hsk6-5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in hsk6-5 Deck (500):
1



吃力

chīlì

strenuous; exhausted

2

参谋 / 參謀

cānmóu

advisor; give advice

3

勾结 / 勾結

gōujié

collude with; collaborate; gang up

4

动荡 / 動蕩

dòngdàng

(social or political) turmoil; unrest; upheaval

5

充沛

chōngpèi

abundant; plentiful; vigorous

6

会晤 / 會晤

huìwù

meet; meeting; conference

7

亚军 / 亞軍

yàjūn

second place; runner-up

8

主权 / 主權

zhǔquán

sovereignty

9

主办 / 主辦

zhǔbàn

to host (a conference or sports event)

10

眯 / 瞇

mī, mí

to squint; to take a nap | get something in one's eye

11

盛行

shèngxíng

in fashion; prevalent; prevail

12

畅通 / 暢通

chàngtōng

unimpeded; unclogged; free-flowing; straight path; to expedite

13

生疏

shēngshū

unfamiliar; strange; out of practice

14

海拔

hǎibá

height above sea level; elevation

15

斯文

sīwen

refined; educated; cultured; intellectual; men of letters; scholars; literati; polite; gentle

16

悬挂 / 懸挂

xuánguà

suspend; hang; suspension (cable car)

17

堆积 / 堆積

duījī

pile up; accumulate

18

坚韧 / 堅韌

jiānrèn

tough and durable; hard-bitten; firm and tenacious

19

唾弃 / 唾棄

tuòqì

cast aside; spurn

20

觉悟 / 覺悟

juéwù

consciousness; awareness; (Buddhist) enlightenment

21

自发 / 自發

zìfā

spontaneous; unprompted

22

空隙

kòngxì

crack; gap between two objects

23

狠心

hěn xīn

callous; cruel; cold-blooded

24

派别 / 派別

pàibié

denomination; group; school; faction; school of thought; sect

25

攻克

gōngkè

to capture; to take

26

意向

yìxiàng

will; intent; disposition

27

开拓 / 開拓

kāituò

break new ground (for agriculture); development

28

别致 / 別致

biézhì

unique; unconventional; fancy

29

创业 / 創業

chuàngyè

begin an undertaking; start a major task; start a company

30

伤脑筋 / 傷腦筋

shāng nǎojīn

troublesome; bothersome

31

为期 / 為期

wéiqī

be scheduled for; last for (a certain duration)

32

通货膨胀 / 通貨膨脹

tōnghuò péngzhàng

inflation

33

端正

duānzhèng

upright; regular; proper; correct

34

港湾 / 港灣

gǎngwān

harbor; estuary

35

文献 / 文獻

wénxiàn

document; literature

36

崇敬

chóngjìng

revere; admire; veneration

37

对照 / 對照

duìzhào

contrast; compare

38

媒介

méijiè

media; medium

39

处分 / 處分

chǔfèn

punish; punishment; discipline; disposal

40

和气 / 和氣

héqi

friendly; polite; amiable

41

霸道

bàdào

overbearing; despotic hegemony; rule by force; (of liquor, medicine, etc.) strong

42

赞叹 / 贊嘆

zàntàn

sigh or grasp in admiration; highly praise

43

苦涩 / 苦澀

kǔsè

bitter and astringent; pained; agonized; anguished

44

耸 / 聳

sǒng

shrug; towering; shock (alarm)

45

科目

kēmù

(school) subject

46

点缀 / 點綴

diǎnzhuì

decorate; an ornament; beautify; embellish; be the finishing touch

47

歌颂 / 歌頌

gēsòng

sing the praise of; extol; eulogize

48

杂交 / 雜交

zájiāo

create a hybrid; cross-fertilize

49

暂且 / 暫且

zànqiě

for the moment; for the time being; temporarily

50

嘱咐 / 囑咐

zhǔfù

enjoin; to tell; exhort

51

冷落

lěngluò

to treat somebody coldy; to snub; desolate; to give the cold shoulder

52

一丝不苟 / 一絲不苟

yìsībùgǒu

(literally) not one thread loose; strictly according to the rules; meticulous

53

迟缓 / 遲緩

chíhuǎn

slow; sluggish

54

眼色

yǎnsè

a wink; signal with one's eyes

55

浸泡

jìnpào

to soak

56

栏目 / 欄目

lánmù

column (in a newspaper,TV,etc)

57

有条不紊 / 有條不紊

yǒutiáobùwěn

in an orderly way; methodically; systematically; methodical

58

慰问 / 慰問

wèiwèn

to express sympathy; consolation; extend regards to; salute

59

威信

wēixìn

prestige; reputation; veneration; authority; trust

60

一目了然

yímùliǎorán

obvious at a glance

61

自力更生

zì lì gēng shēng

(idiom) self reliance

62

灯笼 / 燈籠

dēnglong

lantern

63

时事 / 時事

shíshì

current events; the present situation

64

新颖 / 新穎

xīnyǐng

new and original; novel

65

兴高采烈 / 興高採烈

xìng gāo cǎi liè

in high spirits

66

停泊

tíngbó

anchor; mooring (of a ship)

