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Embalming > Identification > Flashcards

Flashcards in Identification Deck (92):
1

Pressure embalming machine

Equipment.
A motorized injector used to create positive pressure as required in vascular embalming

2

Gravity injector

Equipment.
Apparatus used to inject arterial fluid during the vascular phase of the embalming process. Relies on gravity to create the pressure required to deliver the fluid.

3

With the gravity injector _____ pounds of pressure is injected for every _____ foot of elevation.

.43 (.434) , one

4

Hydroaspirator

Equipment.
Apparatus that is connected to the water supply. When water is turned on, a suction is developed and used to aspirate contents of the body cavities.

5

Hand pump

Equipment.
Historical equipment resembling a large hypodermic syringe attached to a bottle apparatus; used to create either pressure for injection or vacuum for aspiration.

6

Bulb syringe

Equipment.
Self contained, soft rubber manual pump designed to create pressure to deliver fluid as it passes through one way valves located within the bulb. It is used only to deliver fluids; cannot be used for aspiration

7

Body lift

Equipment
Preparation room equipment which is designed to eliminate the physical strain of moving caskets and bodies by hand

8

Electric spatula

Equipment.
Electrically heated blade which may be used to dry moist tissue, reduce swollen tissue and restore contour

9

Sterilizer-autoclave

Equipment
Apparatus used for sterilization by steam pressure, usually at 250F/120C for a specific time

10

Autoclave chemicals

Supply.
Instruments are soaked in a chemical solution

11

Hair dryer

Equipment
Used to dry the hair of the deceased and is made specifically for mortuary use.

12

Impermeable devices

Equipment
Water cannot penetrate.
Examples: plastic head rests, shoulder rests, foot rests, etc.

13

Embalming table

Equipment
Preparation room equipment on which human remains are placed for the embalming procedure

14

Eyewash equipment

Equipment
OSHA required emergency safety device providing a steady stream of water for flushing the eye

15

Eye wash equipment is often paired with

The quick drench shower

16

Quick drench shower

Equipment
OSHA required safety device for a release of a copious amount of water in a short time

17

Dressing table

Equipment
Preparation room equipment which is specifically designed for the dressing of the deceased.

18

Refrigeration units

Equipment
For mortuary purposes; will seldom contain more than four bodies

19

Bodies should be embalmed/refrigerated within _____hours of death

48 hrs

20

Refrigeration units should be ____degrees at the warmest for embalming and ____ degrees at the warmest for cremation

44
40

21

Sharps container

Equipment
OSHA required receptacle for proper disposal of sharps

22

Bio-Hazardous waste container

Equipment.
OSHA required; large cardboard container, usually on wheels, lined with heavy duty red hazardous waste bag that is leak proof

23

Specialized plumbing

Equipment.
Must be OSHA approved; in the future, E.P.A. approved.
Requires a back flow valve

24

Biohazard

Biological agent or condition that constitutes a hazard to humans

25

Personal Protective Equipment
AKA: P.P.E.

Equipment.
Items of protection worn to minimize exposure to hazards

26

Exhaust system

Equipment.
Must be OSHA approved
Approximately 12-20 air exchanges per hour

27

Embalmer's equipment

-embalmer's gown
-embalmer's shoe covers
-embalmer's mask
-embalmer's goggles
-embalmer's impermeable apron
-embalmer's head cover
-embalmer's face shield
-embalmer's coveralls
-embalming formaldehyde respirator

28

Three types of disinfection

1) primary
2) concurrent
3) terminal

29

Primary disinfection

Occurs before the embalming process starts

30

Terminal disinfection (5 phases)

Includes:
1) deceased
2) equipment
3) instruments
4) embalming room
5) the embalmer

31

Terminal disinfection for the embalmer ( 5 phases)

Includes:
1) meticulous hand washing
2) clean fingernails
3) thorough washing / showering
4) oral/nasal cavities?
5) wash/shampoo hair

32

Arterial tube

Instrument
Tube used to inject embalming fluid into the blood vascular system
Can be straight or curved

33

Three types of arterial tubes

1) threaded
2) slip type
3) lure lock

34

Arterial fixation forceps

Instrument
Purpose is to hold arterial tubes in the arteries
AKA: 2 hole or 3 hole clamp

35

Aneurism hook

Instrument
Used for blunt dissection and raising vessels
Various designs

36

Bone separator

Instrument
Used to maintain the elevation of the vessels above the surface of the skin

37

Aneurysm needle

Instrument
Used for blunt dissection and raising vessels. Has an eye in the hook portion for placing ligatures around the vessels

38

Drainage tube

Instrument
Tubular instrument of varying diameter and shape, preferably with a plunger that is inserted into a vein to aid in drainage of blood and to restrict the exit of vascular embalming fluid.

39

Groove director

Instrument used to guide vein tubes into vessels

40

Nasal tube aspirator

Instrument
Used to aspirate the throat by means of the nostrils

41

Hemostasis AKA lock forceps

Instrument
Used to clamp vessels

42

Needle holder

Instrument
Used to hold suturing needles and keep them in good condition or to hold suturing needle while suturing.

