I mean. . . o, acids Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in I mean. . . o, acids Deck (14):
1

Derivatives of phenylalanine

Phenylalanine --> Tyrosine --> DOPA --> Dopamine --> NE --> Epinephrine

2

Derivatives of tryptophan

-B6--> Niacin --> NAD+/NADP+

-BH4--> Serotonin

3

Derivatives of histidine

-B6--> Histamine

4

Derivatives of glycine

-B6--> Porphyrin --> Heme

5

Derivatives of arginine

Creatine
Urea
Nitric Oxide

6

Derivatives of glutamate

-B6--> GABA

Glutathione

7

Derivatives of tyrosine

Thyroxine

Melanin

8

Name the ketogenic amino acids.

(converted to acetyl CoA or acetoacetate to produce fatty acids or ketone bodies)

Leucine
Lysine

9

Name the essential amino acids

PVT TIM HaLL

Phenylalanine
Valine
Threonine
Tryptophan
Isoleucine
Methionine
Histidine
Leucine
Lysine

10

Name the acidic amino acids

Aspartate & glutamic acid

(negatively charged @ body pH)

11

Name the basic amino acids

Arginine, lysine, histidine

(Histidine is uncharged @ body pH)

12

Which amino acids are found in histones?

Arginine & Histidine

13

Which amino acids are necessary for purine synthesis?

Glycine
Aspartate
Glutamine

14

Which amino acids are encoded by a single codon each?

Methionine (AUG) and tryptophan (UGG)