Human Key Words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Human Key Words Deck (51):
1

Urban

Densely populated and highly developed area

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Rural

Less populated, greener area with less development

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Migration

When people move around

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Urbanisation

When people move from rural areas to urban areas

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Megacity

City with at least 10 million people

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Pacification

the removal of crime in an area

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Industrialisation

Development of industries in a country

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Deindustrialisation

Reduction of industrial activity

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Urban regeneration

Reverse decline of urban areas

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Social & Ethnic mix

Mix of different people

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Deprivation

Lack of something needed in society

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Pollution

Harmful substances entering the atmosphere

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Net migration

Difference between immigration and emigration

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Urban sprawl

Unplanned growth of urban areas into surrounding countryside

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Greenfield Sites

rural derelict land

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Segregation

separating certain groups of people

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Favela

Brazilian slum

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Congestion

crowdedness of people and traffic

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Brownfield Site

derelict industrial site

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LIC

Low income country - Uganda

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HIC

High income country - England

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NEE

Newly emerging economy - India

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Resource

a stock or supply of a good

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Organic

made without artificial chemicals

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Carbon footprint

amount of CO2 released into atmosphere by a person

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Food miles

how far food has travelled

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Subsidy

sum of money given by a public body

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Agribusiness

business to do with farming

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Vertical integration

two businesses merging at different stages of production

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Energy gap

difference between making and using up energy

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Exploitation

making use of resources

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CCS

carbon capture & storage

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Food Security

Reliable access to food

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Local food

Locally produced food that hasn’t travelled far

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Water stress

More demand for water than what is actually available

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Deficit

Amount by which something is too small

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Surplus

More than what is needed

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Water transfer

Supplier of water, e.g. pipes

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Energy mix

mix of energy sources

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Fossil fuel

Natural fuel that is burnt, e.g. coal

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Non renewable

resource that will run out

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Renewable

Resource that won’t run out

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Energy supply

Energy produced for consumption

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Energy consumption

Amount of energy used

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Energy security

Ability of a country to provide secure, affordable energy

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Primary energy source

E.g. fossil fuels, biofuels, solar, nuclear etc.

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Secondary energy source

E.g. electricity

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Exploitation

Making use of resources

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Sustainable

Meeting needs of the present that won’t affect future needs

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Energy conservation

Reduced amount of energy used

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Sequestration

Removal & storage of carbon from atmosphere into carbon sinks