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Flashcards in Human Systems Deck (69):
1

What is human geography?

A) the study of humans

B) the study of of the interaction of humans

C) the study of humans in a particular place and across areas

D) all of the above

The study of the interaction between humans and their environment in particular places and across areas

2

What are the 4 elements of human systems

A) demographic systems, migration systems, land property systems, settlement system

B) demographic system, migration system, land property pattern, emigration pattern

C) demographic system, migration system, land use system, settlement system

D) demographic system, migration systems land use system, settlement pattern

Demographic systems

Migration systems

Settlement patterns

Land use patterns

3

Why do we need demographers?

The government need to know thing like:

- how many people live in Canada and why they live there
- population trends and changes
- health care issues
- job/employment trends
- agriculture
- education issues
- business and industries

4

What is the growth formula?

Births - deaths + immigrants - emigrants = change in Canada’s population

5

What type of country will experience the most increase in growth?

A) developed countries

B) undeveloped countries

C) developing countries

D) none of the above

Undeveloped countries such as Afghanistan

6

The energy demand is expected to _ _ _ by _ _ % in the next two decades

Increase

40%

7

What is carrying capacity?

A) how many resources an environment has

B) has many people are in a community

C) how big of a population an environment can support

D) how many people are on earth

E) none of the above

A calculation of how big a population an environment can support

8

What are 3 ways in which humanity needs to reduce its impact on Earth:

Explain how doing these will help:

1. Stop consuming so many resources

2. Change technology?

3. Reduce the growth of our population

9

Across the world _ _ million births are unplanned

A) 70

B) 80

C) 90

D) 100

80 million

10

What do population pyramids show?

What’s their purpose?

A) they show gender in a country

B) they show age for a year in a specific country

C) they show population age and gender for a year and for a country

D) they show the population and age for a year and country

E) all of the above

They’re a graph that shows population distribution by age (0-100) and by gender

Their purpose is to show population, age and gender for a fiver year and for a given country

11

What shape should population pyramids have

A) triangle

B) upside down triangle

C) trapezoid

D) rhombus

They should be wide and the bottom and narrow at the bottom

12

Demographers have identified _ _ categories when looking at population pyramids

What are they?

3 categories

Children (0-15)

Working adults (16-64)

Serious (64 and above)

13

What is a dependency load?

A) Refers to a group of people not in the workforce

B) Refers to a group of people in the workforce

C) Refers to a group of people not in the workforce that support those in the workforce

D) Refers to a group of people in the workforce that support those not in the workforce

E) None of the above

Refers to a group of people in Canada who are NOT in the workforce

Working age (16-64) support those under age of 14 and over the age of 65

14

What are three types of world population pyramids.



Expanding populations

Contracting populations

Stable populations

15

What is an expanding population?

An increase in births and deaths

Example: Angola, Africa

16

What is a contracting population?

Lowering birth rate

Example: China

17

What is a stable population?

Low birth rate, high life expectancy

Example: Canada, US

18

What is natural increase?

The difference between the number of live births and the number of deaths during a year

Natural increase is when there are more births than deaths

The natural increase is negative gene the number of deaths exceeds the number of births

19

What is net migration?

A) difference between people immigrating to a country and people emigrating from the same country

B) difference between people emigrating to a country and people immigrating from the same country

C) difference between people coming into a country and lowering the birth rate

D) difference between people staying in a country and people moving on to another country

E) none of the above

The difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants

20

What is a birth rate?

What is a death rate?

Birth rate - number of births per 1000 people in the population

Death rate - number of deaths per 1000 people in the population

21

What is demographic transition?

The 4 stages of a population

Stage one : high birth rate, high death rate

Stage two : high birth rate, lowering death rate, rapidly increasing population

Stage three : birth rate lowers, population growth decreases

Stage four : low birth rate, low death rate

22

What is green revolution?

A) high yield, disease infested crops

B) high yield, disease resistant crops

C) low yield, disease infested crops

D) low yield, disease resistant crops

E) painting everything green

High yield, disease resistant crops

23

Advantages of a growing population in Canada

- more doctors, nurses

- more jobs

- more development - housing, technology

- more consumerism and more money

- more teachers, schools and education

- better education system

- more food? (maybe)

- more attractions, more entertainment

24

Disadvantages of a growing population in Canada

- high growth rate means there may be a shortage of housing, healthcare, food, education and jobs

- overcrowding

- pollution

- global warming

- poverty

- war

- lack of land

- species becoming extinct

- less jobs for Canadians

25

Advantages of a growing world population

- more doctors, nurses

- more jobs

- more development - housing, technology

- more consumerism and more money

- more teachers, schools and education

- better education system

- more food? (maybe)

- more attractions, more entertainment

26

Disadvantages of a growing world population

- overcrowding

- pollution

- global warming

- poverty

- war

- lack of land

- shortage of resources

- species becoming extinct

- increase in food and food prices

- strain in health care

- more housing - takes away farmland and forestry

27

What are the 4 stages of a population change?

The 4 stages of a population

Stage one : high birth rate, high death rate

Stage two : high birth rate, lowering death rate, rapidly increasing population

Stage three : birth rate lowers, population growth decreases

Stage four : low birth rate, low death rate

28

What are 3 types of indigenous people of Canada?

Metis

First Nations

Inuit

29

Where are the greatest concentrations of First Nations in Canada?

Why?

The west

Because when settlers came they settled in the east

30

What has caused a large increase in First Nations population in Canada?