67

倔强 / 倔強

juéjiàng

stubborn; unbending

68

俯视 / 俯視

fǔshì

look down at; overlook

69

世代

shìdài

for generations; generation to generation

70

靠拢 / 靠攏

kàolǒng

draw close; close up; move up

71

踏实 / 踏實

tāshi

practical; down-to-earth; realistic; feel at ease; steadfast

72

立足

lìzú

base oneself on; be established; have a footing

73

物业 / 物業

wùyè

property management

74

淡水

dànshuǐ

fresh water; potable water (water with low salt content)

75

杠杆

gànggǎn

lever; pry bar; crowbar; financial leverage

76

朴素

pǔsù

plain; simple; austerity

77

开辟 / 開辟

kāipì

open up; to start; to build

78

家喻户晓 / 家喻戶曉

jiā yù hù xiǎo

become a household name; well-known

79

周折

zhōuzhé

setback; twists and turns; problem; complication

80

丛 / 叢

cóng

crowd together; thicket; collection

81

进而 / 進而

jìn'ér

and then (what follows next)

82

请示 / 請示

qǐngshì

ask for instructions

83

肆无忌惮 / 肆無忌憚

sìwújìdàn

absolutely unrestrained; unbridled; without the slightest scruple

84

确立 / 確立

quèlì

to establish; to institute

85

盛情

shèngqíng

great kindness; boundless hospitality

86

狼吞虎咽

lángtūnhǔyàn

wolf down one's food (idiom); gorge oneself

87

框架

kuàngjià

frame; framework; skeleton

88

平坦

píngtǎn

flat

89

冰雹

bīngbáo

hail

90

随即 / 隨即

suíjí

immediately (after); soon after; immediately

91

赤字

chìzì

(financial) deficit; red ink

92

草案

cǎo'àn

draft (legislation, proposal, etc.)

93

精简 / 精簡

jīngjiǎn

simplify; cut; reduce

94

疙瘩

gēda

swelling or lump on skin

95

时而 / 時而

shí'ér

occasionally; often, but not at any fixed time

96

散文

sǎnwén

prose; essay

97

工艺品 / 工藝品

gōngyìpǐn

handicraft; handiwork

98

埋没 / 埋沒

máimò

oblivion; bury; neglect

99

品德

pǐndé

moral character; morality; morals

100

偏差

piānchā

bias; deviation

101

倘若

tǎngruò

provided that; supposing that; if; in case

102

便于 / 便於

biànyú

be easy; be convenient for

103

雄伟 / 雄偉

xióngwěi

grand; majestic

104

通俗

tōngsú

popular; common; everyday; average; vulgar

105

装卸 / 裝卸

zhuāngxiè

load and unload; to transfer

106

衬托 / 襯托

chèntuō

to set off; serve as a foil to

107

考核

kǎohé

examine; check up on

108

繁华 / 繁華

fánhuá

flourishing; bustling; prosperous

109

母语 / 母語

mǔyǔ

native/mother tongue

110

以至

yǐzhì

down to; up to; to such an extent as to...

111

举足轻重 / 舉足輕重

jǔzúqīngzhòng

a foot's move sways the balance; hold the balance of power; play a key role

112

隐约 / 隱約

yǐnyuē

vague; faint; indistinct

113

调和 / 調和

tiáohé

harmonious; harmony

114

误差 / 誤差

wùchā

difference; error; inaccuracy

115

论证 / 論証

lùnzhèng

prove a point; expound on; argumentation

116

灌溉

guàngài

irrigate

117

注释 / 注釋

zhùshì

annotate; annotation; note; make notes in the margin

118

油腻 / 油膩

yóunì

greasy or oily (food)

119

摘要

zhāiyào

summary; abstract

120

姑且

gūqiě

temporarily; the time being

121

天文

tiānwén

astronomy

122

大体 / 大體

dàtǐ

in general; more or less; on the whole

123

变故 / 變故

biàngù

unforeseen event; accident

124

发扬 / 發揚

fāyáng

develop; make full use of; to carry on

125

反问 / 反問

fǎnwèn

ask a rhetorical question; answer a question with a question

126

争气 / 爭氣

zhēng qì

work hard for sth.; determined not to fall short

127

不相上下

bù xiāng shàng xià

equally matched; about the same

128

问世 / 問世

wènshì

be published; to come out

129

锦上添花 / 錦上添花

jǐnshàngtiānhuā

lit. on brocade, add flowers (idiom); to decorate sth already perfect / gilding the lily

130

钻研 / 鑽研

zuānyán

study intensively; delve into

131

追悼

zhuīdào

mourning; memorial (service, etc.)

