Hypertension Flashcards Preview

Internal Therapeutics 2 > Hypertension > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hypertension Deck (22):
0

normal BP:

140-90/60-90 mmHg

1

clinical feature:

asymptomatic in early stage, angry, irritable, red face, poor concentration, fatigue, HT/KID damage

2

etiology:

1) stress--->LIV Qi stg--->LIV yang raising
2) diet--->PH-D-->SP/ST xu
3) age--->KID xu--->LIV yang raising

3

stages:

1) BP > 140/90
2) 1)+ enlargement of L ventricle/enlarged artery or vein in retinal fundus/ protein in urine
3) 1)+ stroke from clots in brain/ HT failure/ KID failure/ occular blood vessel bursting

4

patterns:

1) LIV-fire flare up
2) LIV yang raising
3) retention of PH-D
4) yin/yang xu

5

basic points:

GB-20, LI-11, ST-36, LIV-3

6

main manifestations:

hypertension, fluctuation in early stage and consistence in middle/late stage, dizziness, headache, palpitations, insomnia

7

dizziness, blurred vision, tinnitus, restlessness, insomnia, dream-sleep, numb limbs, sore/weak lumbar/knees

LIV yang raising

8

LIV yang raising T/P

T= red
P=wiry, thready, rapid

9

chest tightness, fullness in epigastric region, palpitations, dizziness, nausea, vomit, numb limbs, clumsy movement

Retention of PH-D

10

Retention of PH-D T/P

T= thick sticky coat
P= wiry, slippery, soft

11

headache, restlessness, irritability, stiff neck, red face/eyes, thirsty, constipation

LIV fire flare up

12

LIV fire flare up T/P

T= red, yellow coat
P= wiry, strong, rapid

13

dizziness, SOB, tinnitus, listlessness, fatigue, withered complexion, numb limbs, weak lower limbs, freq. urination esp. at night

yin/yang xu

14

yin/yang xu T/P

T= pale
P= deep thready

15

St-40, PC-6

retention of PH-D

16

RN-6, RN-4 (moxa)

yin/yang xu

17

LIV-2, taiyang

LIV fire flare up

18

K-3, SP-6, HT-7

LIV yang raising

19

alternative remedies

1) auricular (subcortex, low BP, endocrine, shenmen)
2) bleed ear apex, HT, LIV yang
3) plumblossom (UB, scrum, ashi)
4) bleeding (DU-14, PC-3, UB-40, taiyang)
5) magnet (LI-11, PC-6, ST-36, LU-9)
6) herbs
7) moxa (ST-36, GB-31)

20

education:

1) reg. emotions/stress
2) avoid overstrain
3) reg. diet (meat, salt, greasy)
4) quit smoking/alcohol
5) reg. exercise

21

CAUTION

*avoid strong stimulation for patients with heart conditions