Flashcards in Identification Deck (92):
Pressure embalming machine
A motorized injector used to create positive pressure as required in vascular embalming
Apparatus used to inject arterial fluid during the vascular phase of the embalming process. Relies on gravity to create the pressure required to deliver the fluid.
With the gravity injector _____ pounds of pressure is injected for every _____ foot of elevation.
.43 (.434) , one
Apparatus that is connected to the water supply. When water is turned on, a suction is developed and used to aspirate contents of the body cavities.
Historical equipment resembling a large hypodermic syringe attached to a bottle apparatus; used to create either pressure for injection or vacuum for aspiration.
Self contained, soft rubber manual pump designed to create pressure to deliver fluid as it passes through one way valves located within the bulb. It is used only to deliver fluids; cannot be used for aspiration
Preparation room equipment which is designed to eliminate the physical strain of moving caskets and bodies by hand
Electrically heated blade which may be used to dry moist tissue, reduce swollen tissue and restore contour
Apparatus used for sterilization by steam pressure, usually at 250F/120C for a specific time
Instruments are soaked in a chemical solution
Used to dry the hair of the deceased and is made specifically for mortuary use.
Water cannot penetrate.
Examples: plastic head rests, shoulder rests, foot rests, etc.
Preparation room equipment on which human remains are placed for the embalming procedure
OSHA required emergency safety device providing a steady stream of water for flushing the eye
Eye wash equipment is often paired with
The quick drench shower
Quick drench shower
OSHA required safety device for a release of a copious amount of water in a short time
Preparation room equipment which is specifically designed for the dressing of the deceased.
For mortuary purposes; will seldom contain more than four bodies
Bodies should be embalmed/refrigerated within _____hours of death
Refrigeration units should be ____degrees at the warmest for embalming and ____ degrees at the warmest for cremation
OSHA required receptacle for proper disposal of sharps
Bio-Hazardous waste container
OSHA required; large cardboard container, usually on wheels, lined with heavy duty red hazardous waste bag that is leak proof
Must be OSHA approved; in the future, E.P.A. approved.
Requires a back flow valve
Biological agent or condition that constitutes a hazard to humans
Personal Protective Equipment
Items of protection worn to minimize exposure to hazards
Must be OSHA approved
Approximately 12-20 air exchanges per hour
-embalmer's shoe covers
-embalmer's impermeable apron
-embalmer's head cover
-embalmer's face shield
-embalming formaldehyde respirator
Three types of disinfection
Occurs before the embalming process starts
Terminal disinfection (5 phases)
4) embalming room
5) the embalmer
Terminal disinfection for the embalmer ( 5 phases)
1) meticulous hand washing
2) clean fingernails
3) thorough washing / showering
4) oral/nasal cavities?
5) wash/shampoo hair
Tube used to inject embalming fluid into the blood vascular system
Can be straight or curved
Three types of arterial tubes
2) slip type
3) lure lock
Arterial fixation forceps
Purpose is to hold arterial tubes in the arteries
AKA: 2 hole or 3 hole clamp
Used for blunt dissection and raising vessels
Used to maintain the elevation of the vessels above the surface of the skin
Used for blunt dissection and raising vessels. Has an eye in the hook portion for placing ligatures around the vessels
Tubular instrument of varying diameter and shape, preferably with a plunger that is inserted into a vein to aid in drainage of blood and to restrict the exit of vascular embalming fluid.
Instrument used to guide vein tubes into vessels
Nasal tube aspirator
Used to aspirate the throat by means of the nostrils
Hemostasis AKA lock forceps
Used to clamp vessels
Used to hold suturing needles and keep them in good condition or to hold suturing needle while suturing.
Hypodermic syringe and needle
Used to inject embalming chemicals and tissue builder into the body tissues
Mechanical device used to impel specially designed metal pins into bone
Used to shave both male and female cases
Scissors (artery and vein)
Used for cutting arteries and veins to enable insertion of arterial tubes into the arteries and drainage tubes into the veins
Three types of scissors (artery and vein)
3) bandage (safest)
Primarily used to spread incisions and afford more working room. Can also be used as an aid in eye clamp insertion.
A multi-purpose embalming instrument commonly used for hiding cotton swabs, wiping out and disinfecting the eyes, restoration treatment and closing the eyes.
Usually a two-piece, sometimes one-piece embalming instrument consisting of a handle and a blade used to make incisions and excisions.
Commonly used on arterial tubes to stop the flow of fluid.
Used to close cuts and incisions by suturing with ligature
Three suture needle designs
1) S-shape (safest)
2) Half Moon (neatest)
Trocar button applicator
Used to insert Trocar buttons into Trocar punctures created when the Trocar is inserted into the body.
Clip device used to hold a towel in place for cosmetic application usually positioned around the neck
Allows the removal of blood from the body Without using the conventional drain tube
Sharply pointed surgical instrument used in cavity embalming to aspirate the cavities and inject cavity fluid. May be used for supplemental hypodermic embalming.
Relatively easy to insert into the vein. The center opens the vein and the opposite end allows for a tube to be connected which allows bodily fluids to be directed away from the operator and down the drain.
Connected to a bottle of cavity fluid to aid in injecting the cavity fluid into the various body cavities.
DISINFECTANT- an agent, usually chemical, applied to inanimate objects/surfaces to destroy disease causing microbial agents, but usually not bacterial spores.
Examples of disinfectant chemicals
Preservative embalming chemicals
Two types of powders:
1) hardening powder
2) preservative powder
Chemical in powder form. Typically used for surface embalming of the remains.
Chemical in power form that has the ability to absorb and to disinfect. Often used in cavity treatment of autopsied cases
External and internal
Unstable salt usually produced in an aqueous solution and used as a bleaching and disinfecting agent
HCHO and bleach forms
Bischloromethyl gas or BCME
Carcinogen potentially produced when formaldehyde and sodium hypochlorite come into contact with each other; normally occurs only in a controlled laboratory setting and requires a catalyst
Soapworks by the scrubbing action,
scrubbing action damages the bacterial cell membrane wall
A liquid holding another substance in solution
What is the universal solvent?
Thin plastic dome shaped disk used to restore Contor just beneath the eyelids and aide in eye closure
Three types of cotton:
-cotton balls (moisture absorbing)
-batting cotton ( NON moisture absorbing)
-web roll (rolled, moisture absorbing)
A plastic threaded screw-like device for sealing punctures and small round trocar openings. Quality varies along with price
Clear plastic or rubber; must be temperature sensitive; must be OSHA approved
A device used in the mouth in shaping the contour of the lips
Used to prevent leakage and or containing preservative embalming chemicals such as preservative powders and or hardening compound
Plastic garment designed to cover the entire body from the neck down to and including the feet
Plastic garment which fits tightly around the waist and thighs of the deceased to guard against leakage and avoid stains and odors
Plastic garment designed to cover the body from the chest down to the upper thigh
A plastic or rubber garment which covers the arm to the area of the wrist to guard or protect against leakage
Plastic protective garment designed to cover the legs, buttocks and abdomen. A combination of pants and stockings
Preparation room item used with suturing needles to suture cuts and incisions
Thread, cord, or wire used for tying the vessels, tissues, or bones
To tie off an artery and vein upon embalming
Lip and Eye cement
Preparation room materials used on cases where the lips and or eyelids are difficult to close properly
Used in mouth closure. It is inserted into a needle injector and forced into the mandible and maxilla
Liquid or aerosol spray
Reason to use:
- Close needle holes
-on top of incisions to prevent leaks
A device that uses a motor to create a suction for the purpose of aspiration
Coveralls for the deceased are ______, But for us they are______