132

萌芽

méngyá

sprout; bud; germ of a plant

133

立方

lìfāng

cube; (mw cubic units of measure)

134

波涛 / 波濤

bōtāo

great waves; billows

135

播种 / 播種

bōzhǒng

sow seeds; sowing; seed

136

寒暄

hánxuān

exchanging conventional greetings; winter and summer

137

千方百计 / 千方百計

qiān fāng bǎi jì

by every possible means

138

加剧 / 加劇

jiājù

aggravate; intensify; sharpen; accelerate; exacerbate

139

伶俐

línglì

clever; witty; intelligent

140

书法 / 書法

shūfǎ

calligraphy; penmanship

141

上进 / 上進

shàngjìn

make forward progress; do better

142

陈列 / 陳列

chénliè

to display; to exhibit

143

镶嵌 / 鑲嵌

xiāngqiàn

inlay

144

赤道

chìdào

the equator

145

胸怀 / 胸懷

xiōnghuái

think about; heart; one's bosom (the seat of emotions); breast; broad-minded and open

146

无穷无尽 / 無窮無盡

wúqióngwújìn

vast and limitless; endless span of time; no vestige of a beginning, no prospect of an end

147

zhǔ

post; lean on a stick; prop

148

心疼

xīnténg

love dearly; the pain of love

149

巴结 / 巴結

bājie

to fawn on; curry favor with

150

力求

lìqiú

make every effort; do one's best

151

不屑一顾 / 不屑一顧

búxièyígù

not worth seeing; disdain as beneath contempt

152

遏制

èzhì

keep within limits; contain; restrain; hold back

153

督促

dūcù

supervise and urge sb. to complete a task

154

着重 / 著重

zhuózhòng

put emphasis on; to stress

155

盖章 / 蓋章

gàizhāng

affix one's seal; seal; stamp

156

湖泊

húpō

lake

157

椭圆 / 橢圓

tuǒyuán

ellipse; oval

158

操劳 / 操勞

cāoláo

work hard; look after

159

心得

xīndé

knowledge gained

160

刊物

kānwù

publication; periodical; journal

161

颈椎 / 頸椎

jǐngzhuī

cervical vertebra; the seven cervical vertebrae in the neck of humans and most mammals

162

迎面

yíng miàn

face to face; headlong; in one's face

163

舒畅 / 舒暢

shūchàng

happy; entirely free from worry

164

章程

zhāngchéng

written rules; statute; regulations; charter of a corporation

165

神气 / 神氣

shénqì

expression; manner; spirited

166

栽培

zāipéi

grow; educate; cultivate

167

昼夜 / 晝夜

zhòuyè

day and night; continuously without stop

168

敌视 / 敵視

díshì

be hostile; adopt a negative attitude towards

169

招收

zhāoshōu

recruit; take in; to hire

170

吹捧

chuīpěng

flatter sb.; extol sb.'s accomplishments

171

名次

míngcì

position in a ranking of names

172

倡导 / 倡導

chàngdǎo

to advocate; propose; initiate

173

不言而喻

bùyán'éryù

it goes without saying; it is self-evident

174

诧异 / 詫異

chàyì

flabbergasted; astonished

175

渔民 / 漁民

yúmín

fisherman; fisher folk

176

托运 / 托運

tuōyùn

check in (baggage); consign for shipment

177

成心

chéngxīn

intentional; deliberate; with prior intent

178

忌讳 / 忌諱

jìhuì

avoid as a taboo; abstain from; taboo

179

导向 / 導向

dǎoxiàng

guidance; lead to; direct something towards

180

啰唆

luōsuo

long-winded; wordy; troublesome; pesky

181

变迁 / 變遷

biànqiān

changes; vicissitude

182

制约 / 制約

zhìyuē

restrict; condition

183

列举 / 列舉

lièjǔ

make a list; enumerate

184

公证 / 公証

gōngzhèng

notarization

185

佳肴

jiāyáo

delicacy; good food

186

亏待 / 虧待

kuīdài

treat sb. unfairly

187

魄力

pòlì

daring; resolution; boldness; courage

188

顿时 / 頓時

dùnshí

immediately; suddenly

189

鞭策

biāncè

spur on; urge on

190

索性

suǒxìng

you might as well (do it); simply; just; frankly; bluntly; directly

191

相声 / 相聲

xiàngsheng

comic dialogue; crosstalk

192

涌现 / 涌現

yǒngxiàn

spring up; emerge prominently

193

朴实 / 朴實

pǔshí

plain; sober; down-to-earth

194

固然

gùrán

admittedly; it is true that; indeed

195

呼啸 / 呼嘯

hūxiào

whistle; scream; howl

196

吉祥

jíxiáng

lucky

197

讥笑 / 譏笑

jīxiào

sneer at; deride

198

蔚蓝 / 蔚藍

wèilán

azure; sky blue

199

茎 / 莖

jīng

stalk; stem

200

答辩 / 答辯

dábiàn

reply (to an accusation)

