Surrender of Idaho driver's license
Any person whose Idaho driver's license shall have been suspended, canceled or revoked as provided in this chapter, or whose policy of insurance or bond, when required under this chapter, shall have been canceled or terminated, or who shall neglect to furnish other proof upon request of the department, shall immediately return his driver's license to the department. If any person shall fail to return to the department the driver's license as required, the department may direct any peace officer to secure its possession and return the driver's license to the department. At the end of the period of suspension, cancellation or revocation, the driver may apply for a duplicate driver's license, provided that the driver is eligible and has fulfilled all reinstatement requirements.
(1) Any person in whose name more than twenty-five (25) motor vehicles are registered and titled in Idaho, or engaged in the operation of a railroad, street railway system or public utility subject to the regulation of the public utilities commission irrespective of the number of vehicles registered, may qualify as a self-insurer by obtaining a certificate of self-insurance issued by the department.
(2) The department may, in its discretion, issue a certificate of self-insurance and certificate of liability insurance in a form as the department prescribes when the department is satisfied that the person is possessed and will continue to be possessed of ability to pay judgments obtained against that person upon application, and providing a statement by a certified public accountant attesting the applicant's net worth is five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000), a list of vehicles and an application fee of seventy dollars ($70.00) which shall be deposited in the state highway account.
(3) The self-insurer will be required to submit an annual financial statement showing net worth of five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000), a list of vehicles and a seventy dollar ($70.00) issue fee to be deposited in the state highway account.
(4) Upon not less than five (5) days' notice and a hearing pursuant to the notice, the department may upon reasonable grounds cancel a certificate of self-insurance. Failure to pay any judgment within thirty (30) days after a judgment shall have become final shall constitute a reasonable ground for the cancellation of a certificate of self-insurance.
Certificate or proof of liability insurance to be carried in motor vehicle
(1) A certificate or proof of liability insurance shall be in the possession of the operator of every motor vehicle or present in every motor vehicle at all times when the vehicle is operated within this state. The certificate or proof of liability insurance shall be provided for inspection to any peace officer upon request to the operator of any motor vehicle. No person shall be convicted of violating this section if that person produces at any time prior to conviction the certificate or proof of liability insurance covering the motor vehicle that person is accused of operating in violation of this section, where the certificate or proof of liability insurance demonstrates the existence of liability insurance described in section 49-1212, Idaho Code, which was in effect at the time of occurrence of the violation. The certificate or proof of liability insurance required by this section may be produced in either paper or electronic format. Acceptable electronic formats include display of electronic images on a cellular phone or any other type of portable electronic device.
(2) If the court has not ordered the department to suspend the driving privileges of any person convicted of a violation of the provisions of this section, the department may rescind the suspension action, only if the driver can prove by sufficient evidence that the legally required motor vehicle insurance or other required evidence of financial responsibility was in force and effect at the time of the issuance of the citation. No reinstatement fee will be assessed for rescinding the suspension action under this section.
(3) It is an infraction punishable by a fine of seventy-five dollars ($75.00) for any person to violate the provisions of this section for the first time. A second and any subsequent conviction for a violation of the provisions of this section or the provisions of section 49-1229 or 49-1428, Idaho Code, within five (5) years shall be a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six (6) months, or both. The department shall notify any person convicted of a violation of this section of the penalties which may be imposed for a second and any subsequent conviction.
Accidents involving damage to vehicle.
(1) The driver of any vehicle involved in an accident, either on public or private property open to the public, resulting only in damage to a vehicle which is driven or attended by any person shall immediately stop the vehicle at the scene of the accident, or as close as possible, and shall immediately return to, and in every event shall remain at, the scene of the accident until he has fulfilled the requirements of law.
(2) For any accident which occurs on a divided, controlled-access highway or interstate highway of the state highway system, a stop as required by subsection (1) of this section shall be made by moving the vehicle into a safe refuge on the shoulder, emergency lane or median whenever such moving of a vehicle may be done safely and the vehicle is capable of being normally and safely driven, does not require towing, and may be operated under its own power in its customary manner without further damage or hazard to itself, to the traffic elements or to the roadway.
(a) For any other highway, a stop as required by subsection (1) of this section shall be made without obstructing traffic more than is necessary.
