Human Anatomy & Physiology Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Human Anatomy & Physiology Exam 1 Deck (31):
1

Buccal applies to what part of the anatomy?

Cheek

2

Digital applies to what part of the anatomy?

Fingers. A new term for getting fingerbanged is "getting digitized"

3

Calcaneal applies to what part of the anatomy?

Heel. Calcaneal rhymes with heal.

4

Cephalic applies to what part of the anatomy?

Head. Encephalitis can cause flu-like symptoms, such as a fever or severe headache.. keyword head!

5

Patellar applies to what part of the anatomy?

Knee. The patellar tendon is where they made a huge incision in my knee... you can c the scar!

6

Scapular applies to what part of the anatomy?

Shoulder blade region. A scapula is a knife/blade... a scapular is the shoulder BLADE

7

Crural is the body area near??

anterior part of your lower leg below kneecap.

8

Sural is the body are near??

Posterior part of lower leg below kneecap

9

What body regions are classified as appendicular?

Antecubital, brachial, crural, femoral, fibular, popliteal, sural

10

What body regios are classified as axial?

abdominal, cervical, gluteal, lumbar, occipital, oral, pubic, thoracic, umbilical.

11

Describe anatomical position:

Standing erect, feet together & toes pointed forward, arms hanging at sides, palms forward.

12

Which body cavity would be opened for the surgery/procedure: surgery to remove a cancerous lung lobe?

thoracic, ventral

13

Which body cavity would be opened for the surgery/procedure: Removal of uterus, or womb

abdominopelvic, ventral

14

Which body cavity would be opened for the surgery/procedure: removal of brain

Cranial, dorsal

15

Which body cavity would be opened for the surgery/procedure: appendectormy

abdominopelvic, ventral

16

Which body cavity would be opened for the surgery/procedure: stomach ulcer operation

abdominopelvic

17

Delivery of pre-operative"saddle"anesthesia

spinal, dorsal

18

Name the muscle that subdivides the ventral body cavity

diaphram

19

Which body cavity affords the least protection to its internal structures

Abdominal

20

What is the function of the serous membranes of the body?

Lubricating fluid production (serous fluid) reduces friction for organs.

21

What small body cavity hold the eyes in an anterior-facing position?

Orbital Cavity

22

What small body cavity houses three tiny bones involved in hearing?

middle ear cavity

23

What small body cavity contained within the nose?

nasal cavity

24

What small body cavity contains the tongue

oral cavity

25

What small body cavity surrounds a joint

Synovial cavity

26

Doral body cavities. What is inferior and what is superior?

Cranial cavity is superior and vetebral/spinal cavity is inferior.

27

Ventral Body cavities, Superior/inferior

thoracic is superior, abdominopelvic cavity is inferior

28

ORGAN SYSTEMS: Name component organs & function: Integumentary

Integumentary (Skin) Epidermal and dermal regions: cutaneous sense organs & glands. Function: protect deeper organs from mechanical/chemical/bacterial injury & drying out. Produces Vitamin D. Aids in regulation of body temp. Excretes salts & urea

29

ORGAN SYSTEMS: Name component organs & function:Skeletal

Bones/Cartilages/tendons/ligaments/joints. Function: body support/protection of internal organs. Provides levers for muscular action. cavities provide site for blood formation.

30

ORGAN SYSTEMS: Name component organs & function:Muscular

Muslces attached to skeleton. Function: contract/shorten. allows locomotion, generates heat

31

ORGAN SYSTEMS: Name component organs & function:Nervous

brain, spinal cord, nerves and sensory receptors. Function: allows body to detect changes in external/internal environment and respond by activating appropriate muscles and glands. Helps maintain homeostasis of body via rapid transmission of electrical signals.