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AS/A2 Psychology - Approaches > Humanistic Psychology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Humanistic Psychology Deck (15):
1

What is the Humanistic Psychology?

- Subjectiveness/Capacity for self-determination

2

What is Free Will?

- Humans can make choices & not determined by biological/external forces

3

Humanistic Approach see humans as:

Self-Determining/Free Will

4

What are active agents?

Ability to determine own development. Considers internal/external forces.

5

Humanistic psychologists rejects/accepts

R: Scientific Principles of human behaviour
A: All humans unique - Study Subjectiveness

6

What is it called when studying uniqueness of humans?

Patient-Centred Approach

7

What is Self-Actualisation?

Tendency to grow psychologically & fulfills ones potential

8

Self-Actualisation is the..

Highest level on the hireachy of needs

9

How is SA achieved?

4 lower levels of hierarchy (‘deficiency needs’) must be met before working towards SA.

10

What is 'Self'?

Ideas/values characterised by 'I' & 'Me'

11

For personal growth:

- Self must have congruence with 'Ideal Self'

12

What if there is a big gap between self & ideal self?

- State of incongrugence
- SA not possible

13

The point of Client-CENTRED Therapy is...

- reduce gap between self/ideal self. Establish congruence.

14

- Conditions of worth

Issues in adulthood. originate during childhood - Lack of unconditional positive regard. Parents set conditions of worth - Psychological problems for child.

15

Counselling Psychology

Rogers Client centred therapy - Therapist - Provide genuinity, empathy, unconditional positive regard. Increase self-worth and reduce incongruence.