Flashcards in Hungary Deck (35):
The characteristic traditional Hungarian wine is white, or:
warmly gold, spicy, and rich. They're built to pair with meals cooke with more spice, pepper and fat.
Great varieties of Hungary include:
Furmint (firm structure, racy)
Hárslevelú (softer, more perfumed)
Leányka (aromatic and lively)
There's also Chardonnay, Pinot Gris (Szürkebarát), Sauvignon Blanc.
The Lake Balaton indigenous white is:
The most planted red in Hungary is ____ and it grows well in ____ and ____.
Kékfrankos (Blaufränkisch), grows well in Eger and Sopron.
Smack in the middle of Hungary, in the southern portion between the Danu and Tisza Rivers, is the ____ ____ and its soil is mostly _____. What are the 3 regions there?
Great Plain, mostly sandy.
The three regions are Hunság, Csongrád, and Hajós-Baja.
Bull's Blood is aka:
Egri Bikavér. It comes from Eger which is in the northeast of the country (just southwest of Tokaji).
an appellation north of Lake Balaton with volcanic soils.
Lake Balaton is the largest lake in Europe. True of False?
What are the soils around Lake Balaton?
Combination of sandy and volcanic, with basalt slopes.
Most wines from Lake Balaton are dry except in exceptional years when Botrytised Pinot Gris is made.
Lake Balaton is divided into 4 appellations:
Tokaji was the first wine knowingly to be made from Botrytised grapes - true or false?
Tokaji is in the ______ Mountain range.
Zemplén Mountain range.
What's the third grape used in Tokaji in small amounts?
Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains, locally known as Sárgamuskotály.
Tokaji became the world's first delimited wine region in:
1737, by royal decree.
What are the two famous great growths in Tokaji?
What are some famous first growths in Tokaji?
Hugh Johnson founded what in Tokaji?
Royal Tokaji, in Mád.
Tokaji is made in a two-stage process:
1. Shriveled Aszú grapes and unaffected grapes full of juice are picked at the same time but kept apart. The latter are pressed and fermented to make various styles of dry or semi-dry wine. The Aszú grapes are stored in an almost-dry heap, and a tiny fraction of syrupy, free-run juice is allowed to settle out of the aszú must—this will be vinified separately as Eszencia (up to 850g/L of sugar).
2. The Aszú is then trampled into a paste, or dough, and a number of puttony containing aszú paste is mixed with gönci barrels of must or base wine from non-aszú grapes. The number of puttony added to a gönc (a Hungarian oak cask of approximately 136 L) determines the final sweetness of the Tokaji Aszú wine, in a 1 kilo:1L ratio. Fermentation starts, controlled by sugar content and cellar temp.
The measure of sweetness is expressed as:
the number of 20-kilo puttonyos of Aszú added to 136L of base wine.
One gönci barrel is how many L?
6-puttonyos Aszú must have more than ____g/L sugar.
3-puttonyos is roughly the equivalent of German ____.
Auslese (at least 60g/L sugar).
4- and 5-puttonyos are approximately German _____.
Minimum aging for Aszú is ____.
3 years, two in barrel and one in bottle.
If no Aszú is added, the wine is called:
Szamorodni (literally, "as it comes"), suggesting the fruit was picked and crushed with the Botrytised berries.
Szamorodni are oxidative in style and are matured in cask for a minimum of two years—sometimes under a film-forming yeast similar to flor.
Szamorodni comes dry and fairly sweet - what are those called?
dry - száraz
fairly sweet - édes
Eszencia is so sweet it will hardly ferment at all. It also has the lowest alcohol of any wine. True or false?
Top Tokaji producers:
Tokaji is at the confluence of which rivers?
Tisza and Bodrog Rivers
Aszú grapes indicate the grapes are:
affected by Botrytis
Which mountain range shelters Tokaji?
The Carpathian Mountains.
What's the climate of Tokaji?
Soils in Tokaji are predominantly
Volcanic loess and clay.
How much do puttony hold?