a question)

43

成为 / 成為

chéngwéi

become; turn into

44

永远 / 永遠

yǒngyuǎn

forever; eternal; always

45

安全

ānquán

safe; safety; secure; security

46

liú

to leave (behind, a message); to retain; to stay

47

计划 / 計劃

jìhuà

plan; project

48

俩 / 倆

liǎ, liǎng

(colloquial) two (people)

49

tíng

to stop; to halt; to park (a car)

50

感谢 / 感謝

gǎnxiè

thank; be grateful

51

gǎn

to dare

52

从来 / 從來

cónglái

have always (from the beginning); never (with negative)

53

赢 / 贏

yíng

to win; to beat; to profit

54

消息

xiāoxi

news; information

55

lā, lá

to pull; to play (string instruments); to drag | to slash; to chat

56

原因

yuányīn

cause; reason

57

连 / 連

lián

even; including; join

58

确实 / 確實

quèshí

indeed; in truth; reliable

59

tǐng

straighten up; stick out; rather (good); very

60

保证 / 保証

bǎozhèng

to guarantee; ensure

61

接受

jiēshòu

accept; receive (honors, etc.)

62

改变 / 改變

gǎibiàn

to change; alter; to transform

63

麻烦 / 麻煩

máfan

trouble (someone); troubling; bothersome

64

出现 / 出現

chūxiàn

appear; arise; emerge

65

不管

bùguǎn

no matter (what, how, etc.); regardless of

66

甚至

shènzhì

even (to the point of); so much so that

67

保护 / 保護

bǎohù

to protect; to defend

68

真正

zhēnzhèng

genuine; real; true

69

结果 / 結果

jiéguǒ

result; outcome; finally

70

当时 / 當時

dāngshí

then; at that time; while

71

至少

zhìshǎo

at least; (to say the) least

72

律师 / 律師

lǜshī

lawyer

73

表演

biǎoyǎn

perform; to play

74

无 / 無

have not; without; not (Kangxi radical 71)

75

cāi

to guess

76

咱们 / 咱們

zánmen

we (including the listener); us; our

77

进行 / 進行

jìnxíng

carry on; carry out; undertake

78

内 / 內

nèi

inside; inner; internal; within

79

是否

shìfǒu

whether (or not); if

80

调查 / 調查

diàochá

investigate; survey; inquiry

81

成功

chénggōng

success; to succeed

82

考虑 / 考慮

kǎolǜ

think over; consider

83

约会 / 約會

yuēhuì

appointment; engagement; date

84

通过 / 通過

tōngguò

by means of; through (a method); pass through; via

85

开心 / 開心

kāixīn

feel happy; have a great time; make fun of somebody

86

母亲 / 母親

mǔqin

mother

87

主意

zhǔyi

plan; idea; decision

88

dǎo, dào

to collapse; to fall; fail; to exchange | to pour; contrary to expectations

89

解释 / 解釋

jiěshì

to explain

90

联系 / 聯系

liánxì

integrate; link; connection; contact

91

证明 / 証明

zhèngmíng

proof; testify; confirm; certificate

92

生命

shēngmìng

life

93

难道 / 難道

nándào

could it be that ...?; don't tell me ...

94

yóu

follow; from; by; through

95

zhǐ

finger; to point (at, to, out); refer to

96

危险 / 危險

wēixiǎn

danger; dangerous; perilous

97

讨厌 / 討厭

tǎoyàn

to hate; loathe; disgusting; troublesome

98

xǐng

wake up

99

样子 / 樣子

yàngzi

manner; air; appearance; looks

100

有趣

yǒuqù

interesting; fascinating; amusing

101

to carry; to lift; to raise (an issue)