Improved health care

31

What is a reserve?

A piece of land owned by the government, for the use and benefit of a band (community)

32

What is a treaty?

An agreement or arrangement made by negotiation

33

Why are treaties important to native people?

?

34

What is a population growth rate?

A) How quickly the worlds population is increasing or decreasing

B) How quickly a countries population is increasing or decreasing

C) How quickly a countries population is increasing

D) How quickly a countries population is decreasing

E) All of the above

Determines how quickly a countries population is increasing or decreasing

Can indicate whether a country will have a difficult time supporting its citizens

35

What is doubling time?

The amount of time it l would take for a country’s population to double at the countries current population growth rate

36

What is compounding?

How fast or slow a countries population is growing

37

Is Canada’s population seeing an aging population?

YES

38

What is the average age of a Canadian?

40 years

39

Why are we seeing an aging population problem in both Canada and the USA?

Lowering fertility rate with an increasing life expectancy

40

We are seeing the opposite of an aging population problem in developing countries.

Why do we see this problem in Nigeria, Africa?

Poverty

HIV/AIDS

41

Women are paid on an average less than males.

Possible reasons?

- types of jobs

- women as mothers

- bug paying companies run my mates

42

Canada has been called a _ _ _ whereas the USA is considered a _ _ _

Cultural mosaic

Melting pot

43

Why is it no longer true to say that Canada is an English French country?

There are so many immigrants that we can’t no longer just have French and English people. We have people of all ethnicities in Canada

44

What is a refugee?

A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape something (war, persecution, natural disasters)

45

What are push factors?

What are pull factors?

Push factors - reasons that cause people to leave their country (war, poor economic and educational opportunities)

Pull factors - factors that draw people to a country (relatives, close friends, climate, job opportunities, lower taxes)

46

What are immigrants?

What are emigrants?

Immigrants - coming into the country

Emigrants - going out of the country

47

Who were the first refugees to Canada? Why did they come?

Empire loyalists from USA

They cake to work on the railway system

48

Who can apply to be a Canadian citizen?

- age (18+)

- permanent resident status (3 years)

- language abilities (English or French)

- no criminal history

- knowledge of Canada (citizenship test)

49

Where do the most immigrants come from?

China

India

Philippines

50

What are economic immigrants?

(Skilled worker class, skilled trades class, Canadian experience class, start-up visa class)

Skilled worker class:
Point system for education, language, experience etc (engineers, doctors, nurses)

Skilled trade class:
Have a skill set needed in Canada (electricians, plumbers, loggers)

Canadian experience class:
Immigrants who worked under a temporary worker program for at least a year can apply

Start-up visa class:
People who want to start up a business in Canada (entrepreneurs)

51

What is a temporary foreign workers foreign program?

Canada can grant permits for a range of professionals to live and work in Canada

They can either apply for Canadian experience class status or do home after their contract ends

Controversial because given Canada’s high unemployment rate (6.2%)

52

What are family immigrants?

Intended to reunite family members must be sponsored for 3 to 10 years

Sponsor is financially obligated to support the immigrant

53

What are refugee immigrants?

Include immigrants who

- fear persecution in their home country related to race, religion, nationality, or political reasons, Canada is obligated under international law to accept legitimate refugees

54

Do you think Canada does enough to support immigrants?

Yes, there are many programs for immigrants to get settled with

There is not much racism, everyone is treated equally

55

Why was October 1999 a historic day?

Approximately the day the worlds population reached 6 billion

56

What 2 countries are experiencing the most rapid growth?

A) Australia and Africa

B) Asia and the Arctic

C) Africa and Asia

D) Australia and Asia

Africa and Asia

57

Why do women in developing countries such as those in Africa and Asia have more children then they actually want?

How can this problem be solved?

- men and their mothers are controlling

- they need a male child to take care of them when they’re seniors (since females are going to be married away)


We can solve it by

- empowering women

- changing their social situation

58

How are men and women treated differently in terms of education?

Men : Education is more valuable

Women : Place is in the home

59

Many believe that sex education for adolescents will lead to higher rate of sexual activity and pregnancy.

Do you agree or disagree?

Disagree

60

As America has become more developed and wealthy, do families have more or less children?

Less

61

China had implemented the one child policy since 1970.

Has the rule been successful?

Yes, it cut back overpopulation but there was a lot of backlash

1.3 billion in China, reduced possible 200-300 million

62

What are the top 3 most populated countries in the world?

China, India and the US

63

What does consumption mean?

The using of resources

64

How many earths would we need to support the worlds population in everyone consumed like the USA?

3 planets

65

What growth rate would be required to reduce the human population back down to 2-3 billion?

A) 1.3 babies

B) 1.5 babies

C) 1.7 babies

D) 2 babies

E) 2.3 babies

1.7 babies per couple

66

What is an example of a stable population?

A) China

B) Canada

C) Angola

D) Africa

E) All of the above

Canada

67

What is demography?

The study of human populations, including distribution, trends and issues

This is used to determine the human geography of Canada and other countries

68

Decreasing population advantages :

- less demand for land

- less pollution

- increased sustainability of resources

- fewer overpopulated cities

- more living space

- less job competition

- more manageable population

69

Decreasing population disadvantage:

- fewer doctors, nurses

- less specialized job market

- less development - housing, tech

- less consumption and less money

- less education

- vulnerable population - age, other counties perception

- raise in taxes