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Freud postulated psychosexual stages
a. id, ego, and superego
b. oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital
c. eros, thanatos, regression, and superego
d. manifest, latent, oral, and phallic

b. oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital

id, ego, and superego depict Freud's structural theory of the mind


In Freudian theory, attachment is a major factor
a. in the preconscious mind
b. in the mind of the child in latency
c. which evolves primarily during the oral age
d. a and b

c. oral


In the general population
a. the suicide rate is 2/100,000
b. suicide occurs at the beginning of a depressive episode, but rarely after the depression lifts
c. suicide rates tend to increase with age
d. b and c

c. increase with age


The fear of death
a. is greatest during middle age
b. is an almost exclusively male phenomenon
c. is the number one psychiatric problem in the geriatric years
d. surprisingly enough occurs in the teen years

a. middle age years


In adolescence
a. females commit suicide more than males
b. suicide is a concern but statistically very rare
c. the teens who talk about suicide are not serious
d. males commit suicide more often than females, but females attempt suicide more often

d. males


When comparing girls to boys, it could be noted that
a. girls grow up to smile more
b. girls are using more feeling words by age 2
c. girls are better able to read ppl w/o verbal cues at any age
d. all of the above

d. all of the above


The Freudian developmental stage which "least" emphasizes sexuality is
a. oral
b. anal
c. phallic
d. latency

d. latency


In terms of parenting young children
a. boys are punished more than girls
b. girls are punished more than boys
c. boys and girls are treated in a similar fashion
d. boys show more caregiver bx

a. boys punished more


When developmental theorists speak of nature or nurture they really mean
a. how much heredity or environmental interact to influence development
b. the focus is skewed in favor of biological attributes
c. a and b
d. a theory proposed by Skinner's colleagues.

a. how much heredity or environmental interact to influence dev.


Stage theorists assume
a. qualitative changes between stages occur
b. differences surely exist but usually can't be measured
c. that humanistic psychology is the only model which truly supports the stage viewpoint
d. b and c

a. qualitative changes between stages occur


a. beings at birth
b. begins during the first trimester of pregnancy
c. is a continuous process which begins at conception
d. a and c

c. continuous process


Development is cephalocaudal, which means
a. foot to head
b. head to foot
c. limbs receive the highest level of nourishment
d. b and c

b. head to foot - proportions between head and tail


a. assumes the normal person has 23 pairs of chromosomes
b. assumes that heredity characteristics are transmitted by chromosomes
c. assumes genes composed of DNA hold a genetic code
d. all of the above

d. all of the above


Piaget's final stage is known as the formal operational stage. In this stage
a. abstract thinking emerges
b. problems can be solved using deductions
c. a and b
d. the child has mastered abstract thinking but still feels helpless

c. a and b


Kohlberg lists _____ stages of moral development which fall into _____ levels
a. 6, 3
b. 6, 6
c. 3, 6
d. 3, 3

a. 6, 3

Stage 1 - Punishment/Obedience
Stage 2 - Naive Hedonism
Stage 3 - Good boy/good girl
Stage 4 - Authority, law and order
Stage 5 - Democratically accepted law
Stage 6 - Principles of self-conscience and universal ethics


A person who lives by his or her individual conscience and universal ethical principles
a. has, according to Kohlberg, reached the highest stage of moral development
b. is in the preconventional level
c. is in the postconventional level of self-accepted moral principles
d. a and c

d. a and c


Freud's Oedipus Complex
a. is the stage in which fantasies of sexual relations with the opposite-sex parent occurs
b. occurs during the phallic stage
c. a and b
d. is a concept Freud ultimately eliminated from his theory

c. a and b


In girls the Oedipus complex may be referred to as
a. systematic desensitization
b. covert desensitization
c. in vivo desensitization
d. the Electra complex

d. Electra complex


The correct order of the Freudian psychosexual stages is:
a. oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital
b. oral, anal, genital, phallic, and latency
c. oral, phallic, latency, genital, and anal
d. phallic, genital, latency, oral, and anal

a. oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital


Gibson researched the matter of depth perception in children by utilizing
a. Piaget's concept of conservation
b. Erik Erikson's trust versus mistrust paradigm
c. Piaget's formal operations
d. a visual cliff

a visual cliff


Theorists who believe that development merely consists of quantitative changes are referred to as
a. organismic theorists
b. statistical developmentalists
c. empiricists
d. all of the above

c. empiricists


An empiricist view of development would be
a. psychometric
b. behavioristic
c. against the use of formal statistical testing
d. a and c

b. behavioristic


In the famous experiment by Harlow, frightened monkeys raised via cloth and wire mothers
a. showed marked borderline personality traits
b. surprisingly enough became quite friendly
c. demonstrated a distinct lack of emotion
d. ran over and clung to the cloth and wire surrogate mothers

d. attached to cloth and wire surrogate mothers


A theorist who views developmental changes as quantitative is said to be an empiricist. The antithesis of this position holds that developmental strides are qualitative. What is the name given to this position?
a. behaviorism
b. organicism
c. statistical developmentalism
d. all of the above

b. organicism


In Piaget's developmental theory, reflexes play the greatest role in the
a. sensorimotor stage
b. formal operational stage
c. preoperational stage
d. acquisition of conservation

a. sensorimotor


A mother hides a toy behind her back and a young child does not believe the toy exists anymore. The child has not mastered
a. object permanence
b. reflexive response
c. representational thought
d. a and c

d. a and c


John Bowlby has asserted that
a. attachment is not instinctual
b. attachment is best explained via Skinnerian principle
c. a and b
d. conduct disorders and other forms of psychopathology can result from inadequate attachment and bonding in early chlidhood



The schema of permanency and constancy of objects occurs in the
a. sensorimotor stage - birth to 2 years
b. preoperational stage - 2 to 7 years
c. concrete operational stage - 7 to 12 years
d. formal operational stage - 12 years and beyond



The Harlow experiments utilizing monkeys demonstrated that animals placed in isolation during the first few months of life
a. still developed in a normal fashion
b. still related very well with animals reared normally
c. appeared to be abnormal and autistic
d. were fixated in concrete operational thought patterns

c. abnormal and autistic - extremely withdrawn and isolated


According to the Freudians, if a child is severely traumatized, he or she may _____ a given psychosexual stage
a. skip
b. become fixated at
c. ignore
d. a and c

b. become fixated