hsk5-4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in hsk5-4 Deck (325):
1



体现 / 體現

tǐxiàn

embody; incarnate; reflect; to manifest

2

规律 / 規律

guīlǜ

law (e.g. of science); regular pattern; discipline

3

乐器 / 樂器

yuèqì

musical instrument

4

密切

mìqiè

close; familiar; intimate

5

不得了

bùdéliǎo

extremely; very; terribly; my god! (expression of surprise)

6

外交

wàijiāo

diplomacy; foreign affairs

7

观念 / 觀念

guānniàn

notion; thought; concept

8

否定

fǒudìng

negate; negative

9

鼓舞

gǔwǔ

inspire; heartening

10

递 / 遞

hand over; to pass; to give

11

浇 / 澆

jiāo

to water; irrigate; to pour; to sprinkle

12

规模 / 規模

guīmó

scale; scope; extent

13

艰苦 / 艱苦

jiānkǔ

difficult; hard; arduous

14

嗓子

sǎngzi

throat; voice

15

召开 / 召開

zhàokāi

convene (a conference or meeting); call together

16

佩服

pèifu

admire; to respect

17

整体 / 整體

zhěngtǐ

whole; entirety

18

营养 / 營養

yíngyǎng

nutrition; nourishment; sustenance

19

报社 / 報社

bàoshè

newspaper office

20

报到 / 報到

bàodào

report for duty; to check in; register

21

手工

shǒugōng

hand-made; handicraft; manual

22

幼儿园 / 幼兒園

yòu'éryuán

kindergarten; nursery school

23

启发 / 啟發

qǐfā

enlighten; inspire

24

吨 / 噸

dūn

ton

25

pén

basin; (flower) pot

26

匆忙

cōngmáng

hasty; hurried

27

吸取

xīqǔ

absorb; assimilate

28

及格

jí gé

pass an exam

29

从而 / 從而

cóng'ér

thus; thereby; as a result

30

何必

hébì

why should; there is no need to

31

火柴

huǒchái

match (for lighting fire)

32

目录 / 目錄

mùlù

catalog; table of contents; directory (on computer hard drive)

33

dàn

diluted; weak; thin

34

nèn

tender; inexperienced

35

结实 / 結實

jiēshi

sturdy; (also -shí: bear fruit)

36

痛快

tòngkuai

joyful; delighted; very happy; jolly

37

综合 / 綜合

zōnghé

synthesized; composite; summarize

38

手续 / 手續

shǒuxù

formalities; procedure

39

优美 / 優美

yōuměi

graceful; fine; elegant

40

古代

gǔdài

ancient times

41

导演 / 導演

dǎoyǎn

to direct; director

42

壶 / 壺

pot; kettle; jug; (mw for bottled liquids)

43

围绕 / 圍繞

wéirào

revolve around; center on (an issue)

44

延长 / 延長

yáncháng

extend; prolong; lengthen

45

外公

wàigōng

maternal grandfather

46

兼职 / 兼職

jiānzhí

part time

47

营业 / 營業

yíngyè

do business; to trade

48

利息

lìxī

interest (on a loan)

49

题目 / 題目

tímù

subject; title; topic

50

消费 / 消費

xiāofèi

consumption; spending

51

àn

bank; shore; beach; coast

52

预订 / 預訂

yùdìng

place an order; book ahead; subscribe for

53

效率

xiàolǜ

efficiency

54

预防 / 預防

yùfáng

prevent; take precautions against

55

缓解 / 緩解

huǎnjiě

to alleviate

56

休闲 / 休閑

xiūxián

recreation; leisure

57

谦虚 / 謙虛

qiānxū

modest

58

昆虫

kūnchóng

insect

59

客观 / 客觀

kèguān

objective; impartial; unbiased

60

坚决 / 堅決

jiānjué

resolute; determined; uncompromising

61

流泪 / 流淚

liúlèi

shed tears

62

感想

gǎnxiǎng

impressions; reflections; thoughts

63

亲切 / 親切

qīnqiè

kind; amiable; cordial

64

比例

bǐlì

proportion; scale

65

必然

bìrán

inevitable; certain; necessary

66

爱心 / 愛心

àixīn

compassion

67

过期 / 過期

guòqī

overdue; expire

68

海关 / 海關

hǎiguān

customs (i.e. border inspection)

