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Flashcards in Hypertension 2 Deck (17)
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1

What does a no salt added diet do to your blood pressure?

It reduces BP by 2-4mmHg

2

Calcium, magnesium, potassium, or combination salts benefit BP. True or false?

False no evidence of BP benefit

3

Proporional risk reduction is (dependant/independant) of the absolute level of the risk factor

Independant

4

Everybody is hypertensive and dyslipidaemic. True or False?

True

5

Treatment with any commonly used regimen reduces the risk of total major cardiovascular events. True or false?

True

6

What things using controlled trials of antihypersensitive drugs benefits?

Constant across BP range
All age groups
Systolic and diastolic hypertension
All levels of CV risk

7

How much does BP go down for every kg lost?

1mmHg per Kg

8

What are the main benefits of antihypertensive therapy due to?

BP lowering

9

In newly diagnosed hypertension for a person under 55 how do you treat them?

ACE inhibitors
- if ineffective-
ACE inhibitors + Calcium channel blocker
or
ACE inhibitors + Diuretics
-If ineffective-
ACE inhibitors + Calcium channel Blockers + Diuretics

10

ABCD approach of treating

ACE inhibitors- under 55 unless fertile female
Beta blockers }
Calcium channel blockers } These are for 55 and
Diuretics } above or black any age

11

How do you treat newly diagnosed hypertension in a 55 or over person or a back person of any age?

Step 1 - Calcium channel blockers or Diuretics

Step 2- ACE inhibitors + Calcium channel blockers
or
ACE inhibitors + Diuretics

Step 3- ACE inhibitors + Calcium channel blockers +
Diuretics

12

B blockers should remain first choice in use of primary hypertension. True or False?

False. Not very effective

13

Why not use B blockers in hypertension?

Increased use of beta blockers can cause complicated hypertension with
- Arrythmias
- Coronary artery disease
-Increased sympathetic activity
- Congestive heart failure

14

Best bang for buck drugs in hypertension?

ACEIs then ARBs
Low dose no titration

15

Starting treatment with 2 drugs is always better than starting with one. True or false?

True

16

Which has fewer side affects mono therapy or combination therapy?

Combination therapy

17

Causes of resistant hypertension?

Non-concordance
'White coat' effect
Pseudo-hypertension
Lifestyle factors
Drug interactions
Secondary hypertension
True resistance