(b) The driver or any other person who has removed a motor vehicle from the main-traveled part of the road as provided in this subsection before the arrival of a law enforcement officer shall not be considered liable or at fault regarding the cause of the accident solely by reason of moving the vehicle pursuant to this subsection.
(3) Any person failing to stop or to comply with the requirements under these circumstances shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Duty to give information in accident involving damage to a vehicle.
(1) The driver of any vehicle involved in an accident resulting in damage to any vehicle which is driven or attended by any person shall, at the scene of the accident, give his name, address and, if available, at the scene of the accident, he shall exhibit his driver's license, proof of registration and certificate or proof of liability insurance to the person struck or to the driver or person attending any vehicle collided with.
(2) If a police officer is present, that officer shall make all reasonable efforts to facilitate the exchange of the required information provided by subsection (1) of this section between the parties involved.
(3) Any person who willfully fails to provide the information required to be given by subsection (1) of this section or who knowingly provides false information of the type required by this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Duty upon striking unattended vehicle.
The driver of any vehicle which collides with any unattended vehicle shall immediately stop, and then and there either locate and notify the operator or owner of the vehicle of the name and address of the driver and owner of the vehicle striking the unattended vehicle, or shall leave in a conspicuous place in or on the vehicle struck a written notice giving the name and address of the driver and of the owner of the vehicle doing the striking, along with a statement of the circumstances.
Duty upon striking fixtures upon or adjacent to a highway
The driver of any vehicle involved in an accident resulting in damage to fixtures or other property legally upon or adjacent to a highway shall take reasonable steps to locate and notify the owner or person in charge of the property of the fact, of his name and address, the name of his insurance agent or company if he has automobile liability insurance, the motor vehicle registration number of the vehicle he is driving, and upon request and if available exhibit his driver's license.
Immediate notice of accidents
(1) The driver of a vehicle involved in an accident resulting in injury to or death of any person, or damage to the property of any one (1) person in excess of one thousand five hundred dollars ($1,500) shall immediately, by the quickest means of communication, give notice of the accident to the local police department if the accident occurs within a city, otherwise to the office of the county sheriff or the nearest office of the state police.
(2) Whenever the driver of a vehicle is physically incapable of giving immediate notice of an accident as required herein, and there was another occupant in the vehicle at the time of the accident capable of doing so, the occupant shall give or cause to be given the notice not given by the driver.
Accident report forms
(1) The department shall prepare and upon request supply to police departments, coroners, sheriffs, garages, and other suitable agencies or individuals, forms for written accident reports required by this chapter, appropriate with respect to the persons required to make those reports and the purposes to be served. Written reports shall call for sufficiently detailed information to disclose with reference to a traffic accident the cause, conditions then existing, and the persons and vehicles involved.
(2) Every accident report required to be made in writing shall be made on the appropriate form approved by the department, and shall contain all of the information required on the form unless not available.
Filing false accident reports
It is unlawful for any person to file an accident report knowing the same to be false.
(1) Any person who drives or is in actual physical control of any vehicle upon a highway, or upon public or private property open to public use, carelessly and heedlessly or without due caution and circumspection, and at a speed or in a manner as to endanger or be likely to endanger any person or property, or who passes when there is a line in his lane indicating a sight distance restriction, shall be guilty of reckless driving.
(3) Inattentive driving shall be considered a lesser offense than reckless driving and shall be applicable in those circumstances where the conduct of the operator has been inattentive, careless or imprudent, in light of the circumstances then existing, rather than heedless or wanton, or in those cases where the danger to persons or property by the motor vehicle operator's conduct is slight. Every person convicted of inattentive driving under this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Parties to a crime
Every person who commits, attempts to commit, conspires to commit, or aids or abets in the commission of any act declared to be a crime, whether individually or in connection with one or more other persons or as a principal, agent, or accessory, shall be guilty of that offense, and every person who falsely, fraudulently, forcibly, or willfully induces, causes, coerces, requires, permits, or directs another to violate any provision of this title is likewise guilty of that offense.