69

消极 / 消極

xiāojí

passive; negative; demoralized

70

夏令营 / 夏令營

xiàlìngyíng

summer camp

71

日历 / 日歷

rìlì

calendar

72

not; do not

73

淘气 / 淘氣

táoqì

naughty; bad

74

拥挤 / 擁擠

yōngjǐ

to crowd; to push; to squeeze

75

透明

tòumíng

transparent; open (non-secretive)

76

节省 / 節省

jiéshěng

save; use sparingly; frugal

77

看望

kànwàng

visit; call on; see

78

pear

79

建设 / 建設

jiànshè

to build; to construct; construction

80

热心 / 熱心

rèxīn

enthusiastic; zealous; warmhearted

81

劳动 / 勞動

láodòng

work; toil; (physical) labor

82

灵活 / 靈活

línghuó

flexible; nimble; agile

83

流传 / 流傳

liúchuán

to spread; circulate; hand down

84

家务 / 家務

jiāwù

household duties; chores; housework

85

称赞 / 稱贊

chēngzàn

to praise; to acclaim

86

参考 / 參考

cānkǎo

reference; consult

87

躲藏

duǒcáng

hide oneself; take cover

88

古典

gǔdiǎn

classical

89

改革

gǎigé

to reform

90

周到

zhōudào

thoughtful; considerate; thorough

91

高档 / 高檔

gāodàng

top quality; first rate; high class

92

名牌

míngpái

famous brand; name brand

93

讨价还价 / 討價還價

tǎo jià huán jià

bargaining; haggling over price

94

数码 / 數碼

shùmǎ

numeral; number; amount; digital

95

实践 / 實踐

shíjiàn

practice; put into practice; carry out

96

零食

língshí

snack

97

灰尘 / 灰塵

huīchén

dust; dirt

98

总理 / 總理

zǒnglǐ

premier; prime minister

99

大方

dàfang

generous; poise; (-fang1: expert; scholar)

100

发达 / 發達

fādá

developed (country, etc.); flourishing; prosper

101

厘米

límǐ

centimeter

102

个别 / 個別

gèbié

individual; specific; isolated; very few

103

预报 / 預報

yùbào

to predict; forecast

104

purple

105

盼望

pànwàng

to hope for; look forward to

106

地理

dìlǐ

geography

107

陆地 / 陸地

lùdì

land; dry land (as opposed to the sea)

108

惭愧 / 慚愧

cánkuì

ashamed

109

浏览 / 瀏覽

liúlǎn

browse; glance over; skim through

110

性质 / 性質

xìngzhì

nature; characteristic; quality

111

动画片 / 動畫片

dònghuàpiàn

animated film

112

vinegar

113

常识 / 常識

chángshí

common sense; general knowledge

114

印刷

yìnshuā

print

115

胶水 / 膠水

jiāoshuǐ

(watery) glue; gum

116

进口 / 進口

jìn kǒu

import; entrance; enter

117

种类 / 種類

zhǒnglèi

kind; category; class

118

池塘

chítáng

pool; pond

119

主张 / 主張

zhǔzhāng

to advocate; viewpoint; position

120

生动 / 生動

shēngdòng

vivid; lively

121

操场 / 操場

cāochǎng

playground; sports field

122

坦率

tǎnshuài

frank

123

上当 / 上當

shàng dàng

be fooled; be duped; be taken in

124

钢铁 / 鋼鐵

gāngtiě

steel

125

疲劳 / 疲勞

píláo

fatigue; wearily; weariness; tired

126

用途

yòngtú

use; application; purpose

127

整齐 / 整齊

zhěngqí

tidy; neat; in good order

128

失眠

shīmián

lose sleep; insomnia

129

轮流 / 輪流

lúnliú

to alternate; take turns; rotate

130

罚款 / 罰款

fákuǎn

fine; penalty (monetary)

