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Psychology > Human Growth & Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Human Growth & Development Deck (42):
1

Development Psych

study of changes that occur as an individual matures
includes: biological, psychological, & social

2

Continually vs. Stages

development is a smooth & continuos learning,OR changes clearly defined

3

Stability vs. Change

how stable are our personality traits, do they change as we age?

4

Prenatal Development

egg meets sperm (200 million competitors)
zygote (conception to 2 weeks)
embryo (weeks 2-9, heart beats, organs develop)
fetus (9 weeks to birth, responds to sounds & light)

5

Brain Cells

250,000 brain cells produced a minute in womb

6

Prenatal Developement

nurture vs. nature- can affect placenta, teratogens, sound of mother

7

Teratogens

anything taken into moms body that could harm baby

8

Grasping Reflex

anything that touches palm, they grab

9

Rooting/ Sucking Reflex

if something touches cheek, they turn toward it

10

Moro Reflex

startle reflex

11

Babinski Reflex

touch baby's foot, then opens and closes

12

Maturation

enable orderly changes in behavior
we mature similarly, but timing varies

13

Motor Development

sequence is the same, but timing varies

14

Walking

12 months

15

1st words

1 year

16

Telegraphic Speech

put 2 or 3 words together, not a complete sentence (ex: go to store)

17

Tasks and Developmental challenges

1. accepting ones physical makeup & acquiring a masculine or feminine gender role
2. develop appropriate relations with both genders
3. become emotionally independent of parents and other adults
4. become economically independent
5. deciding on/ preparing for/ entering a vocation
6. cognitive skills and concepts necessary for social competence
7. understand and achieve socially responsible behavior
8. dating
9. acquiring harmonious and appropriate values

18

Authoritarian Parents

strict, rigid, it's their way or the high way, no discussion

19

Authoritative Parents

children can make own decisions, but still places limits

20

Neglectful Parents

parents are uninvolved in child's life.

21

Indulgent Parents

parents highly involved, but kids are allowed to do what they want. (Regina George's mom)

22

Oldest Child

high achieving, perfectionist, parents are harder

23

Middle Child

peacekeeper, laid back, easy going, overlooked

24

Youngest Child

manipulative, bend the rules, wants to be like oldest

25

Divorced Family

most children turn out fine, higher % of emotional problems

26

Working Parents (latchkey kids)

kids left home alone, parents need to monitor kids (phone calls)

27

Gay/Lesbian Parents

don't have a higher emotional or incident problems

28

Cliques

intimate friend groups (usually 5-6 people), normally same gender

29

Crowds

larger than cliques, usually based on reputation (jocks, druggies, orchestra, drama)

30

Metacognition

thinking about thinking
Problems
- finding fault with authority figures
- argumentativeness increases
- indecisiveness
- apparent hypocrisy
- self-consciousness
- invulnerability

31

Teenage Identity Crisis

time of inner conflict when they worry intensely about their identities

32

James Marcia

uses terms crisis and commitment to classify adolescents in 4 identity statuses

33

Will Marry

90% of heterosexual adults get married

34

Divorce

40%-60% of marriages end in divorce

35

Success in marriage

1. handling conflicts constructively
2. 5:1, positive to negative interactions
Cohabitation leads to higher rates of divorce and marital dysfunction

36

Jean Piaget

1. 0-2 years, sensorimotor- develop object permanence
2. 2-7 years, preoperational- egocentrism (can't image world through other persons eyes.)
3. 7-11 years, concrete operational- conservation
4. 11+ years, formal operational- ability to think abstractly

37

Attachment

emotional tie with another person

38

Harry Harlow

monkey experiment
love is more important than food

39

Critical Period

unable to maintain relationships after designated time

40

Konrad Lorenz

imprinting
birds when birthed think first thing they see is mother

41

Mary Ainsworth

strange situation experiment
reunion with mom
types of attachment
1. secure-distressed without, calm when return, use mom as a base
2. insecure- more distressed without, resist comfort when return
3. avoidant- uninterested in mom

42

Responsive

results in secure attachment