Hydrocarbons Flashcards Preview

CHEMISTRY: organic chemistry > Hydrocarbons > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hydrocarbons Deck (12):
1

Define: hydrocarbon

Compounds containing only carbon and hydrogen atoms

2

3 types of hydrocarbons?

Alkanes, alkenes and alkynes

3

Define: alkane

Hydrocarbons containing only single carbon-carbon bonds.

4

What is the suffix of alkanes, and its formula?

ane; C(n)H(2n+2)

5

Define: saturated

A hydrocarbon with only single C-C bonds (alkanes)

6

Define: unsaturated

Hydrocarbons with unsingular (double etc) C-C bonds (alkenes, alkynes)

7

Dfine: alkene

Hydrocarbons containing atleast one carbon-carbon bonds

8

What is the suffix of alkenes, and its formula?

ene; C(n)H(2n)

9

Define: alkyne

Hydrocarbons containing atleast one triple carbon-carbon bond

10

What is the suffix of alkynes, and its formula?

yne; C(n)H(2n-2)

11

Can hydrocarbons also have cyclic structures - like pentose sugars?

Yeah

12

Define: structural isomers

Molecules with the same molecular formula but different arrangement of atoms (resulting in different physical properties)