131

商务 / 商務

shāngwù

business; commercial affairs

132

粗糙

cūcāo

coarse

133

键盘 / 鍵盤

jiànpán

keyboard

134

叉子

chāzi

fork; cross

135

巧妙

qiǎomiào

ingenious; clever

136

迫切

pòqiè

urgent; pressing

137

单元 / 單元

dānyuán

unit; entrance number; staircase (for residential buildings)

138

苗条 / 苗條

miáotiao

slim; slender

139

未必

wèibì

not necessarily; need not

140

熬夜

áoyè

stay up very late or all night

141

描写 / 描寫

miáoxiě

to describe; to depict; to portray

142

丝绸 / 絲綢

sīchóu

silk

143

幸亏 / 幸虧

xìngkuī

fortunately; luckily

144

原料

yuánliào

raw material; ingredients

145

词汇 / 詞匯

cíhuì

vocabulary

146

被子

bèizi

quilt; blanket

147

征求

zhēngqiú

solicit; seek; ask for; to request

148

应用 / 應用

yìngyòng

to apply; to use; application

149

海鲜 / 海鮮

hǎixiān

seafood

150

完善

wánshàn

perfect; make perfect; improve

151

步骤 / 步驟

bùzhòu

step; move; measure; procedure

152

武术 / 武術

wǔshù

martial arts

153

平方

píngfāng

square (as in square foot, square mile, etc.)

154

潮湿 / 潮濕

cháoshī

damp; moist; humid

155

学术 / 學術

xuéshù

learning; science; academic

156

悲观 / 悲觀

bēiguān

pessimistic

157

差距

chājù

disparity; gap; the difference (in distance; amount; progress; etc.)

158

粮食 / 糧食

liángshi

grain; food; cereals

159

推广 / 推廣

tuīguǎng

popularize; to spread

160

促使

cùshǐ

to urge; impel; to cause; to push

161

空闲 / 空閑

kòngxián

leisure; free time; idle; unused

162

难免 / 難免

nánmiǎn

hard to avoid; difficult to escape from

163

小气 / 小氣

xiǎoqì

stingy; petty

164

叙述 / 敘述

xùshù

retell; narrate

165

干燥

gānzào

to dry (of paint, cement, etc.); dry; dryness

166

议论 / 議論

yìlùn

discuss; to comment; talk about

167

改正

gǎizhèng

to correct; amend

168

人事

rénshì

personnel

169

初级 / 初級

chūjí

junior; primary

170

长途 / 長途

chángtú

long distance

171

急诊 / 急診

jízhěn

emergency call; emergency treatment

172

优惠 / 優惠

yōuhuì

preferential; favorable

173

美术 / 美術

měishù

the fine arts; art

174

广泛 / 廣泛

guǎngfàn

extensive; wide ranging

175

调皮 / 調皮

tiáopí

naughty; mischievous; unruly

176

讲座 / 講座

jiǎngzuò

a lecture or course of lectures; lecture hall

177

zhǎi

narrow; petty; hard-up

178

xié

slanting; tilted

179

光滑

guānghuá

glossy; sleek; smooth

180

诚恳 / 誠懇

chéngkěn

honest; sincere

181

熟练 / 熟練

shúliàn

practiced; proficient; skilled

182

冷淡

lěngdàn

cold; chill; indifferent; unconcerned

183

two; twist (2nd Heavenly Stem) (Kangxi radical 5)

184

面积 / 面積

miànjī

(surface) area

185

办理 / 辦理

bànlǐ

to handle; to transact; to conduct

186

农业 / 農業

nóngyè

agriculture; farming

187

合影

héyǐng

joint photo; group photo

188

舍不得

shěbude

hate to part with; begrudge doing something

189

趋势 / 趨勢

qūshì

trend; tendency

190

交际 / 交際

jiāojì

socialize; social intercourse; communication

191

繁荣 / 繁榮

fánróng

prosperous; prosperity; booming (economy)

