Human Body in Health & Disease (Chapter 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Human Body in Health & Disease (Chapter 2) Deck (20):
1

disease of rapid onset, short duration, w/ sharp/severe effect

acute

2

disease of long duration, typically slow in progression

chronic

3

state of the body where homeostasis has faltered

disease

4

disease induced by medical treatment

iatrogenic

5

disease of unknown cause

idiopathic

6

invasion & multiplication of parasitic organisms within the body (bacteria, viruses, fungi)

infection

7

response to trauma, marked by symptoms of redness, swelling, heat, & pain

inflammation

8

conditions following & resulting from disease

sequelae

9

wound or injury

trauma

10

computed axial tomography scan: diagnostic scan similar to x-ray where data from beams of energized particles are computer interpreted to produce a 3-D cross-sectional image of the body

CAT/CT scan

11

determination of the nature of a disease

diagnosis

12

diagnostic procedure involving visual exam w/ an endoscope - made up of camera, fiber optics, & long flexible tube inserted into patient

endoscopy

13

study of origin/cause of disease

etiology

14

evaluation made for purpose of diagnosis by identifying physical evidence of disease, such as signs and symptoms

examination

15

magnetic resonance imaging: diagnostic scan using a powerful magnetic field generated in a chamber where the patient lies - traces hydrogen thru patient's body resulting in clear, complete computer generated 3-D images of soft tissue

MRI scan

16

one who studies disease

pathologist

17

study of disease

pathology

18

positron emission tomography scan: diagnostic scan that employs computers & radioactive substances to examine metabolic activity of various parts of the body & create color-coded images

PET scan

19

probable cause or outcome of a disease

prognosis

20

diagnostic procedure using sound waves to pulsate thru body tissues & convert into images of internal body structures on a computer; also called sonography

ultrasound