43

Hypodermic syringe and needle

Instrument
Used to inject embalming chemicals and tissue builder into the body tissues

44

Needle injector

Instrument
Mechanical device used to impel specially designed metal pins into bone

45

Razor

Instrument
Used to shave both male and female cases

46

Scissors (artery and vein)

Instrument
Used for cutting arteries and veins to enable insertion of arterial tubes into the arteries and drainage tubes into the veins

47

Three types of scissors (artery and vein)

1) straight
2) curved
3) bandage (safest)

48

Retractor

Instrument
Primarily used to spread incisions and afford more working room. Can also be used as an aid in eye clamp insertion.

49

Spring forceps

Instrument
A multi-purpose embalming instrument commonly used for hiding cotton swabs, wiping out and disinfecting the eyes, restoration treatment and closing the eyes.

50

Scalpel

Instrument
Usually a two-piece, sometimes one-piece embalming instrument consisting of a handle and a blade used to make incisions and excisions.

51

Stop cocks

Instrument
Commonly used on arterial tubes to stop the flow of fluid.

52

Suture needle

Instrument
Used to close cuts and incisions by suturing with ligature

53

Three suture needle designs

1) S-shape (safest)
2) Half Moon (neatest)
3) J-shape

54

Trocar button applicator

Instrument
Used to insert Trocar buttons into Trocar punctures created when the Trocar is inserted into the body.

55

Towel clamps

Instrument
Clip device used to hold a towel in place for cosmetic application usually positioned around the neck

56

Drainage forceps

Instrument
Allows the removal of blood from the body Without using the conventional drain tube

57

Trocar

Instrument
Sharply pointed surgical instrument used in cavity embalming to aspirate the cavities and inject cavity fluid. May be used for supplemental hypodermic embalming.

58

Vein expander

Instrument
Relatively easy to insert into the vein. The center opens the vein and the opposite end allows for a tube to be connected which allows bodily fluids to be directed away from the operator and down the drain.

59

Cavity injector

Instrument
Connected to a bottle of cavity fluid to aid in injecting the cavity fluid into the various body cavities.

60

Disinfectant chemicals

Supply
DISINFECTANT- an agent, usually chemical, applied to inanimate objects/surfaces to destroy disease causing microbial agents, but usually not bacterial spores.

61

Examples of disinfectant chemicals

-ethanol
-formaldehyde
-iodophors
-phenol

62

Preservative embalming chemicals

Supply
Two types of powders:
1) hardening powder
2) preservative powder

63

Preservative powder

Chemical in powder form. Typically used for surface embalming of the remains.

64

Hardening powder

Chemical in power form that has the ability to absorb and to disinfect. Often used in cavity treatment of autopsied cases

65

Sealing agents

Supply
External and internal
-incision sealers
-incision putty

66

Sodium hypochlorite
AKA bleach

Supply
Unstable salt usually produced in an aqueous solution and used as a bleaching and disinfecting agent

67

HCHO and bleach forms

Bischloromethyl gas or BCME

68

Bischloromethyl
AKA-BCME

Carcinogen potentially produced when formaldehyde and sodium hypochlorite come into contact with each other; normally occurs only in a controlled laboratory setting and requires a catalyst

69

Disinfectant soap

Supply
Soapworks by the scrubbing action,
scrubbing action damages the bacterial cell membrane wall

70

Solvents

A liquid holding another substance in solution

71

What is the universal solvent?

Water

72

Eye caps

Supply
Thin plastic dome shaped disk used to restore Contor just beneath the eyelids and aide in eye closure

73

Cotton

Supply
Three types of cotton:
-cotton balls (moisture absorbing)
-batting cotton ( NON moisture absorbing)
-web roll (rolled, moisture absorbing)

74

Trocar buttons

Supply
A plastic threaded screw-like device for sealing punctures and small round trocar openings. Quality varies along with price

75

Tubing

Supply
Clear plastic or rubber; must be temperature sensitive; must be OSHA approved

76

Mouth formers

A device used in the mouth in shaping the contour of the lips

77

Plastic goods

Supply
Used to prevent leakage and or containing preservative embalming chemicals such as preservative powders and or hardening compound

78

Unionall

Supply
Plastic garment designed to cover the entire body from the neck down to and including the feet

79

Pants

Supply
Plastic garment which fits tightly around the waist and thighs of the deceased to guard against leakage and avoid stains and odors

80

Coverall

Plastic garment designed to cover the body from the chest down to the upper thigh

81

Sleeves

Supply
A plastic or rubber garment which covers the arm to the area of the wrist to guard or protect against leakage

82

Capri garment/pants

Supply
Plastic protective garment designed to cover the legs, buttocks and abdomen. A combination of pants and stockings

83

Thread

Supply

84

Suture

Preparation room item used with suturing needles to suture cuts and incisions

85

Ligature

Thread, cord, or wire used for tying the vessels, tissues, or bones

86

Ligate

To tie off an artery and vein upon embalming

87

Lip and Eye cement

Supply
Preparation room materials used on cases where the lips and or eyelids are difficult to close properly

88

Injector needles

Supply
Used in mouth closure. It is inserted into a needle injector and forced into the mandible and maxilla

89

Adhesive

Supply
Liquid or aerosol spray
Reason to use:
- Close needle holes
-skin slip
-on top of incisions to prevent leaks

90

Electric aspirator

Equipment
A device that uses a motor to create a suction for the purpose of aspiration

91

Coveralls for the deceased are ______, But for us they are______

Supplies, equipment

92

Backflow valve

Prevents anything that is aspirated from getting into the public water supply