192

格外

géwài

especially; additionally

193

主观 / 主觀

zhǔguān

subjective

194

小麦 / 小麥

xiǎomài

wheat

195

慌张 / 慌張

huāngzhāng

flustered; flurried

196

本领 / 本領

běnlǐng

skill; ability; capability

197

梳子

shūzi

comb; hairbrush

198

分布

fēnbù

be distributed (over an area); be scattered

199

老百姓

lǎobǎixìng

ordinary people; the person on the street; civilians

200

促进 / 促進

cùjìn

promote (an idea or cause); to advance

201

桔子

júzi

tangerine

202

姥姥

lǎolao

maternal grandmother

203

中介

zhōngjiè

agent; act as an intermediary

204

爱护 / 愛護

àihù

cherish; reassure; take good care of

205

开幕式 / 開幕式

kāimùshì

opening ceremony

206

勤奋 / 勤奮

qínfèn

hardworking; diligent; industrious

207

字幕

zìmù

subtitles; captions

208

自觉 / 自覺

zìjué

conscious; be aware of; self-motivated

209

实用 / 實用

shíyòng

practical; pragmatic; functional

210

象棋

xiàngqí

chess; Chinese chess

211

兑换 / 兌換

duìhuàn

to exchange; to convert (currencies)

212

照常

zhàocháng

as usual; normal

213

傍晚

bàngwǎn

in the evening; when night falls

214

夹子 / 夾子

jiāzi

clip; tongs; folder

215

讲究 / 講究

jiǎngjiu

Be particular about; fastidious; stress; exquisite ; careful study

216

用功

yòng gōng

diligent; industrious; hardworking

217

缩短 / 縮短

suōduǎn

shorten; cut down; curtail

218

振动 / 振動

zhèndòng

vibrate; vibration

219

不耐烦 / 不耐煩

búnàifán

impatience; impatient

220

单调 / 單調

dāndiào

monotonous; dull

221

轻视 / 輕視

qīngshì

contempt; to scorn; scornful

222

发票 / 發票

fāpiào

receipt or bill for purchase; invoice

223

学历 / 學歷

xuélì

educational background; school record

224

时差 / 時差

shíchā

jetlag; time difference

225

岛屿 / 島嶼

dǎoyǔ

islands

226

艰巨 / 艱巨

jiānjù

very difficult; arduous; hard

227

纷纷 / 紛紛

fēnfēn

one after another; in succession; in profusion; diverse; pell-mell

228

长辈 / 長輩

zhǎngbèi

an elder; an elder generation

229

竹子

zhúzi

bamboo

230

朗读 / 朗讀

lǎngdú

read aloud

231

打喷嚏 / 打噴嚏

dǎpēntì

to sneeze

232

一再

yízài

repeatedly; again and again

233

行人

xíngrén

pedestrian

234

可见 / 可見

kějiàn

it can clearly be seen that; clear

235

再三

zàisān

over and over again; repeatedly

236

酱油 / 醬油

jiàngyóu

soy sauce

237

灰心

huī xīn

lose heart; be discouraged

238

样式 / 樣式

yàngshì

type; style; form

239

刻苦

kèkǔ

hardworking; assiduous

240

悠久

yōujiǔ

established; long; longstanding

241

作文

zuò wén

write an essay; essay

242

无奈 / 無奈

wúnài

can't help but; have no choice

243

结账 / 結賬

jiézhàng

pay the bill; settle accounts

244

寿命 / 壽命

shòumìng

life span; life expectancy

245

因而

yīn'ér

therefore; as a result; thus

246

硬件

yìngjiàn

hardware

247

疼爱 / 疼愛

téng ài

love dearly; be very fond of

248

游览 / 游覽

yóulǎn

go sight-seeing; tour

249

随手 / 隨手

suíshǒu

convenient; without extra trouble

250

抽象

chōuxiàng

abstract; abstraction

251

逐步

zhúbù

step by step; gradually

252

试卷 / 試卷

shìjuàn

exam paper; test paper

253

委屈

wěiqu

feel wronged; nurse a grievance

254

书架 / 書架

shūjià

bookshelf

255

农村 / 農村

nóngcūn

rural area; countryside

256

除夕

chúxī

Lunar New Year's Eve

257

押金

yājīn

security deposit; down payment

258

公元

gōngyuán

(year) AD or CE; Christian era; common era

259

充电器 / 充電器

chōngdiànqì

battery charger

260

退步

tuìbù

to degenerate; to regress

261

风俗 / 風俗

fēngsú

social custom

262

概括

gàikuò

summarize; generalize

263

果实 / 果實

guǒshí

fruit; gains; results

264

次要

cìyào

secondary; less important

265

往返

wǎngfǎn

go back and forth; go to and fro

266

好客

hàokè

hospitable; to enjoy having guests

267

着凉 / 著涼

zháo liáng

catch a cold

268

提倡

tíchàng

promote; to advocate; proposal

269

拐弯 / 拐彎

guǎi wān

turn a corner; make a turn

270

发愁 / 發愁

fā chóu

worry about sth.