102

部分

bùfen

part; share; section

103

理解

lǐjiě

comprehend; understand

104

zhòng, chóng

heavy; serious; important | repeat; again; overlap

105

任务 / 任務

rènwu

a mission; an assignment; a task

106

使

shǐ

to use; to make; to cause; enable; envoy; messenger

107

转 / 轉

zhuǎn, zhuàn

to turn; to change; pass on | revolve; rotate

108

博士

bóshì

doctor; PhD

109

紧张 / 緊張

jǐnzhāng

nervous; tension; strain

110

放弃 / 放棄

fàngqì

abandon; renounce; give up

111

大概

dàgài

probably; roughly; approximate

112

重新

chóngxīn

again; anew; once more

113

其中

qízhōng

among; in; included among these

114

来自 / 來自

láizì

come from (a place)

115

本来 / 本來

běnlái

originally; at first

116

并且 / 並且

bìngqiě

and; besides; moreover

117

直接

zhíjiē

direct; immediate

118

对于 / 對於

duìyú

regarding; as far as sth. is concerned; with regards to; for

119

正常

zhèngcháng

normal; regular; ordinary

120

biàn

a time; everywhere; turn; (mw for times or turns)

121

冷静 / 冷靜

lěngjìng

calm; cool-headed; sober

122

方法

fāngfǎ

method; way; means

123

rēng

to throw; throw away

124

能力

nénglì

capability; capable; ability

125

另外

lìngwài

another; in addition; besides

126

放松 / 放鬆

fàngsōng

relax; loosen; slacken

127

丢 / 丟

diū

lose (something); throw; put aside

128

负责 / 負責

fùzé

responsible for (something); in charge of

129

梦 / 夢

mèng

to dream

130

dài

put on; to wear; to respect

131

错误 / 錯誤

cuòwù

error; mistake; mistaken

132

随便 / 隨便

suíbiàn

as one pleases; informal; random; casual

133

经历 / 經歷

jīnglì

undergo; to experience

134

支持

zhīchí

sustain; hold out; | support; stand by (e.g. international support)

135

建议 / 建議

jiànyì

to propose; to suggest; recommend

136

否则 / 否則

fǒuzé

if not; otherwise; or else

137

guāng

light; ray; bright; only; merely; used up

138

安排

ānpái

arrange; to plan

139

钥匙 / 鑰匙

yàoshi

key

140

信息

xìnxī

information; news; message

141

全部

quánbù

whole; entire; complete

142

首先

shǒuxiān

first (of all); in the first place; firstly

143

zhào

to shine; illuminate; according to

144

jiāo

deliver; turn over; intersect; to pay (money); friendship

145

tái

platform; Taiwan (abbr.); desk; stage; typhoon; (mw for machines); (classical) you (in letters)

146

坚持 / 堅持

jiānchí

persist in; persevere

147

生意

shēngyi

business; trade

148

huǒ

fire (Kangxi radical 86)

149

即使

jíshǐ

even if; even though

150

到处 / 到處

dàochù

everywhere; in all places; all over

151

guà

hang; put up; suspend

152

道歉

dàoqiàn

apologize; make an apology

153

可怜 / 可憐

kělián

pitiful; poor; pathetic

154

实在 / 實在

shízài

honest; in reality; honestly; indeed; certainly

155

骗 / 騙

piàn

to cheat; to swindle; deceive

156

原谅 / 原諒

yuánliàng

to excuse; forgive; to pardon

157

乱 / 亂

luàn

disorder; confusion; arbitrarily

158

差不多

chàbuduō

almost; about the same

159

满 / 滿

mǎn

full; abbreviation for Manchurian

160

jiǎ, jià

fake; if; borrow | vacation; holiday

161

研究

yánjiū

to study; to research

162

打扰 / 打擾

dǎrǎo

disturb

163

正确 / 正確

zhèngquè

correct; proper

164

shōu

receive; accept; collect; to harvest

165

miǎo

second (unit of time or angle)

166

同时 / 同時

tóngshí

at the same time; simultaneously

167

提供

tígōng

to supply; provide; furnish

168

输 / 輸

shū

to transport; to lose (a game, etc.)