Fleeing or attempting to elude a peace officer
(1) Any driver of a motor vehicle who wilfully flees or attempts to elude a pursuing police vehicle when given a visual or audible signal to bring the vehicle to a stop, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. The signal given by a peace officer may be by emergency lights or siren. The signal given by a peace officer by emergency lights or siren need not conform to the standards for decibel ratings or light visibility specified in section 49-623(3), Idaho Code. It is sufficient proof that a reasonable person knew or should have known that the visual or audible signal given by a peace officer was intended to bring the pursued vehicle to a stop.
(2) An operator who violates the provisions of subsection (1) and while so doing:
(a) Travels in excess of thirty (30) miles per hour above the posted speed limit;
(b) Causes damage to the property of another or bodily injury to another;
(c) Drives his vehicle in a manner as to endanger or likely to endanger the property of another or the person of another; or
(d) Leaves the state;
is guilty of a felony.
(3) The department shall suspend the driver's license or privileges of a person who has pled guilty or is found guilty of a misdemeanor violation of the provisions of this section, for a minimum of one (1) year, which may extend to three (3) years, at the discretion of the court, during which time he shall have absolutely no driving privileges of any kind.
Obedience to traffic direction.
No person shall willfully fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order or direction of any peace officer, fireman or uniformed adult school crossing guard invested by law with authority to direct, control or regulate traffic.
Overtaking and passing school bus
(1) The driver of a vehicle meeting or overtaking from either direction any school bus stopped on the highway shall stop before reaching the school bus when there is in operation on a school bus the visual signals specified in section 49-915, Idaho Code, and the driver of a vehicle shall not proceed until the school bus resumes motion or the visual signals are no longer actuated. Oncoming traffic on a highway of more than three (3) lanes is not required to stop upon meeting a school bus when visual signals are actuated. Any person found guilty of violating the provisions of this subsection shall be fined an amount of not less than one hundred dollars ($100) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500).
(2) Every school bus shall be equipped with visual signals meeting the requirements of section 49-915, Idaho Code, which shall be actuated by the driver of the school bus whenever, but only whenever the vehicle is stopped on the highway for the purpose of receiving or discharging school children. A school bus driver shall not actuate the special visual signals:
(a) In business districts designated by the department or local authorities; or
(b) At intersections or other places where traffic is controlled by traffic control signals or peace officers; or
(c) In designated school bus loading areas where the bus is entirely off the roadway.
(3) Every school bus shall bear upon the front and rear plainly visible signs containing the words "SCHOOL BUS" in letters not less than eight (8) inches in height. When a school bus is being operated upon a highway for purposes other than the actual transportation of children either to or from school all markings thereon indicating "school bus" shall be covered or concealed.
(4) When any school bus is sold and is no longer to be used for the transportation of pupils, before it may again be used on the highways of this state it shall be painted a color other than school bus chrome and all school bus markings shall be obliterated.
Racing on public highways.
(1) No person shall drive any vehicle in any race, speed competition or contest, drag race or acceleration contest, test of physical endurance, exhibition of speed or acceleration, or for the purpose of making a speed record, and no person shall in any manner participate in any race, competition, contest, test or exhibition.
(2) The provisions of this section shall not prohibit the use of the highways for organized motoring activities where speed or acceleration is not the objective of the contest but rather the prime objective is the precise measurement of time and distance within the posted legal speed limits.
(3) The provisions of this section shall not prohibit organized motoring activities upon the highways where speed is a primary objective of the contest when prior written permission is obtained from the authority having jurisdiction over the area to be used, and prior notification is given to law enforcement agencies in the area to be used.
Pedestrians under influence of alcohol or drugs
A pedestrian who is under the influence of alcohol or any drug to a degree which renders him a hazard shall not walk or be upon a highway except on a sidewalk.
Dealer License Plates
(1) Any dealer or manufacturer license plate issued may, during the calendar year for which issued, be transferred from one (1) vehicle to another owned or operated by such manufacturer or dealer, in pursuance of his business as a manufacturer or dealer.
(3) A dealer plate may be used on a vehicle assigned for personal use on a full-time basis to the dealer, or licensed full-time vehicle salesman. This personal use exception applies only to the manufacturer, dealer, or licensed full-time vehicle salesman personally, and any other persons, including members of their families, are excluded. A prospective purchaser of a vehicle may have possession of the vehicle with a dealer plate for not more than ninety-six (96) hours or may operate the vehicle when accompanied by the manufacturer, dealer or a licensed vehicle salesman.