271

能干

nénggàn

capable; competent

272

看不起

kàn bu qǐ

look down upon; despise

273

广大 / 廣大

guǎngdà

vast; extensive

274

省略

shěnglüè

to omit; to leave out; abbreviate

275

均匀 / 均勻

jūnyún

even; well-distributed

276

湿润 / 濕潤

shīrùn

moist; humid

277

吃亏 / 吃虧

chīkuī

suffer losses; get the worst of

278

学问 / 學問

xuéwen

learning; knowledge

279

鲜艳 / 鮮艷

xiānyàn

bright-colored

280

内科 / 內科

nèikē

internal medicine

281

不见得 / 不見得

bújiàndé

not necessarily; not likely

282

孝顺 / 孝順

xiàoshùn

filial piety

283

光盘 / 光盤

guāngpán

CD (compact disc)

284

声调 / 聲調

shēngdiào

tone; note

285

灾害 / 災害

zāihài

disaster; calamity

286

陆续 / 陸續

lùxù

in turn; successively; one after another

287

爱惜 / 愛惜

àixī

cherish; treasure; use sparingly

288

国庆节 / 國慶節

Guóqìng Jié

National Day

289

一律

yílǜ

same; uniformly; all; without exception

290

片面

piànmiàn

one-sided; unilateral

291

鞭炮

biānpào

firecracker; a long string of small firecrackers

292

清淡

qīngdàn

light (of food, not greasy or strongly flavored) ; insipid; slack (sales)

293

开水 / 開水

kāishuǐ

boiled water; boil water

294

馒头 / 饅頭

mántou

steamed bun/roll

295

经商 / 經商

jīng shāng

trade; be in business; do commerce

296

扇子

shànzi

fan (for waving)

297

与其 / 與其

yǔqí

rather than; better than

298

日用品

rìyòngpǐn

daily necessities

299

胡同

hútòng

lane; alley

300

干活儿 / 干活兒

gàn huór

do manual labor; to work

301

中旬

zhōngxún

middle third of a month

302

教材

jiàocái

teaching materials

303

鼠标 / 鼠標

shǔ biāo

mouse (computer)

304

本科

běnkē

undergraduate

305

文具

wénjù

stationery; writing supplies

306

煤炭

méitàn

coal

307

推辞 / 推辭

tuīcí

to decline; turn down

308

急忙

jímáng

hastily

309

提纲 / 提綱

tígāng

outline; the key point

310

成语 / 成語

chéngyǔ

idiom; proverb

311

元旦

yuándàn

New Year's Day

312

近代

jìndài

modern times; latest generation

313

汇率 / 匯率

huìlǜ

exchange rate

314

华裔 / 華裔

Huáyì

person of Chinese descent

315

粘贴 / 粘貼

zhāntiē

to paste

316

拼音

pīnyīn

pinyin; phonetic writing

317

虚心 / 虛心

xūxīn

modest; open-minded

318

挂号 / 挂號

guà hào

register; check into hospital; send by registered mail

319

尺子

chǐzi

ruler (measuring instrument)

320

标点 / 標點

biāodiǎn

punctuation; punctuation mark; punctuate

321

归纳 / 歸納

guīnà

conclude from the facts; induce; sum up from the facts

322

太极拳 / 太極拳

tàijíquán

Tai chi, a Chinese martial art

323

人民币 / 人民幣

rénmínbì

(currency) renminbi (RMB)

324

名胜古迹 / 名勝古跡

míngshènggǔjì

famous scenic spots and ancient historic sites

325

连忙 / 連忙

liánmáng

promptly; at once