Hydrocarbons, Functional Groups, Condensation And Hydrolysis Reactions Flashcards Preview

Gr 12 Biology > Hydrocarbons, Functional Groups, Condensation And Hydrolysis Reactions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hydrocarbons, Functional Groups, Condensation And Hydrolysis Reactions Deck (9):
1

Carbon can form ___ covalent bonds

4

2

Carbon is the backbone for a

Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids

3

Hydrocarbons are _______ and form _________ and __________

Non polar

Saturated and unsaturated fats

4

Functional groups are

Reactive cluster of atoms attached to carbon backbone of molecules

Usually ionic or strongly polar

5

What is the difference between Ethane and Ethanal, and which is functional?

Ethane: non functional, only carbons and hydrogen

Ethanal: functional, carbon, hydrogen, and a hydroxyl group (OH)

6

Name the functional groups and the bonds

Hydroxyl group: (OH)

Carbonyl group: (off an O2, double bonded carbon)

Carboxyl group: (COOH)

Amino group: (NH2)

Phosphate group: (PO4)

Sulfhydryl group: (SH) rubber

7

What is the purpose of functional groups

To bring together polar and non polar molecules

8

What is a condensation reaction?

2 functional groups coming together, creating covalent bonds

Removes H and OH to form H2O

9

What is a hydrolysis reaction?

“Breaks apart”

Separates subunits by adding water, releasing energy