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Flashcards in Human Canadian Resources Deck (33):
1

What is birth rate?

Number of births per thousand of population per year

2

What is a death rate?

Number of deaths per thousand of population per year

3

What is an émigration rate?

Number of people leaving a country per thousand of population per year

4

What is immigration rate?

Number of people entering a country per thousand of population per year

5

What is natural increase rate?

How a population changes based on the difference between births and deaths

6

What is a migration rate?

Movement of people based on the difference between immigrants and emigrants

7

What is growth rate?

Amount a population increases or decreases over time

8

What is dependency load?

Part of the population that must be supported. Citizens who are under 15 and over 65

9

What is an immigrant?

Person who enters a country to live

10

What is an emigrant?

Person who leaves their own country to settle in another place

11

What is a refugee?

Person forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster

12

Define CBD

Commercial and business center of a city ‘downtown’

13

Define urbanization

Increasing amount of people living in an urban area

14

What is a pull factor and what are some examples?

Factors that draw people to a certain country
Friends/relatives, climate, job opportunities

15

What is a push factor and what are some examples?

Reasons that cause people to leave their country
War, terrorism, poor country

16

What is demography?

Study of statistics which illustrate the changing structure of human populations

17

What is a population pyramid?

Series of horizontal bar graphs for male population placed back to back with similar graphs for the female population

18

What are factors of a developing country?

Tree or triangle shaped, high dependency load, high death rate, high birth rate, low life expectancy

19

What are factors of a developed country?

Cup shaped, low dependency load, low death rate, low birth rate, longer life expenctancy

20

What are factors of a tree or triangle shaped population pyramid?

Developing nation, short life expectancy, slow growth rate, high birth rate

21

What are factors of a box shaped population pyramid?

Developed nation, long life expectancy, slow growth rate, low infant mortality

22

What are factors of a cup shaped population pyramid?

Developed nation, long life expectancy, negative growth rate, shrinking population

23

Define ecological footprint

Space needed to provide for everything people use

24

What is global warming?

Gradual increase of temperature in the atmosphere

25

What is the greenhouse effect?

CO2 traps heat energy in the atmosphere. Earths atmosphere slowly heats up

26

What are the different types of industries?

Primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary

27

Define primary industry

Extracting raw materials from the ground or water (mining)

28

Define secondary industry

Manufacturing products by putting things together (factories)

29

Define tertiary industry

Providing services to others (doctors)

30

Define quaternary industry

Knowledge based part of the economy (technology)

31

What is a basic industry?

Selling goods or services to people outside of the local community. New money into local economy (postal service)

32

What is a non basic industry?

Selling goods or services to people within the local community. Recycling existing money in local economy (barber)

33

What are the subcategories of ecological footprint?

Foods: amount of land and water required to raise living things
Goods and services: amount of energy used for production and consumer goods
Shelter: energy used to construct and operate buildings
Mobility: different modes of transportation