201

慈祥

cíxiáng

a kindly person; benevolent (often of older people)

202

家常

jiācháng

the daily life of a family; home-style (food)

203

学说 / 學說

xuéshuō

theory; doctrine

204

壮丽 / 壯麗

zhuànglì

magnificence; splendid; majestic

205

周转 / 周轉

zhōuzhuǎn

turnover (in cash or personnel); have enough resources to cover a need

206

兴旺 / 興旺

xīngwàng

prosperous; thriving; to prosper

207

借鉴 / 借鑒

jièjiàn

take example by; use other people's experience

208

飘扬 / 飄揚

piāoyáng

wave in the wind; flutter; fly

209

纺织 / 紡織

fǎngzhī

spinning and weaving; textile

210

纵横 / 縱橫

zònghéng

able to move unhindered; length and breadth

211

旷课 / 曠課

kuàng kè

cut school; be truant from school

212

文艺 / 文藝

wényì

literature and art

213

截至

jiézhì

up until; by (a specified time

214

威望

wēiwàng

prestige

215

夹杂 / 夾雜

jiāzá

mix together; have two dissimilar substances mixed together

216

壮烈 / 壯烈

zhuàngliè

brave and honorable

217

反之

fǎnzhī

whereas...; on the other hand ...; conversely ...

218

历来 / 歷來

lìlái

always; throughout (a period of time)

219

分寸

fēncun

propriety; the limits of proper speech or action

220

起哄

qǐ hòng

gather together; cause a commotion

221

贯彻 / 貫徹

guànchè

to implement; put into practice; carry out

222

蕴藏 / 蘊藏

yùncáng

hold in store; contain untapped quantities

223

相等

xiāngděng

be equal to; equally; equivalent

224

pàn

riverbank; side; boundary

225

沿海

yánhǎi

coastal

226

污蔑

wūmiè

to slander

227

棍棒

gùnbàng

club

228

shāo

tip of a branch

229

操练 / 操練

cāoliàn

to drill; to practice

230

搀 / 攙

chān

assist by the arm; mix; support; sustain

231

拟定 / 擬定

nǐdìng

make an initial draft; draw up

232

悬殊 / 懸殊

xuánshū

a wide gap; big contrast; large disparity; a mismatch

233

恭敬

gōngjìng

dutiful; deferential

234

归根到底 / 歸根到底

guī gēn dào dǐ

(saying) to sum it up ...

235

寓言

yùyán

fable

236

多元化

duōyuánhuà

diversify; diversification

237

喧哗 / 喧嘩

xuānhuá

cause a scene

238

哺乳

bǔrǔ

breast-feeding; to suckle

239

启蒙 / 啟蒙

qǐméng

enlighten; enlightenment; instruct the young; to initiate

240

俗话 / 俗話

súhuà

common saying; proverb

241

逆行

nìxíng

go/drive against the traffic; go in the wrong direction; regress; retrograde

242

贬义 / 貶義

biǎnyì

negative connotation; derogatory sense

243

落成

luòchéng

complete a construction project

244

留念

liúniàn

to keep as a souvenir

245

斟酌

zhēnzhuó

Consider; deliberate

246

挑拨 / 挑撥

tiǎobō

incite disharmony; provoke; stir up tension in others

247

承包

chéngbāo

to contract (to undertake a job)

248

批发 / 批發

pīfā

wholesale

249

扎实 / 扎實

zhāshi

strong; sturdy; practical

250

固有

gùyǒu

intrinsic/inherent to something; native

251

亏损 / 虧損

kuīsǔn

deficit; (financial) loss

252

严寒 / 嚴寒

yánhán

bitter cold; severe winter

253

饱和 / 飽和

bǎohé

saturation

254

陡峭

dǒuqiào

steep; precipitous

255

谢绝 / 謝絕

xièjué

politely refuse

256

自满 / 自滿

zìmǎn

complacent; self-satisfied

257

涂抹

túmǒ

scribble; smear; doodle

258

法人

fǎrén

legal entity (i.e., a corporation)

259

次品

cìpǐn

defective or substandard products

260

地势 / 地勢

dìshì

terrain; topography of a place

261

合算

hésuàn

worthwhile; reckon up

262

力争 / 力爭

lìzhēng

work hard; do all one can to; strive for/argue strongly

263

书记 / 書記

shūji

secretary; clerk

264

遮挡 / 遮擋

zhēdǎng

shelter from; keep out

265

衣裳

yīshang

clothes

266

荤 / 葷

hūn

meat or fish dish; pungent vegetables forbidden to Buddhist vegetarians

267

花蕾

huālěi

(flower) bud

268

舰艇 / 艦艇

jiàntǐng

warship; naval vessel

269

职能 / 職能

zhínéng

function; role

270

浓厚 / 濃厚

nónghòu

dense; thick (fog, clouds, etc.)