169

号码 / 號碼

hàomǎ

number

170

zuò

(mw for mountains, bridges, tall buildings, etc.); | seat; base; stand; constellation

171

比如

bǐrú

for example; for instance; such as

172

严重 / 嚴重

yánzhòng

grave; serious; critical

173

脱 / 脫

tuō

to shed; take off; to escape

174

péi

accompany; keep company

175

法律

fǎlǜ

law; statute

176

值得

zhíde

be worth; deserve

177

使用

shǐyòng

to use; employ; apply; administer; manipulate

178

方面

fāngmiàn

aspect; field; side

179

原来 / 原來

yuánlái

original; former; as it turns out

180

讨论 / 討論

tǎolùn

to discuss; discussion; to talk over

181

说明 / 說明

shuōmíng

explain; explanation; illustrate; to show

182

仍然

réngrán

still; yet

183

动作 / 動作

dòngzuò

movement; motion; action

184

受到

shòudào

receive (influence, restriction, etc.); be subjected to

185

赶 / 趕

gǎn

catch up; overtake; drive away

186

怀疑 / 懷疑

huáiyí

doubt; to suspect; be skeptical

187

拒绝 / 拒絕

jùjué

to refuse; to decline; to reject

188

演员 / 演員

yǎnyuán

actor or actress; performer

189

broken; damaged; to split

190

因此

yīncǐ

therefore; thus; that is why; because of this

191

答案

dá'àn

answer; solution

192

活动 / 活動

huódòng

activity; exercise; move about

193

既然

jìrán

since; given that; now that

194

通知

tōngzhī

notify; to inform; notice

195

不得不

bù dé bù

have to; have no choice but to; cannot but

196

无论 / 無論

wúlùn

no matter what; regardless of whether...

197

dāo

knife; blade (Kangxi radical 18)

198

适合 / 適合

shìhé

to suit; to fit

199

失望

shīwàng

disappointed; lose hope

200

允许 / 允許

yǔnxǔ

to permit; allow

201

意见 / 意見

yìjiàn

opinion; view; suggestion; complaint

202

获得 / 獲得

huòdé

obtain; acquire; to gain

203

要是

yàoshi

if; suppose; in case

204

邀请 / 邀請

yāoqǐng

to invite

205

尽管 / 盡管

jǐnguǎn

despite; although; even though | freely; without hesitation

206

浪费 / 浪費

làngfèi

to waste; squander

207

失败 / 失敗

shībài

be defeated; fail; lose

208

责任 / 責任

zérèn

responsibility; blame; duty

209

美丽 / 美麗

měilì

beautiful

210

压力 / 壓力

yālì

pressure; stress

211

味道

wèidao

flavor; taste

212

厉害 / 厲害

lìhai

terrible; formidable; fierce; cool; awesome

213

出发 / 出發

chūfā

start out; set off

214

兴奋 / 興奮

xīngfèn

excitement; be excited

215

观众 / 觀眾

guānzhòng

spectator; audience

216

反对 / 反對

fǎnduì

oppose; fight against

217

精彩

jīngcǎi

brilliant; spectacular; wonderful

218

感情

gǎnqíng

feeling; emotion; sensation

219

演出

yǎnchū

to act (in a play); to perform; to put on a show; performance

220

愉快

yúkuài

happy; cheerful; delightful

221

开玩笑 / 開玩笑

kāi wánxiào

joke; play a joke; make fun of

222

杂志 / 雜志

zázhì

magazine

223

合适 / 合適

héshì

suitable; proper; appropriate

224

广告 / 廣告

guǎnggào

advertisement; a commercial

225

自然

zìrán

nature; natural

226

shēn

deep; profound; dark (of colors)

227

to take; get; choose

228

短信

duǎnxìn

text message; SMS

229

地球

dìqiú

the Earth; planet

230

帅 / 帥

shuài

handsome; graceful; commander-in-chief

231

tuī

to push; to scrape; to decline; postpone; elect

232

关键 / 關鍵

guānjiàn

crucial; key; pivotal

233

kōng, kòng

empty; sky | leave blank; leisure

234

究竟

jiūjìng

after all; when all is said and done; actually

235

恐怕

kǒngpà

be afraid; to fear; I'm afraid that...

