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Flashcards in Human Factor Models And Programmes Deck (10):
1

What are the four risk elements associated with aviation that human factors models and programmes try to reduce:

A. pilot, airplane, environment, operation.
B. pilot, environment, operation, flight.
C. pilot, airport, airplane, weather.
D. airplane, pilot action, task, environment.

A. pilot, airplane, environment, operation

2

What is human factors psychology?

A. The study of mental health as it pertains to pilots.
B. The same as human factors physiology.
C. An outdated concern.
D. A fairly new concept in aviation.

A. The study of mental health as it pertains to pilots

3

How is aviation medicine distinct from general medicine?

A. It is the practice of psychological counselling for pilots exclusively.
B. It is no different.
C. It studies how the human body is affected by high altitudes.
D. It revolves around identifying and respecting one’s physical limits.

C. It studies how the human body is affected by high altitudes

4

Human Factors takes a more proactive approach by considering the benefits offered by new technologies, and the possibilities of increased ________, _________, and _________ that these systems can provide.

A. reliability, communication, safety.
B. reliability, safety, integrity.
C. reliability, communication, integrity.
D. safety, integrity, communication.

A. reliability, communication, safety

5

To maintain situational awareness, an accurate perception must be attained of

A. how pilot interacts with the aircraft and environment, which will affect the flight.
B. how the pilot interacts with the environment and aircraft, which may affect the flight.
C. how the crew make decisions, which might affect the flight.
D. how the pilot must interact with other sources, which may affect the flight.

A. how pilot interacts with the aircraft and environment, which will affect the flight

6

In the SHELL model they refer to Livewire. What does this mean?

A. The setting in which the aviation operations take place. Includes the physical (airspace, terrain, weather, airports), economic (low-cost carrier), operational (IFR, VFR, airline, charter, military), political, and socio-cultural conditions that impact the overall operation
B. Physical components utilised in the system. These include infrastructure, equipment, computerised systems, displays, controls, tools, seats, and all other items used in the performance of aviation duties.
C. Company policies, rules, regulations, documents, checklists, manuals, placards, maps, charts, and other components that make up an organisation’s standard operating procedures (SOPs).
D. Human components that operate outside the flight deck. Includes air traffic control (ATC), cabin-crew members, dispatchers, mechanics, company management, gate personnel, government authorities, fuellers, baggage handlers, etc.

D. Human components that operate outside the flight deck. Includes air traffic control (ATC), cabin-crew members, dispatchers, mechanics, company management, gate personnel, government authorities, fuellers, baggage handlers, etc

7

What is the most important part of the SHELL model?

A. liveware: how humans actually interact with one another.
B. environment: where you are operating and how.
C. hardware: having a safe aircraft with controls that are easy to manipulate.
D. software: the rules and policies which govern aviation.

A. liveware: how humans actually interact with one another

8

Of the five parts of the SHELL model, the most important is?

A. environment (where you are operating and how).
B. hardware (the actual aircraft).
C. liveware (human interaction).
D. software (aviation rules and policies).

C. liveware (human interaction)

9

In what way has the study of human factors over the last 20 years affected accident rates?

A. It has increased the number of accidents but decreased their severity.
B. It has increased the number of accidents.
C. The number of accidents has not changed.
D. It has brought the number of accidents down.

D. It has brought the number of accidents down

10

What is human factors concerned with?

A. a pilot’s personal abilities and limitations.
B. learning how to be macho and object to authority.
C. reducing risks when flying.
D. both a and c.

D. both a and c