Identifications: Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Identifications: Exam 2 Deck (65):
1

Tragicomedy

A play or novel containing elements of both tragedy and comedy, often involved Gods and slaves who were separate parts in tragedy and comedy respectively

2

Jupiter

Roman Zeus, sleeps with Alcmena the night Amphitryon is to return home, fathers Hercules with Alcmena (Amphitryon)

3

Captatio Benevolentiae

Winning of Goodwill, a rhetorical technique designed to capture the goodwill of an audience at the beginning of a speech or appeal

4

Teleboans

Tribes in Arcania that killed Alcmena's brothers, Amphitryon is away destroying them before the play beigns

5

Anthropomorphism

The attribution of human characteristics or behavior to a god, animal, or object

6

Amphitryon

General of Thebes, husband to Alcmena, play Amphitryon is about him (Amphitryon)

7

Mercury

Messenger of the gods, son of Zeus, Roman Hermes, divine prologuist in Amphitryon, buys time so Jupiter can decide what to do, disguises himself as Sosia and beats up Sosia when he arrives (Amphitryon)

8

Sosia

Amphitryon's slave, went to war with him, gets beat up by Apollo who is disguised as him (Amphitryon)

9

Alcmena

Wife of Amphitryon, seduced by Zeus disguised as Amphitryon, mothers Hercules with Jupiter (Amphitryon)

10

Bromia

Maid of Alcmena (Amphitryon)

11

Bellum Iustum (Just War)

Roman formula's of declaring war and surrender, throwing a spear into the enemy's territory as a declaration of war, Romans usually being attacked, olive branches presented to Romans so that other side is surrendering

12

Spolia Opima (Rich Spoils)

Armor, arms, and other effects that an Ancient Roman general would strip from an enemy general defeated in single combat, most honorable spoil of war (higher than ship's bow and enemy standard) Amphitryon is rewarded a golden bowl for slaying the king of the Teleboans

13

Messenger's Speech

Sosia discusses the Bellum Iustum rituals including the praying to Jove, the agreements by both commanders, Amphitryon's Spolia Opima, and the surrender of the Teleboans (Amphitryon)

14

Imagines (Death Masks)

Mercury beats Sosia disguised as him, Sosia upset saying someone stole is Imagines (Image)

15

Virtus

Highest quality prized in a Roman woman, to remain faithful to her husband while he is away and to praise him for being triumphant when he returns

16

Running Slave

Mercury is used by Jupiter to keep away Amphitryon while he sleeps with Alcmena and then so he can decide what he wants to do next (messenger/busywork)

17

Deus Ex Machina

'God from the Machine' Jupiter solves the problem of Amphitryon being upset at Alcmena for begin pregnant and then Jupiter explains that the kid is his

18

Menaechmus of Syracuse

4th C BCE scientist and mathematician who solved the problem of doubling the cube

19

Doubles Comedy

Questioning of unique identity (doppelgänger), audience enjoys superior vantage point because of ontological confusions (brother being mistaken for brother),

20

Matrona

Wife of Menaechmus of Epidamnus (Menaechmi)

21

Uxor Dotata

A bride with a dowry

22

Peniculus

Menaechmus of Epidamnus' friend, professional parasite,

23

Erotium

Menaechmus of Epidamnus' mistress, guy stole his wife's mantle and is going to present it to her as a present (Menaechmi)

24

Epidamnus

City of Loss, located in Northwestern Greece, renamed Dyrhacium by Romans in 229 BCE (Menaechmi)

25

Messenio

Menaechmus of Syracuse's slave, tells guy he should abandon his search because he is almost out of money (Menaechmi)

26

Hegio

A well off man living in Aetolia who comes to own Tyndarus and Philocrates, wants to trade them for his son, Philepolemus, a prisoner of Elis (where the pair are from)
(Captivi)

27

Instrumentum Vocale

Talking tools, slaves, Varro (author of Res Rustica 'the rustic things') says slaves are talking tools

28

Tyndarus

Slave of Philocrates, looks like Philocrates and the two switch places, very loyal to Philocrates, found out at end of play to be son of Hegio (Captivi)

29

Philocrates

Master of Tyndarus, looks like Tyndarus and the two switch places, however, Tyndarus is discovered by Philocrates' friend, Aristophanes (Captivi)

30

Ergasilus

Parasite who tries to get a free dinner from Hegio, learns that Philepolemus has returned to Aetolia (Captivi) and uses this to get his dinner (Captivi)

31

Demea

Father of Aeschinus and Ctesipho, decides to allow his brother, Micio, to raise Aeschinus and he himself raises Ctesipho, strict authoritarian father, lives on a farm (Adelphoe)