271

洽谈 / 洽談

qiàtán

discuss; talk over

272

格局

géjú

structure; pattern

273

根深蒂固

gēn shēn dì gù

deep-rooted; ingrained; inveterate (problem, etc.)

274

哆嗦

duōsuo

tremble; to shiver; to quiver

275

及早

jízǎo

as soon as possible; at the earliest possible time

276

剪彩

jiǎn cǎi

cut the ribbon at an opening ceremony

277

辽阔 / 遼闊

liáokuò

vast; extensive

278

茂盛

màoshèng

exuberance; luxuriant

279

肥沃

féiwò

fertile

280

空前绝后 / 空前絕后

kōngqiánjuéhòu

unprecedented and unrepeatable; never to be reduplicated; the first and the last; unmatched; unique

281

检讨 / 檢討

jiǎntǎo

self-criticism; analyze

282

无微不至 / 無微不至

wú wēi bú zhì

in every possible way; meticulously

283

kuà

carry over one's shoulder or slung on one's side

284

并列 / 並列

bìngliè

stand side by side; be juxtaposed

285

实惠 / 實惠

shíhuì

substantial material benefit; advantageous (deal)

286

势必 / 勢必

shìbì

is bound to (happen)

287

再接再厉 / 再接再厲

zàijiēzàilì

continue the struggle; persist; unremitting efforts

288

兴隆 / 興隆

xīnglóng

prosperous; flourishing

289

风气 / 風氣

fēngqì

general mood; atmosphere; common practice

290

零星

língxīng

partial; scattered; fragmentary

291

雄厚

xiónghòu

abundant; strong and solid; rich

292

衔接 / 銜接

xiánjiē

to join together; to link (especially transport)

293

耐用

nàiyòng

durable

294

美观 / 美觀

měiguān

pleasing to the eye; beautiful; artistic

295

爱不释手 / 愛不釋手

àibúshìshǒu

love something too much to part with it

296

热泪盈眶 / 熱淚盈眶

rè lèi yíng kuàng

(saying) eyes brimming with tears; extremely moved

297

怠慢

dàimàn

to slight; give somebody a cold shoulder; treat somebody in a cold manner

298

志气 / 志氣

zhìqì

ambition; resolve; backbone; drive; spirit

299

弊端

bìduān

malpractice; abuse; corrupt practice

300

吞吞吐吐

tūntūntǔtǔ

hum and haw (idiom); mumble as if hiding something; speak and break off, then start again; to hold something back

301

兢兢业业 / 兢兢業業

jīngjīng yèyè

cautious and conscientious

302

与日俱增 / 與日俱增

yǔrìjùzēng

grow with each passing day

303

附和

fùhè

repeat an agreement; copy sb.'s action or words

304

调剂 / 調劑

tiáojì

make an adjustment

305

见义勇为 / 見義勇為

jiànyìyǒngwéi

to see what is right and act courageously (idiom, from Analects); to stand up bravely for the truth; acting heroically in a just cause

306

称心如意 / 稱心如意

chènxīnrúyì

find sth. satisfactory; very satisfying

307

神态 / 神態

shéntài

appearance; looks; manner; expression

308

磨合

móhé

adapt gradually to each other; to consult; break in; wear in

309

短促

duǎncù

short in time duration; fleeting; brief

310

盛产 / 盛產

shèngchǎn

abound in; teem with; superabundant

311

气魄 / 氣魄

qìpò

spirit; daring; nerve; boldness; enterprising outlook

312

扩充 / 擴充

kuòchōng

expand; extend

313

应邀 / 應邀

yìngyāo

at sb.'s invitation

314

屡次 / 屢次

lǚcì

repeatedly; time and again; frequently

315

声势 / 聲勢

shēngshì

momentum; fame and power; prestige

316

取缔 / 取締

qǔdì

to ban; suppress

317

馋 / 饞

chán

gluttonous; greedy; to crave

318

防治

fángzhì

prevent and cure

319

谋求 / 謀求

móuqiú

seek; strive for; try to get

320

落实 / 落實

luòshí

workable; implement

321

杜绝 / 杜絕

dùjué

put an end to

322

效益

xiàoyì

benefit;results

323

征收

zhēngshōu

levy (fine); impose (tariff)