236

tǎng

recline; lie down (on back or side)

237

聚会 / 聚會

jùhuì

hold a meeting; get together; a party

238

方向

fāngxiàng

direction; orientation

239

幸福

xìngfú

happy; blessed; fortunate

240

接着 / 接著

jiēzhe

continue; carry on; to catch; follow

241

技术 / 技術

jìshù

technology; technique; skill

242

kùn

sleepy; surround; hard-pressed

243

困难 / 困難

kùnnan

difficulty; difficult; problem

244

正好

zhènghǎo

just (in time); just right; just enough; happen to; by chance

245

提醒

tíxǐng

remind; call attention to; warn of

246

旅行

lǚxíng

travel

247

激动 / 激動

jīdòng

excite; agitate

248

骄傲 / 驕傲

jiāo'ào

proud; arrogant; conceited; take pride in

249

máo

hair; fur; feather; dime (Kangxi radical 82)

250

节 / 節

jié

section; part; festival; moral integrity; save; (mw for class periods)

251

许多 / 許多

xǔduō

many; a lot; much

252

顺利 / 順利

shùnlì

go smoothly; without a hitch; successful

253

职业 / 職業

zhíyè

profession; occupation

254

赚 / 賺

zhuàn, zuàn

earn; make a profit | to cheat; to swindle

255

地址

dìzhǐ

address

256

于是 / 於是

yúshì

as a result; thus; therefore

257

收拾

shōushi

to tidy; put in order; to repair; to settle with; punish

258

周围 / 周圍

zhōuwéi

surroundings; vicinity; environment

259

爱情 / 愛情

àiqíng

(romantic) love

260

尊重

zūnzhòng

esteem; to respect; to value; to honor

261

十分

shífēn

very; fully; 100%

262

教授

jiàoshòu

professor; instruct; to lecture

263

超过 / 超過

chāoguò

surpass; exceed; outstrip

264

send by mail

265

顺便 / 順便

shùnbiàn

conveniently; in passing; on the way

266

无聊 / 無聊

wúliáo

nonsense; bored; silly; stupid

267

目的

mùdì

purpose; aim; goal

268

low; to lower (one's head); droop

269

shèng

have as remainder; be left over; surplus

270

复杂 / 復雜

fùzá

complicated; complex

271

社会 / 社會

shèhuì

society

272

故意

gùyì

deliberately; intentional; on purpose

273

好处 / 好處

hǎochu

benefit; advantage

274

竟然

jìngrán

unexpectedly; to one's surprise; go so far as to

275

表示

biǎoshì

express; show; indicate

276

印象

yìnxiàng

impression

277

出生

chūshēng

be born

278

估计 / 估計

gūjì

appraise; estimate

279

地点 / 地點

dìdiǎn

place; site; location

280

轻 / 輕

qīng

light; easy; gentle; soft

281

轻松 / 輕鬆

qīngsōng

relaxed; gentle; easygoing

282

作用

zuòyòng

action; activity; effect

283

举 / 舉

lift; raise; cite

284

小伙子

xiǎohuǒzi

young man; lad; youngster

285

著名

zhùmíng

famous; well-known; celebration

286

免费 / 免費

miǎn fèi

free (of charge); no cost

287

伤心 / 傷心

shāngxīn

sad; grieve; brokenhearted

288

记者 / 記者

jìzhě

reporter; journalist

289

仔细 / 仔細

zǐxì

careful; attentive; cautious

290

巧克力

qiǎokèlì

chocolate

291

hot (spicy)

292

互相

hùxiāng

mutually; with each other

293

厕所 / 廁所

cèsuǒ

bathroom; toilet; lavatory

294

过程 / 過程

guòchéng

course of events; process

295

申请 / 申請

shēnqǐng

apply for; application

296

引起

yǐnqǐ

give rise to; lead to; to cause; arouse

297

发展 / 發展

fāzhǎn

develop; development; growth

298

毕业 / 畢業

bì yè

to graduate; to finish school

299

正式

zhèngshì

formal; official

300

厨房 / 廚房

chúfáng

kitchen