Flashcards in Human Canadian Resources Deck (33):
What is birth rate?
Number of births per thousand of population per year
What is a death rate?
Number of deaths per thousand of population per year
What is an émigration rate?
Number of people leaving a country per thousand of population per year
What is immigration rate?
Number of people entering a country per thousand of population per year
What is natural increase rate?
How a population changes based on the difference between births and deaths
What is a migration rate?
Movement of people based on the difference between immigrants and emigrants
What is growth rate?
Amount a population increases or decreases over time
What is dependency load?
Part of the population that must be supported. Citizens who are under 15 and over 65
What is an immigrant?
Person who enters a country to live
What is an emigrant?
Person who leaves their own country to settle in another place
What is a refugee?
Person forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster
Commercial and business center of a city ‘downtown’
Increasing amount of people living in an urban area
What is a pull factor and what are some examples?
Factors that draw people to a certain country
Friends/relatives, climate, job opportunities
What is a push factor and what are some examples?
Reasons that cause people to leave their country
War, terrorism, poor country
What is demography?
Study of statistics which illustrate the changing structure of human populations
What is a population pyramid?
Series of horizontal bar graphs for male population placed back to back with similar graphs for the female population
What are factors of a developing country?
Tree or triangle shaped, high dependency load, high death rate, high birth rate, low life expectancy
What are factors of a developed country?
Cup shaped, low dependency load, low death rate, low birth rate, longer life expenctancy
What are factors of a tree or triangle shaped population pyramid?
Developing nation, short life expectancy, slow growth rate, high birth rate
What are factors of a box shaped population pyramid?
Developed nation, long life expectancy, slow growth rate, low infant mortality
What are factors of a cup shaped population pyramid?
Developed nation, long life expectancy, negative growth rate, shrinking population
Define ecological footprint
Space needed to provide for everything people use
What is global warming?
Gradual increase of temperature in the atmosphere
What is the greenhouse effect?
CO2 traps heat energy in the atmosphere. Earths atmosphere slowly heats up
What are the different types of industries?
Primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary
Define primary industry
Extracting raw materials from the ground or water (mining)
Define secondary industry
Manufacturing products by putting things together (factories)
Define tertiary industry
Providing services to others (doctors)
Define quaternary industry
Knowledge based part of the economy (technology)
What is a basic industry?
Selling goods or services to people outside of the local community. New money into local economy (postal service)
What is a non basic industry?
Selling goods or services to people within the local community. Recycling existing money in local economy (barber)