324

化肥

huàféi

chemical fertilizer

325

勘探

kāntàn

exploration

326

验收 / 驗收

yànshōu

inspect and then accept (i.e. received goods

327

聋哑 / 聾啞

lóngyǎ

deaf and dumb; deaf-mute

328

缴纳 / 繳納

jiǎonà

to pay (taxes)

329

繁体字 / 繁體字

fántǐzì

traditional Chinese character

330

立交桥 / 立交橋

lìjiāoqiáo

overpass; one road goes on top of another; cloverleaf intersection

331

磋商

cuōshāng

discuss seriously; consult; negotiate

332

珍稀

zhēnxī

rare; precious and uncommon

333

熏陶

xūntáo

to influence (positively)

334

水利

shuǐlì

water conservancy; irrigation works

335

普及

pǔjí

widespread; popular; popularize

336

急功近利

jígōngjìnlì

eager for success and profit

337

循序渐进 / 循序漸進

xún xù jiàn jìn

make steady progress incrementally; step by step program

338

层出不穷 / 層出不窮

céng chū bù qióng

(idiom) emerge more and more; innumerable succession; breeding like flies

339

就近

jiùjìn

nearby; in a close neighborhood

340

实事求是 / 實事求是

shí shì qiú shì

be practical and realistic; seek truth from facts

341

完备 / 完備

wánbèi

complete; perfect

342

宁肯 / 寧肯

nìngkěn

would rather ...; it would be better

343

天伦之乐 / 天倫之樂

tiānlúnzhīlè

family happiness

344

吃苦

chī kǔ

bear hardships; suffer

345

儒家

rújiā

Confucianism

346

倡议 / 倡議

chàngyì

suggest; propose

347

作息

zuòxī

work and rest

348

争先恐后 / 爭先恐后

zhēng xiān kǒng hòu

striving to be first; compete with each other

349

东张西望 / 東張西望

dōngzhāngxīwàng

look in all directions; glance around

350

骨干

gǔgàn

backbone; mainstay

351

闭塞 / 閉塞

bìsè

stop up; shelter from; hard to get to; unenlightened

352

贫乏 / 貧乏

pínfá

lacking; incomplete

353

耕地

gēngdì

arable land; to plow land

354

矿产 / 礦產

kuàngchǎn

minerals

355

瞻仰

zhānyǎng

look at with reverence; admire

356

盆地

péndì

basin

357

物美价廉 / 物美價廉

wùměijiàlián

attractive goods at inexpensive prices

358

服气 / 服氣

fúqì

be convinced

359

支流

zhīliú

tributary; minor aspect; offshoot

360

恍然大悟

huǎngrándàwù

suddenly see the light; suddenly realize what has happened; twig

361

审美 / 審美

shěnměi

aesthetic sense; appreciation of the arts

362

奠定

diàndìng

establish; to found; to settle

363

叮嘱 / 叮囑

dīngzhǔ

urge again and again; exhort; repeatedly warn

364

亭子

tíngzi

pavilion; kiosk

365

丘陵

qiūlíng

hills

366

一举两得 / 一舉兩得

yìjǔliǎngdé

kill two birds with one stone; (literally) attain two objectives with a single move

367

见多识广 / 見多識廣

jiànduōshíguǎng

experienced and knowledgeable

368

稿件

gǎojiàn

rough draft of a document

369

画蛇添足 / 畫蛇添足

huàshétiānzú

draw legs on a snake (idiom); to ruin something by adding something superfluous

370

沉淀 / 沉澱

chéndiàn

to precipitate (solid sediment out of a solution); to settle

371

招标 / 招標

zhāobiāo

to beckon; to invite bids

372

娇气 / 嬌氣

jiāoqì

delicate; effeminate; squeamish

373

园林 / 園林

yuánlín

gardens; park; landscape

374

后顾之忧 / 后顧之憂

hòugùzhīyōu

fears of trouble in the rear (idiom); family worries (obstructing freedom to act); trouble back at home; worries about the future consequences; often in negative expressions, meaning no worries about anything

375

刹那 / 剎那

chànà

an instant (Sanskrit: ksana); split second

376

兴致勃勃 / 興致勃勃

xìngzhìbóbó

in high spirits

377

共计 / 共計

gòngjì

sum up; total

378

不由得

bùyóude

can't help; cannot but

379

不敢当 / 不敢當

bù gǎndāng

(literally) I dare not accept the honor; you flatter me

380

xiá

red clouds

381

稠密

chóumì

dense; thick

382

砍伐

kǎnfá

cut down; lop; hew (as a tree); fell

383

据悉 / 據悉

jùxī

according to reports; it is reported (that)

384

挺拔

tǐngbá

tall and straight

385

感慨

gǎnkǎi

lament; sigh with emotion or regret

386

封建

fēngjiàn

feudal; feudalism

387

依托

yītuō

rely on; depend on

388

逐年

zhúnián

year after year; on an annual basis

389

贤惠 / 賢惠

xiánhuì

virtuous and dutiful (of women)