Vehicle Abandonment prohibited
(1) No person shall abandon a vehicle upon any highway.
(2) No person shall abandon a vehicle upon public or private property without the express or implied consent of the owner or person in lawful possession or control of the property.
Vehicle Abandonment Pressumptions
(1) The abandonment of any vehicle shall create a prima facie presumption that the last registered owner of record is responsible for the abandonment and is thereby liable for the costs incurred in the removal, storage and disposition of the vehicle, less any amount received from the disposition of the vehicle.
(2) The owner of any vehicle removed under extraordinary circumstances, or under the authority of section 49-662, Idaho Code, is presumed responsible for the vehicle and is thereby liable for the costs incurred in the removal, storage and disposition of the vehicle, less any amounts received from the disposition of the vehicle.
(3) If a vehicle is found abandoned or under extraordinary circumstances and is removed at the direction of any authorized officer, and is not redeemed by the owner or lienholder within seven (7) days of the tow, the last registered owner of record is guilty of a traffic infraction, unless the owner has filed a release of liability with the department according to section 49-526, Idaho Code, in which case the transferee shown on the release of liability shall be guilty of a traffic infraction.
Removal of stolen vehicle
(1) Any authorized officer, upon discovery of a vehicle reported as stolen and not recovered, may take the vehicle into custody and cause it to be taken to and stored in a suitable place, or may cause the vehicle to be placed in the custody of a tow truck operator, all expenses of towing and storage to be those of the vehicle owner unless otherwise determined according to the provisions of section 49-1805(5), Idaho Code.
(2) Within forty-eight (48) hours, excluding weekends and holidays, of the time that the vehicle is taken into custody and is stored pursuant to this chapter, the agency of which the officer is an agent shall give written notice by certified mail to the registered and legal owners of the vehicle, if known. The notice shall state:
(a) That the vehicle has been taken into custody and stored; and
(b) The location of storage of the vehicle.
Removal of abandoned vehicles by authorized officer
Any authorized officer within the jurisdiction in which a vehicle is located, who has reasonable grounds to believe that the vehicle has been abandoned, may remove the vehicle from a highway or from public or private property to a garage or nearest place of safety.
Upon discovery of an abandoned vehicle which is not within the class of vehicles defined under "extraordinary circumstances," an authorized officer shall attach on the vehicle, in plain view, a notice that this vehicle will be towed away at the expiration of forty-eight (48) hours as an abandoned vehicle. The notice shall contain the name of the officer who prepared the notice; the name of the agency employing the officer; the time and date of attaching the notice; the time and date after which the vehicle will be removed; the telephone number and address of the agency where further information can be obtained. A reasonable attempt shall be made to notify by telephone the owner of any vehicle which has current license plates and registration as shown on the records of the department, prior to the expiration of the forty-eight (48) hour notice period, of the location of the vehicle and the time and date of intent to remove the vehicle. The inability of an officer to notify the owner shall not preclude the removal of the vehicle at the expiration of the forty-eight (48) hour period.
Any vehicle which does not have current or any license plate attached may be immediately removed to a safe place of storage.
Vehicle Post-storage hearing
(1) Whenever an authorized officer directs the towing or storage of a vehicle, except vehicles impounded for investigation pursuant to section 49-1803, Idaho Code, the agency directing or authorizing towing or storage shall provide the vehicle's registered and legal owners of record, or their agents, with the opportunity for a post-storage hearing to determine the validity of the storage.
(2) A notice of the storage shall be sent by certified mail to the registered and legal owners within forty-eight (48) hours, excluding the weekends and holidays, and shall include the following information:
(a) The name, address, and telephone number of the agency providing the notice;
(b) The location of the place of storage and description of the vehicle which shall include, if available, the name or make, identification number, the license plate number, and the mileage;
(c) The authority and purpose for the removal of the vehicle; and
(d) In order to receive a post-storage hearing, the owners, or their agents, must request the hearing in writing within ten (10) days of the date of the notice. Any such hearing shall be conducted within forty-eight (48) hours of the request, excluding weekends and holidays. The public agency may authorize its own officer or employee to conduct the hearing, so long as the hearing officer is not the same person who directed the storage of the vehicle.