32

Micio

Brother of Demea, uncle of Aeschinus and Ctesipho, raises Aeschinus with brother's permission, passive and democratic father, lives in the city (Adelphoe)

33

Philhellenism

New wave of Hellenism in Rome, obsession with all things from Hellas (Greece)

34

Contaminatio

Contamination, dumbing down or adding Roman aspects to Greek plays

35

Aeschinus

Son of Demea raised by Micio in the city, gets too drunk at a festival and rapes Pamphila, later marries her (Adelphoe)

36

Daemones

Elderly Athenian man, Master of Sceparnio and Gripus, later found out to be father of Palaestra (Rudens)

37

Cyrene

City in Northern Africa where Rudens takes place (Rudens)

38

Arcturus

The star-god, prologuist of Rudens, responsible for the storm that damaged Daemones' house and that wrecked the ship carrying Labrax (a slave dealer), Charmides (Labrax's friend), and two slave-girls (Palaestra and Ampelisca) (Rudens)

39

Gripus

Slave of Daemones, a fisherman, catches the trunk containing gold (), thinks he will use it to buy his freedom (Gripopolis), argues with Trachalio about the trunk, loses trunk when master gives it to Palaestra but says that he will give Gripus gold for whatever is taken from the trunk (Rudens)

40

Alkmene

Euripides

41

Palaestra

Slave of Labrax, marooned in Cyrene as a result of the shipwreck, takes shelter with Ampelisca in a temple of Venus, loses the chest containing things that would identify her to her parents (Daemones and wife) (Rudens)

42

Venus

Roman Aphrodite, temple of whom Ampelisca and Palaestra take refuge from Labrax (Rudens)

43

Lachaes

Husband to Sostrata, father of Pamphilus, believes his wife has messed up the relationship between Pamphilus and his wife Philumena

44

Sostrata

Mother of Pamphilus, wife of Lachaes, wants to figure out why Philumena is not speaking with her (wondering about pregnancy)

45

Pamphilus

Son of Sostrata and Lachaes, rapes Philumena at a festival and doesn't remember it, loves a prostitute named Bacchis, returns home during the birth of (his) baby, doesn't know it is his, Bacchis finds out its his because he gave her Philumena's ring after he raped her, he accepts child and wife

46

Myrrhina

Mother of Philumena, stresses about the rape and the ring that her daughter lost

47

Bacchis

Prostitute and consort of Pamphilus, discovers that the baby is his when she realizes that the ring that he gave her was Philumena's

48

Pyrgopolynices

The Miles Gloriosus (Braggart Soldier), Artotrogus as parasite feeding his ego (Miles)

49

Alazon

Source play for Miles Gloriosus, originally called 'the Braggart'

One of the stock characters in comedy, the braggart/imposter usually opposed by the eiron- self-depricator/dissembler (Miles)

50

Palaestrio

Once a slave of Pleusicles, found out that the girl his master loved (Philocomasium) who was kidnapped from Athens and taken by braggart, found this out and was on way to tell master but was captured by pirates and sold to braggart, clever slave of play, sent a letter to his master telling him where they are (Ephesus), twin sister ploy (Miles)

51

Periplectomenus

Old man of Ephesus, Plusicles is staying with him while there, helps with both the twin sister ploy and the fake wife ploy (Miles)

52

Dyskolos (The Grouch)

Menander's play, source for Pot of Gold, theme of civilization vs wildness (Aulularia)

53

Euclio

Father of Phaedria, found a pot of gold thanks to Lar Familias (household deity), becomes paranoid because of this (Aulularia)

54

Staphyla

Euclio's housemaid (Aulularia)

55

Eunomia

Lyconides' mother, Magadrous' sister, portrays good order in the household relationship between her and her husband (Aulularia)

56

Magadorus

Uncle of Lyconides, wants to marry Phaedria but doesn't when he finds out that Lyconides raped her (Aulularia)

57

Lex Oppia

Enacted in 215 BCE during 2nd Punic War, restricted not only women's wealth, but their display of wealth, forbade any woman to possess more than half an ounce of gold, wear any multi-colored garment, or to ride in any animal-drawn vehicle (except during religious festivals)

58

Amphitryon

Plautus,

59

Menaechmi

Plautus,

60

Captivi

Plautus,

61

Adelophe

Terence,

62

Rudens

Plautus,

63

Hecyra (The Mother-In-Law)

Terence,

64

Miles Gloriosus (The Braggart Soldier)

Plautus,

65

Aulularia (The Pot of Gold)

Plautus,