390

聚精会神 / 聚精會神

jù jīng huì shén

concentrate one's attention

391

精打细算 / 精打細算

jīng dǎ xì suàn

(saying) meticulous planning and careful accounting

392

欣欣向荣 / 欣欣向榮

xīnxīn xiàng róng

flourishing; thriving; prosperous

393

昌盛

chāngshèng

prosperous

394

日新月异 / 日新月異

rìxīnyuèyì

change with each passing day

395

把关 / 把關

bǎ guān

guard a pass; check on

396

得不偿失 / 得不償失

dé bù cháng shī

the gains do not outweigh the losses

397

布告

bùgào

notice; bulletin

398

刻不容缓 / 刻不容緩

kèbùrónghuǎn

demand immediate action; brook no delay

399

供不应求 / 供不應求

gōng bú yìng qiú

(saying) demand outstrips supply

400

炉灶 / 爐灶

lúzào

kitchen range; cooking range; stovetop range

401

比重

bǐzhòng

proportion; specific gravity

402

出神

chū shén

be lost in thought; entranced; preoccupation; Trance (music genre)

403

优胜劣汰 / 優勝劣汰

yōushèngliètài

survival of the fittest

404

须知 / 須知

xūzhī

prerequisites; knowledge requirement

405

边疆 / 邊疆

biānjiāng

border area; borderland; frontier; frontier region

406

纲领 / 綱領

gānglǐng

program; guiding principle

407

正月

zhēngyuè

the first month of the lunar calendar

408

振兴 / 振興

zhènxīng

develop vigorously; promote; revive; revitalize; invigorate; re-energize

409

废寝忘食 / 廢寢忘食

fèiqǐnwàngshí

to forget even sleeping and eating

410

堤坝 / 堤壩

dībà

dam; dyke

411

凹凸

āotū

(of a surface) uneven; bumpy

412

乡镇 / 鄉鎮

xiāngzhèn

village and town

413

不免

bùmiǎn

unavoidable

414

难能可贵 / 難能可貴

nánnéngkěguì

difficult of attainment, hence worthy of esteem; deserving praise for one's excellent performance or behaviour; estimable; commendable

415

锲而不舍 / 鍥而不舍

qiè'érbùshě

keep on chipping away; work with perseverance

416

辩证 / 辯証

biànzhèng

investigate; dialectical

417

潜移默化 / 潛移默化

qiányímòhuà

exert a subtle influence on sb.'s character, thinking, etc.; impercebtibly influence; to influence secretly

418

清真

qīngzhēn

Muslim

419

淡季

dànjì

off season; slow business season

420

气功 / 氣功

qìgōng

Qi Gong, a system of deep breathing exercises

421

毅然

yìrán

without hesitation; resolutely; firmly

422

正气 / 正氣

zhèngqì

healthy environment; healthy atmosphere

423

朝代

cháodài

dynasty; reign (of a king)

424

斩钉截铁 / 斬釘截鐵

zhǎn dīng jié tiě

to chop the nail and slice the iron (idiom); resolute and decisive; definitely

425

微观 / 微觀

wēiguān

microscopic; sub atomic

426

廉洁 / 廉潔

liánjié

honest; incorruptible

427

序言

xùyán

preface of a book, used to explain the book's objective

428

宏观 / 宏觀

hóngguān

macro-; macroscopic

429

历代 / 歷代

lìdài

successive dynasties; past dynasties

430

风土人情 / 風土人情

fēngtǔrénqíng

local conditions (human and environmental)

431

豪迈 / 豪邁

háomài

bold and generous; heroic

432

见闻 / 見聞

jiànwén

information

433

船舶

chuánbó

ships; boats; watercraft

434

礼尚往来 / 禮尚往來

lǐshàngwǎnglái

courtesy requires reciprocity

435

省会 / 省會

shěnghuì

provincial capital

436

查获 / 查獲

cháhuò

investigate and capture (a criminal); ferret out

437

朝气蓬勃 / 朝氣蓬勃

zhāo qì péng bó

full of youthful energy (idiom); full of vigour and vitality; energetic; spirited; a bright spark

438

弊病

bìbìng

malady; evil; malpractice; drawback

439

尚且

shàngqiě

yet; still; even; also

440

外向

wàixiàng

extroverted; export-oriented (economy)

441

体裁 / 體裁

tǐcái

types or forms of literature

442

任重道远 / 任重道遠

rènzhòngdàoyuǎn

lit. a heavy load and a long road; fig. to bear heavy responsibilities through a long struggle; shoulder heavy responsibilities