(3) Failure of either the registered or legal owner, or his agent, to request or to attend a scheduled hearing shall satisfy the post-storage hearing requirement as to that person.
(4) The provisions of this section shall not apply to vehicles removed from private property pursuant to section 49-1806(1), Idaho Code.
(5) The agency employing the person who directed the storage shall be responsible for the costs incurred for towing and storage if it is determined in the hearing that probable cause for the storage cannot be established.
Claiming of vehicles
(1) The owner of any vehicle removed under the provisions of this chapter except those vehicles impounded for investigation or suspected stolen, may take possession of the vehicle at any time prior to sale by proving ownership and paying the costs relative to towing and storing the vehicle and costs of advertising except as otherwise provided in section 49-1805, Idaho Code.
(2) A lienholder of any vehicle removed under the provisions of this chapter except those vehicles impounded for investigation or suspected stolen, may take possession of the vehicle at any time prior to the sale by proving the presence of the lien and by paying the costs relative to towing and storing the vehicle and costs of advertising. The lienholder may also take possession of the vehicle by purchasing the vehicle at the sale. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to abate any cause of action that a lienholder has against the owner of an abandoned vehicle.
Authority to restrict pedestrian crossings
Local authorities by ordinance and the department by erecting appropriate traffic-control devices, are hereby empowered within their respective jurisdictions to prohibit pedestrians from crossing any highway except in a crosswalk.
Disposition of low-valued vehicles
(1) If the vehicle is appraised at a value not exceeding seven hundred fifty dollars ($750), the provisions of sections 49-1809 through 49-1811, Idaho Code, shall not apply, and the person or public agency which removed the vehicle shall:
(a) Prepare a certificate containing a description of the vehicle stating the appraised value of the vehicle and indicating one (1) of the following:
1. The agency which requested the tow has submitted a certified statement that a declaration of opposition has not been received.
2. The registered and legal owners have signed a certified release disclaiming any interest, which release shall be included with the certificate.
3. The vehicle is in a condition that vehicle identification numbers are not available to determine owners of record.
(b) Upon completion of the certificate, execute and deliver a bill of sale, together with a copy of the certificate, to the possessory lienholder, who shall endorse the bill of sale to an automobile parts dealer or to a scrap processor for disposal.
Handicapped Parking Violation
(2) Parking a vehicle or the standing of a vehicle in a space reserved for a person with a disability is prohibited, unless a vehicle is momentarily in the space for the purpose of allowing a person with a disability to enter or leave the vehicle, or unless special license plates or placard or temporary placard for a person with a disability is displayed on the vehicle. It is prohibited for any person to park a motor vehicle in a properly marked access aisle in a manner which prevents or reasonably could restrict a person with a disability from entering or exiting their vehicle or in such manner as it would block access to a curb cut or ramp.
Operating vehicle without owner's consent
Any person who shall operate a vehicle, not his own, without the consent of the owner, and with intent temporarily to deprive the owner of his possession of such vehicle, without intent to steal the vehicle, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, unless the damages or the value of property taken from the vehicle, or a combination exceeds one thousand dollars ($1,000), felony. The consent of the owner of a vehicle to its taking or operating shall not in any case be presumed or implied because of such owner's consent on a previous occasion to the taking or operating of the vehicle by the same or a different person. Any person who assists in, or is a party or accessory to or an accomplice in any unauthorized taking or operation shall also be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Tampering with vehicle
Any person who shall without the consent of the owner or person in charge of a vehicle climb into or upon such vehicle with the intent to commit any crime, malicious mischief, or injury, or who while a vehicle is at rest and unattended shall attempt to manipulate any of the levers, starting crank or other starting device, brakes or other mechanism, or to set the vehicle in motion, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, except that the foregoing provisions shall not apply when the act is done in an emergency in furtherance of public safety or convenience or by or under the direction of an officer in the regulation of traffic or performance of any other official duty.
Failure to Purchase Licenses for Drivers
(1) No person, except those expressly exempted by the provisions of this chapter, shall drive any motor vehicle upon a highway unless the person has a current and valid Idaho driver's license.