443

不料

búliào

unexpectedly; to one's surprise

444

鸦雀无声 / 鴉雀無聲

yāquèwúshēng

not even a crow or sparrow can be heard (idiom); silence reigns

445

过奖 / 過獎

guòjiǎng

praise excessively; flatter

446

苦尽甘来 / 苦盡甘來

kǔjìngānlái

sweetness comes after bitterness; the hard times are over and the good times are just beginning

447

精益求精

jīng yì qiú jīng

(saying) improving and wanting to improve even more

448

籍贯 / 籍貫

jíguàn

place of one's ancestry

449

稻谷

dàogǔ

rice crops/paddy

450

混浊 / 混濁

hùnzhuó

muddy; dirty; turbid

451

悬崖峭壁 / 懸崖峭壁

xuányáqiàobì

cliffside

452

川流不息

chuān liú bù xī

(saying) flowing of an endless stream

453

压岁钱 / 壓歲錢

yāsuìqián

gifts of money given to children during the Spring Festival

454

举世瞩目 / 舉世矚目

jǔshì zhǔmù

attract worldwide attention

455

连年 / 連年

liánnián

successive years; over many years; once again this year

456

诞辰 / 誕辰

dànchén

birthday

457

络绎不绝 / 絡繹不絕

luòyìbùjué

endless stream

458

知足常乐 / 知足常樂

zhīzúchánglè

content with what one has

459

津津有味

jīnjīn yǒu wèi

(saying) with gusto; eagerly; with great interest

460

拜年

bài nián

congratulate the New Year; wish sb. a Happy New Year

461

急于求成 / 急於求成

jíyúqiúchéng

impatient for success

462

季军 / 季軍

jìjūn

third in a race; bronze medalist

463

南辕北辙 / 南轅北轍

nányuánběizhé

at odds with; act in a way that defeats one's purpose

464

公安局

gōngānjú

public security bureau

465

乌黑 / 烏黑

wūhēi

jet-black; pitch-black

466

馅儿 / 餡兒

xiànr

stuffing; filling

467

联欢 / 聯歡

liánhuān

have a get-together

468

相辅相成 / 相輔相成

xiāngfǔxiāngchéng

supplement and complement each other

469

畜牧

xùmù

raise animals

470

生肖

shēngxiào

Chinese zodiac

471

理直气壮 / 理直氣壯

lǐzhíqìzhuàng

with justice on one's side, one is bold and assured; to have the courage of ones convictions; just and forceful

472

泰斗

tàidǒu

leading scholar of his time; magnate

473

沾光

zhān guāng

bask in the light; benefit from association with sth.; reflected glory

474

正负 / 正負

zhèngfù

positive and negative; plus-minus

475

旗袍

qípáo

cheongsam; Chinese-style dress

476

各抒己见 / 各抒己見

gèshūjǐjiàn

everyone gives their own view

477

勉励 / 勉勵

miǎnlì

encourage

478

侃侃而谈 / 侃侃而談

kǎnkǎn'értán

speak frankly and in measured tones; argue about leisurely and boldly

479

递增 / 遞增

dìzēng

increase step by step; steadily increase

480

踊跃 / 踴躍

yǒngyuè

eager; enthusiastically

481

羽绒服 / 羽絨服

yǔróngfú

down jacket

482

经纬 / 經緯

jīngwěi

warp and woof; longitude and latitude; main points

483

纪要 / 紀要

jìyào

written summary of a meeting; minutes

484

炊烟 / 炊煙

chuīyān

smoke from kitchen chimneys

485

温带 / 溫帶

wēndài

temperate zone

486

恳切 / 懇切

kěnqiè

earnest; genuine; fair-spoken

487

得天独厚 / 得天獨厚

détiāndúhòu

enjoy exceptional advantages; richly endowed by nature

488

喜闻乐见 / 喜聞樂見

xǐwénlèjiàn

a delight to see (idiom); an attractive spectacle

489

博大精深

bódàjīngshēn

broad and profound

490

勤俭 / 勤儉

qínjiǎn

hardworking and thrifty

491

农历 / 農歷

nónglì

agricultural calendar; lunar calendar

492

东道主 / 東道主

dōngdàozhǔ

host for a party or conference

493

饱经沧桑 / 飽經滄桑

bǎojīngcāngsāng

experienced many changes

494

飞禽走兽 / 飛禽走獸

fēiqínzǒushòu

birds and animals; the beasts of the field and the birds of the air

495

端午节 / 端午節

Duānwǔ Jié

Dragon Boat Festival

496

深情厚谊 / 深情厚誼

shēnqínghòuyì

profound friendship

497

武侠 / 武俠

wǔxiá

knight-errant; a genre of swordplay martial arts movies and books

498

将就 / 將就

jiāngjiu

put up with; accept somewhat reluctantly

499

对联 / 對聯

duìlián

rhyming couplet; vertical written couplet usually placed along either side of a doorway

500

华侨 / 華僑

huáqiáo

overseas Chinese